Horsecar

Manchester, New Hampshire's first horsecar, dating from 1877, and on display about 1908.

A horsecar, or horse-drawn tram, is an animal-powered (usually horse) tram or streetcar.

Overview

The Horse-drawn tram (Horsecar), an early form of public rail transport, developed out of industrial haulage routes that had long been in existence, and from the omnibus routes that first ran on public streets in the 1820s, using the newly improved iron or steel rail or ' tramway'. These were local versions of the stagecoach lines and picked up and dropped off passengers on a regular route, without the need to be pre-hired. Horsecars on tramlines were an improvement over the omnibus, as the low rolling resistance of metal wheels on iron or steel rails (usually grooved from 1852 on) allowed the animals to haul a greater load for a given effort than the omnibus and gave a smoother ride. The horse-drawn streetcar combined the low cost, flexibility, and safety of animal power with the efficiency, smoothness, and all-weather capability of a rail right-of-way.

Other Languages
Deutsch: Pferdebahn
Esperanto: Ĉevaltira tramo
Frysk: Hynstetram
한국어: 마차철도
hrvatski: Konjski tramvaj
magyar: Lóvasút
Nederlands: Paardentram
日本語: 馬車鉄道
norsk bokmål: Hestesporvogn
português: Carro americano
русский: Конка
slovenčina: Konská železnica
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Konjski tramvaj
Türkçe: Atlı tramvay
українська: Конка
Tiếng Việt: Xe ngựa