Horn of Africa

Horn of Africa
Horn of Africa.png
Countries and territories
Major regional organizations
Population122,618,170 (2016 est.)
Area1,882,757 km2
Main native languages
Main working languages
  • English (widely taught)
  • Arabic (co-official in Djibouti and Somalia & liturgical language of Muslims)
  • French (co-official in Djibouti)
  • Italian (formerly in Eritrea and Somalia)
ReligionChristianity, Islam, traditional faiths, Judaism (formerly in Ethiopia, most have migrated to Israel)
Time zonesUTC+03:00
Currency
CapitalsAddis Ababa (Ethiopia)
Mogadishu (Somalia)
Asmara (Eritrea)
Djibouti (Djibouti)
Total GDP (PPP)$ 247.751 billion (2016)
($2,020 per capita)
Total GDP (nominal)$ 102.057 billion (2016)
($832 per capita)

The Horn of Africa (Somali: Geeska Afrika, Oromo: Gaaffaa Afriikaa, Amharic: የአፍሪካ ቀንድ, translit. yäafrika qänd, Tigrinya: ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ}, translit. k’erinī afirīka, Arabic: القرن الأفريقي‎, translit. al-qarn al-'afrīqī) (shortened to HOA; alternatively Somali Peninsula) is a peninsula in Northeast Africa. It juts hundreds of kilometers into the Arabian Sea and lies along the southern side of the Gulf of Aden. The area is the easternmost projection of the African continent. Referred to in ancient and medieval times as Land of the Berbers and Habesha,[1][2][3] the Horn of Africa denotes the region containing the countries of Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, and Somalia.[4][5][6][7]

It covers approximately 2,000,000 km2 (770,000 sq mi) and is inhabited by roughly 115 million people (Ethiopia: 96.6 million, Somalia: 10.4 million, Eritrea: 6.4 million, and Djibouti: 0.81 million). Regional studies on the Horn of Africa are carried out, among others, in the fields of Ethiopian Studies as well as Somali Studies.

Names

This peninsula is known by various names. In ancient and medieval times, the Horn of Africa was referred to as the Bilad al Barbar ("Land of the Berbers").[8][9][10] It is also known as the Somali peninsula, or in the Somali language, Geeska Afrika, Jasiiradda Soomaali or Gacandhulka Soomaali.[11] In other languages that are local or adjacent to the Horn of Africa, it is known as የአፍሪካ ቀንድ yäafrika qänd in Amharic, القرن الأفريقي‎ al-qarn al-'afrīqī in Arabic, Gaaffaa Afriikaa in Oromo and ቀርኒ ኣፍሪቃ in Tigrinya. The Horn of Africa is sometimes shortened to HOA.[12] The Horn of Africa is quite commonly designated simply the "Horn", while inhabitants are sometimes colloquially referred to as Horn Africans.[13] Sometimes the term Greater Horn of Africa is used, either to be inclusive of neighbouring northeast African countries, or to distinguish the broader geopolitical definition of the Horn of Africa from narrower peninsular definitions.[14] Ancient Greeks and Romans referred to the Somali peninsula as Regio Aromatica or Regio Cinnamonifora due to the aromatic plants, or Regio Incognita owing to its unchartered territory.

Other Languages
asturianu: Cuernu d'África
Avañe'ẽ: Áfrika Ratĩ
azərbaycanca: Afrika buynuzu
Bân-lâm-gú: Hui-chiu-kak
bosanski: Afrički rog
brezhoneg: Korn Afrika
čeština: Africký roh
Cymraeg: Corn Affrica
Esperanto: Korno de Afriko
hrvatski: Afrički rog
Bahasa Indonesia: Tanduk Afrika
íslenska: Horn Afríku
italiano: Corno d'Africa
Basa Jawa: Sungu Afrika
Kiswahili: Pembe la Afrika
Lëtzebuergesch: Har vun Afrika
македонски: Африкански Рог
მარგალური: სომალიშ ჩქონი
Bahasa Melayu: Tanduk Afrika
မြန်မာဘာသာ: အာဖရိက ဦးချိုဒေသ
Nederlands: Hoorn van Afrika
Nordfriisk: Hurn faan Afrikoo
norsk nynorsk: Afrikas horn
occitan: Bana d'Africa
português: Corno de África
română: Cornul Africii
русиньскый: Африканьскый ріг
Simple English: Horn of Africa
slovenčina: Africký roh
slovenščina: Afriški rog
српски / srpski: Рог Африке
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Afrički rog
svenska: Afrikas horn
татарча/tatarça: Сомали ярымутравы
Türkçe: Afrika Boynuzu
Tiếng Việt: Sừng châu Phi
粵語: 非洲之角
中文: 非洲之角