Hotepsekhemwy is the Horus name of an early Egyptian king who was the founder of the 2nd dynasty. The exact length of his reign is not known; the Turin canon suggests an improbable 95 years[4] while the Ancient Egyptian historian Manetho reports that the reign of "Boëthôs" lasted for 38 years.[5] Egyptologists consider both statements to be misinterpretations or exaggerations. They credit Hotepsekhemwy with either a 25- or a 29-year rule.[6]

Name sources

Cartouche name of Hotepsekhemwy in the Abydos King List (cartouche no. 9).

Hotepsekhemwy's name has been identified by archaeologists at Sakkara, Giza, Badari and Abydos from clay seal impressions, stone vessels and bone cylinders. Several stone vessel inscriptions mention Hotepsekhemwy along with the name of his successor Raneb.[1][7][8][9]

The Horus name of Hotepsekhemwy is the subject of particular interest to Egyptologists and historians, as it may hint at the turbulent politics of the time. The Egyptian word "Hotep" means "peaceful" and "to be pleased" though it can also mean "conciliation" or "to be reconciled", too. So Hotepsekhemwy's full name may be read as "the two powers are reconciled" or "pleasing in powers", which suggests a significant political meaning. In this sense, "the two powers" could be a reference to Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt as well as to the major deities Horus and Seth.[1][10][11]

From the reign of Hotepsekhemwy onward it became a tradition to write the Horus name and the nebty name in the same way. It is thought that some kind of philosophic background affected that choice, since the Horus name reveals a clearly defined, symbolic meaning in its translation. Horus- and nebty names being the same might also indicate, that the Horus name was adopted after ascending the throne.[1]

Other Languages
العربية: حتب سخم وى
català: Hotepsekhemui
čeština: Hetepsechemuej
Deutsch: Hetepsechemui
Ελληνικά: Βόηθος
español: Hetepsejemuy
Esperanto: Hetepseĥemuj
euskara: Hetepsekhemuy
français: Hotepsekhemoui
한국어: 헤텝세켐위
hrvatski: Hotepsekemui
Bahasa Indonesia: Hotepsekhemwy
italiano: Hotepsekhemwy
lietuvių: Hotepsechemvis
македонски: Хотепсехемви
Nederlands: Hotepsechemoei
occitan: Hetepsekhemoi
português: Boco (faraó)
Ripoarisch: Hetepsechemui
русский: Хотепсехемуи
Simple English: Hotepsekhemwy
slovenčina: Hetepsechemuej
slovenščina: Hotepsekemvi
српски / srpski: Хотепсехемуи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hotepsekhemwy
svenska: Hetepsekhemui
Tagalog: Hotepsekhemwy
українська: Хотепсехемуї
Tiếng Việt: Hotepsekhemwy
Yorùbá: Hotepsekhemwy