Horn of Africa

Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa.png
Countries and territories
Major regional organizationsArab League, Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa, Community of Sahel-Saharan States, Intergovernmental Authority on Development
Population122,618,170 (2016 est.)
Area1,882,757 km2
Languages
ReligionIslam, Christianity, traditional faiths
Time zonesUTC+03:00
Currency
CapitalsAddis Ababa (Ethiopia)
Asmara (Eritrea)
Djibouti (Djibouti)
Mogadishu (Somalia)
Total GDP (PPP)$ 247.751 billion (2016)
Total GDP (nominal)$ 102,057 billion (2016)

The Horn of Africa is a peninsula in East Africa[1] that juts into the Guardafui Channel, lying along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden and the southwest Red Sea. The area is the easternmost projection of the African continent. The Horn of Africa denotes the region containing the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.[2][3][4][5] Regional studies on the Horn of Africa are carried out, among others, in the fields of Ethiopian Studies as well as Somali Studies. Its name is derived from its shape being reminiscent to a rhinoceros' horn.[6]

Names

This peninsula is known by various names. In ancient and medieval times, the Horn of Africa was referred to as the Bilad al Barbar ("Land of the Berbers").[7][8][9] It is also known as the Somali peninsula, or in the Somali language, Geeska Afrika, Jasiiradda Soomaali or Gacandhulka Soomaali.[10] In other languages that are local or adjacent to the Horn of Africa, it is known as የአፍሪካ ቀንድ yäafrika qänd in Amharic, القرن الأفريقي‎ al-qarn al-'afrīqī in Arabic, Gaaffaa Afriikaa in Oromo and ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ in Tigrinya. The Horn of Africa is sometimes shortened to HOA.[11] The Horn of Africa is quite commonly designated simply the "Horn", while inhabitants are sometimes colloquially referred to as Horn Africans.[12] Sometimes the term Greater Horn of Africa is used, either to be inclusive of neighbouring northeast African countries, or to distinguish the broader geopolitical definition of the Horn of Africa from narrower peninsular definitions.[13] Ancient Greeks and Romans referred to the Somali peninsula as Regio Aromatica or Regio Cinnamonifora due to the aromatic plants, or Regio Incognita owing to its unchartered territory, while ancient Egyptians referred to it as the Land of Punt.[14]

Other Languages
asturianu: Cuernu d'África
Avañe'ẽ: Áfrika Ratĩ
azərbaycanca: Afrika buynuzu
Bân-lâm-gú: Hui-chiu-kak
bosanski: Afrički rog
brezhoneg: Korn Afrika
čeština: Africký roh
Cymraeg: Corn Affrica
Esperanto: Korno de Afriko
hrvatski: Afrički rog
Bahasa Indonesia: Tanduk Afrika
íslenska: Horn Afríku
italiano: Corno d'Africa
Basa Jawa: Sungu Afrika
Kiswahili: Pembe la Afrika
Lëtzebuergesch: Har vun Afrika
македонски: Африкански Рог
მარგალური: სომალიშ ჩქონი
Bahasa Melayu: Tanduk Afrika
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အာဖရိက ဦးချိုဒေသ
Nederlands: Hoorn van Afrika
Nordfriisk: Hurn faan Afrikoo
norsk nynorsk: Afrikas horn
occitan: Bana d'Africa
português: Corno de África
română: Cornul Africii
русиньскый: Африканьскый ріг
Simple English: Horn of Africa
slovenčina: Africký roh
slovenščina: Afriški rog
српски / srpski: Рог Африке
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Afrički rog
svenska: Afrikas horn
татарча/tatarça: Сомали ярымутравы
Türkçe: Afrika Boynuzu
Tiếng Việt: Sừng châu Phi
粵語: 非洲之角
中文: 非洲之角