Homer

Homer
Born~800 B.C.
Presumably Ionia
DiedDOD unknown
Resting placeUnknown
OccupationAuthor
LanguageIonic Greek
ResidenceAncient Greece
PeriodClassical Antiquity
Notable worksThe OdysseyIliad
Roman bust of Homer from the second century AD, portrayed with traditional iconography, based on a Greek original dating to the Hellenistic period[1]

Homer (ər/; Ancient Greek: Ὅμηρος Greek pronunciation: [hómɛːros], Hómēros) is the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature. The Iliad is set during the Trojan War, the ten-year siege of the city of Troy by a coalition of Greek kingdoms. It focuses on a quarrel between King Agamemnon and the warrior Achilles lasting a few weeks during the last year of the war. The Odyssey focuses on the ten-year journey home of Odysseus, king of Ithaca, after the fall of Troy. Many accounts of Homer's life circulated in classical antiquity, the most widespread being that he was a blind bard from Ionia, a region of central coastal Anatolia in present-day Turkey. Modern scholars consider these accounts legendary.[2][3][4]

The Homeric Question – concerning by whom, when, where and under what circumstances the Iliad and Odyssey were composed – continues to be debated. Broadly speaking, modern scholarly opinion falls into two groups. One holds that most of the Iliad and (according to some) the Odyssey are the works of a single poet of genius. The other considers the Homeric poems to be the result of a process of working and reworking by many contributors, and that "Homer" is best seen as a label for an entire tradition.[4] It is generally accepted that the poems were composed at some point around the late eighth or early seventh century BC.[5]

The poems are in Homeric Greek, also known as Epic Greek, a literary language which shows a mixture of features of the Ionic and Aeolic dialects from different centuries; the predominant influence is Eastern Ionic.[6][7] Most researchers believe that the poems were originally transmitted orally.[8] From antiquity until the present day, the influence of the Homeric epics on Western civilization has been great, inspiring many of its most famous works of literature, music, art and film.[9] The Homeric epics were the greatest influence on ancient Greek culture and education; to Plato, Homer was simply the one who "has taught Greece" – ten Hellada pepaideuken.[10][11]

Works attributed to Homer

Homer and His Guide (1874) by William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Today only the Iliad and Odyssey are associated with the name 'Homer'. In antiquity, a very large number of other works were sometimes attributed to him, including the Homeric Hymns, the Contest of Homer and Hesiod, the Little Iliad, the Nostoi, the Thebaid, the Cypria, the Epigoni, the comic mini-epic Batrachomyomachia ("The Frog-Mouse War"), the Margites, the Capture of Oechalia, and the Phocais. These claims are not considered authentic today and were by no means universally accepted in the ancient world. As with the multitude of legends surrounding Homer's life, they indicate little more than the centrality of Homer to ancient Greek culture.[12][13][14]

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Гомер
Afrikaans: Homeros
Alemannisch: Homer
አማርኛ: ሆሜር
العربية: هوميروس
aragonés: Homero
armãneashti: Homeru
অসমীয়া: হোমাৰ
asturianu: Homero
Avañe'ẽ: Homéro
azərbaycanca: Homer
تۆرکجه: هومر
বাংলা: হোমার
Bân-lâm-gú: Homeros
башҡортса: Гомер
беларуская: Гамер
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гамэр
भोजपुरी: होमर
Bikol Central: Homer
Bislama: Homer
български: Омир
Boarisch: Homer
བོད་ཡིག: ཧོ་མུར།
bosanski: Homer
brezhoneg: Homeros
буряад: Һомер
català: Homer
Чӑвашла: Гомер
čeština: Homér
corsu: Omeru
Cymraeg: Homeros
dansk: Homer
Deutsch: Homer
डोटेली: होमर
eesti: Homeros
Ελληνικά: Όμηρος
эрзянь: Гомер
español: Homero
Esperanto: Homero
estremeñu: Omeru
euskara: Homero
فارسی: هومر
Fiji Hindi: Homer
føroyskt: Homer
français: Homère
Frysk: Homêros
furlan: Omêr
Gaeilge: Hóiméar
Gàidhlig: Ómīros
galego: Homero
贛語: 荷馬
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Homeros
한국어: 호메로스
Hawaiʻi: Homer
հայերեն: Հոմերոս
हिन्दी: होमर
hrvatski: Homer
Ido: Homero
Ilokano: Homero
Bahasa Indonesia: Homeros
interlingua: Homero
Ирон: Гомер
íslenska: Hómer
italiano: Omero
עברית: הומרוס
Jawa: Homeros
Kabɩyɛ: Homère
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಹೋಮರ್
Kapampangan: Homer
ქართული: ჰომეროსი
қазақша: Гомер
Kiswahili: Homer
Kreyòl ayisyen: Homère
kurdî: Homer
Кыргызча: Гомер
ລາວ: ໂຮແມ
Latina: Homerus
latviešu: Homērs
Lëtzebuergesch: Homer
lietuvių: Homeras
Limburgs: Homeros
Lingua Franca Nova: Homero
lumbaart: Umer
magyar: Homérosz
मैथिली: होमर
македонски: Хомер
Malagasy: Homer
മലയാളം: ഹോമർ
Malti: Omeru
मराठी: होमर
მარგალური: ჰომეროსი
مصرى: هوميروس
مازِرونی: هومر
Bahasa Melayu: Homeros
Minangkabau: Homerus
Mirandés: Houmero
монгол: Хомер
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဟိုးမား
Dorerin Naoero: Homer
Nederlands: Homerus
नेपाल भाषा: होमर
日本語: ホメーロス
нохчийн: Гомер
norsk: Homer
norsk nynorsk: Homer
Novial: Hómeros
occitan: Omèr
олык марий: Гомер
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ହୋମର
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Homer
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹੋਮਰ
Pälzisch: Homer
پنجابی: ہومر
پښتو: هومر
Patois: Uoma
ភាសាខ្មែរ: ហូម័រ
Picard: Omère
Piemontèis: Omer
Plattdüütsch: Homer (Dichter)
polski: Homer
português: Homero
Qaraqalpaqsha: Homer
qırımtatarca: Gomer
română: Homer
Runa Simi: Omiros
русиньскый: Гомер
русский: Гомер
саха тыла: Хомер
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ: ᱦᱚᱢᱤᱨ
Scots: Homer
Seeltersk: Hómēros
shqip: Homeri
sicilianu: Omeru
Simple English: Homer
سنڌي: هومر
slovenčina: Homér
slovenščina: Homer
ślůnski: Hůmer
کوردی: ھۆمیرۆس
српски / srpski: Хомер
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Homer
suomi: Homeros
svenska: Homeros
Tagalog: Homer
தமிழ்: ஓமர்
Taqbaylit: Homer
татарча/tatarça: Һомер
తెలుగు: హోమర్
тоҷикӣ: Ҳомер
Türkçe: Homeros
Türkmençe: Gomer
удмурт: Гомер
українська: Гомер
اردو: ہومر
Vahcuengh: Hozmaj
vèneto: Omero
vepsän kel’: Gomer
Tiếng Việt: Hómēros
Volapük: Homeros
Võro: Homeros
walon: Homere
Winaray: Homeros
吴语: 荷馬
ייִדיש: האמעראס
Yorùbá: Homer
粵語: 荷馬
Zazaki: Homeros
žemaitėška: Huomers
中文: 荷马