Hex (board game)

11×11 Hex gameboard showing a winning configuration for Blue
Years active1942–present
Genre(s)Board game
Abstract strategy game
Connection game
Setup timeNone
Playing time30 minutes – 2 hours (11×11 board)
Random chanceNone
Skill(s) requiredStrategy, tactics

Hex is a strategy board game for two players played on a hexagonal grid, theoretically of any size and several possible shapes, but traditionally as an 11×11 rhombus. Players alternate placing markers or stones on unoccupied spaces in an attempt to link their opposite sides of the board in an unbroken chain. One player must win; there are no draws. The game has deep strategy, sharp tactics and a profound mathematical underpinning related to the Brouwer fixed-point theorem. It was invented in the 1940s independently by two mathematicians, Piet Hein and John Nash. The game was first marketed as a board game in Denmark under the name Con-tac-tix, and Parker Brothers marketed a version of it in 1952 called Hex; they are no longer in production. Hex can also be played with paper and pencil on hexagonally ruled graph paper.

Hex-related research is current in the areas of topology, graph and matroid theory, combinatorics, game theory and computer heuristics.

Game type

Hex is a connection game, and can be classified as a Maker-Breaker game, a particular type of positional game. The game can never end in a draw (tie), in other words, Hex is also a "determined game".

Hex is a finite, perfect information game, and an abstract strategy game that belongs to the general category of connection games. When played on a generalized graph, it is equivalent to the Shannon switching game.

As a product, Hex is a board game; it may also be played with paper and pencil.

Other Languages
català: Hex (joc)
Deutsch: Hex (Spiel)
español: Hex (juego)
Esperanto: Heksludo
euskara: Hex
فارسی: بازی هگز
français: Hex
한국어: 헥스
Bahasa Indonesia: Hex
italiano: Hex (gioco)
עברית: הקס (משחק)
Nederlands: Hex (bordspel)
norsk: Hex
português: Hex (jogo)
русский: Гекс
slovenčina: Hex (hra)
svenska: Hex (spel)
ไทย: เฮกซ์
українська: Гекс
中文: 六貫棋