Saint Hilarion
Hilarion the Great (Menologion of Basil II).jpg
Hilarion the Great, by Basil II, c.1000 (Vatican Library)
Born291 AD
Thabatha, south of Gaza in Syria Palaestina
Died371 AD
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
Eastern Orthodox Churches
Coptic Church
FeastOctober 21

Hilarion (291–371) was an anchorite who spent most of his life in the desert according to the example of Anthony the Great. He is considered to be the founder of Palestinian monasticism and venerated as a saint by Eastern Orthodox Church and Roman Catholic Church.

Early life

The chief source of information regarding Hilarion is the biography written by St. Jerome.[1] The life of Hilarion was written by Jerome in 390 at Bethlehem. Its object was to further the ascetic life to which he was devoted. It contains, amidst much that is legendary, some statements which attach it to genuine history, and is in any case a record of the state of the human mind in the 4th century. [2]

Hilarion was born in Thabatha, south of Gaza in Syria Palaestina of pagan parents. He successfully studied rhetoric with a Grammarian in Alexandria.[3] It seems that he was converted to Christianity in Alexandria. After that, he shunned the pleasures of his day—theatre, circus and arena—and spent his time attending church. According to St. Jerome, he was a thin and delicate youth of fragile health.

Other Languages
العربية: هيلاريوس
български: Иларион Велики
español: Hilarión
français: Hilarion de Gaza
עברית: הילריון
ქართული: ილარიონ დიდი
Nederlands: Hilarion van Gaza
sicilianu: Sant'Ilariuni
српски / srpski: Иларион Велики
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hilarion
Türkçe: Hilarion