Hildesheim

Hildesheim
Luftbild panorama hildesheim oktober 2016.jpg
Hildesheim, Dom 20171201 001.jpg
Hildesheim Knochenhauer-HD.jpg
BrühlNr.31.jpg
Roemer und Pelizaeus Museum.JPG
Kirchturm der St.-Mauritius-Kirche (Hildesheim) 2.jpg
Hildesheim St MIchael von Andreas.jpg
View over Hildesheim, Hildesheim Cathedral (UNESCO World Heritage Site), Historic Market Place, half-timbered houses at the Brühl street, Roemer- und Pelizaeus-Museum, St. Maurice Church on the Moritzberg, St. Michael's Church (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Coat of arms of Hildesheim
Coat of arms
Location of Hildesheim within Hildesheim district
Hildesheim in HI.svg
Hildesheim is located in Germany
Hildesheim
Hildesheim
Hildesheim is located in Lower Saxony
Hildesheim
Hildesheim
Coordinates: 52°09′N 09°57′E / 52°09′N 09°57′E / 52.150; 9.950(2018-12-31)[1]
 • Total101,990
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
31101–31134
Dialling codes05121
www.hildesheim.de

Hildesheim [ˈhɪldəsˌhaɪ̯m] (About this soundlisten) (Eastphalian: Hilmessen) is a city in Lower Saxony, Germany with 104,230 inhabitants.[2] It is in the district of Hildesheim, about 30 km (19 mi) southeast of Hanover on the banks of the Innerste River, a small tributary of the Leine River.

The Holy Roman Emperor Louis the Pious founded the Bishopric of Hildesheim in 815 and created the first settlement with a chapel on the so called Domhügel.

Hildesheim is situated on autobahn route 7, and hence is at the connection point of the North (Hamburg and beyond) with the South of Europe.

With the Hildesheim Cathedral and the St. Michael's Church Hildesheim has become a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1985.

In 2015 the city and the diocese celebrates their 1200 anniversary.

History

Early years

The historic market square at night

Hildesheim, one of the oldest cities in Northern Germany, became the seat of the Bishopric of Hildesheim in 815 and may have been founded when the bishop moved from Elze to the Innerste ford, which was an important market on the Hellweg trade route. The settlement around the cathedral very quickly developed into a town and was awarded market rights by King Otto III in 983.[3] Originally the market was held in a street called Old Market (Alter Markt) which still exists today. The first market place was laid out around the church St. Andreas. When the city grew further, a bigger market place became necessary. The present market place of Hildesheim was laid out at the beginning of the 13th century when the city had about 5,000 inhabitants.


Middle ages

When Hildesheim obtained city status in 1249, it was one of the biggest cities in Northern Germany.[4] For four centuries the clergy ruled Hildesheim, before a city hall was built and the citizens gained some influence and independence. Construction of the present City Hall started in 1268.[5] In 1367 Hildesheim became a member of the Hanseatic League. A war between the citizens and their bishop cost dearly in 1519–23 when they engaged in a feud.

Reformation

Hildesheim became Lutheran in 1542, and only the cathedral and a few other buildings remained in imperial (Catholic) hands. Several villages around the city remained Catholic as well.

19th century

In 1813, after the Napoleonic Wars, the town became part of the Kingdom of Hanover, which was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia as a province after the Austro-Prussian War in 1866. In 1868 a highly valuable trove of about 70 Roman silver vessels for eating and drinking, the so-called Hildesheim Treasure, was unearthed by Prussian soldiers.

Early 20th century and World War II

The city was heavily damaged by air raids in 1945, especially on 22 March. Although it had little military significance, two months before the end of the war in Europe the historic city was bombed as part of the Area Bombing Directive in order to undermine the morale of the German people. 28.5% of the houses were completely destroyed and 44.7% damaged. 26.8% of the houses remained undamaged. The centre, which had retained its medieval character until then, was almost levelled. As in many cities, priority was given to rapid building of badly needed housing, and concrete structures took the place of the destroyed buildings. Most of the major churches, two of them now UNESCO World Heritage Sites, were rebuilt in the original style soon after the war. During the war, valuable world heritage materials had been hidden in the basement of the city wall.

Late 20th century and present

In 1978, the University of Hildesheim was founded. In the 1980s a reconstruction of the historic centre began. Some of the unattractive concrete buildings around the market place were torn down and replaced by replicas of the original buildings. In the autumn of 2007, a decision was made to reconstruct the Umgestülpter Zuckerhut ("Upended Sugarloaf"), an iconic half-timbered house famous for its unusual shape. In 2015 the city and the diocese celebrates their 1200 anniversary with the Day of Lower Saxony.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Hildesheim
Alemannisch: Hildesheim
العربية: هيلدسهايم
تۆرکجه: هیلدس‌هایم
Bân-lâm-gú: Hildesheim
башҡортса: Хильдесхайм
беларуская: Гільдэсгайм
български: Хилдесхайм
català: Hildesheim
čeština: Hildesheim
Cymraeg: Hildesheim
dansk: Hildesheim
Deutsch: Hildesheim
eesti: Hildesheim
Ελληνικά: Χίλντεσχαϊμ
español: Hildesheim
Esperanto: Hildesheim
euskara: Hildesheim
føroyskt: Hildesheim
français: Hildesheim
Frysk: Hildesheim
Gaeilge: Hildesheim
Gàidhlig: Hildesheim
한국어: 힐데스하임
հայերեն: Հիլդեսհայմ
hrvatski: Hildesheim
Bahasa Indonesia: Hildesheim
íslenska: Hildesheim
italiano: Hildesheim
עברית: הילדסהיים
қазақша: Хильдесхайм
Kiswahili: Hildesheim
Кыргызча: Хильдесхайм
Latina: Hildesia
latviešu: Hildesheima
lietuvių: Hildesheimas
lumbaart: Hildesheim
magyar: Hildesheim
македонски: Хилдесхајм
Bahasa Melayu: Hildesheim
Nederlands: Hildesheim (stad)
Nordfriisk: Hildesheim
norsk: Hildesheim
norsk nynorsk: Hildesheim
occitan: Hildesheim
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Hildesheim
پنجابی: ہیلڈشیم
Plattdüütsch: Hilmessen
polski: Hildesheim
português: Hildesheim
română: Hildesheim
русский: Хильдесхайм
Scots: Hildesheim
Seeltersk: Hildesheim
Simple English: Hildesheim
slovenčina: Hildesheim
slovenščina: Hildesheim
српски / srpski: Хилдесхајм
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hildesheim
suomi: Hildesheim
svenska: Hildesheim
татарча/tatarça: Һилдесһайм
Türkçe: Hildesheim
українська: Гільдесгайм
Tiếng Việt: Hildesheim
Volapük: Hildesheim
Winaray: Hildesheim
粵語: 喜迪堪