Heron Tower

Heron Tower
Heron Tower, Bishopsgate, London.JPG
General information
Status Complete
Type Commercial
Location London, EC2
United Kingdom
Construction started 2007
Completed 2011
Height
Antenna spire 230 metres (755 ft) [1]
Roof 202 metres (663 ft) [2]
Dimensions
Other dimensions 2,400-square-metre (26,000 sq ft) site
Technical details
Floor count 46 [3]
Floor area 461,478 sq ft (43,000 m2) [3]
Design and construction
Architect Kohn Pedersen Fox
Structural engineer Arup
Main contractor Skanska
Website
http://www.salesforce-tower.com
The lobby features a 70,000-litre aquarium containing hundreds of fish.

The Heron Tower (officially 110 Bishopsgate) is a commercial skyscraper in London. It stands 230 metres (755 ft) tall [4] including its 28-metre (92 ft) mast (202 metres (663 ft) excluding the mast) making it the tallest building in the City of London financial district [5] and the third tallest in Greater London and the United Kingdom, after the Shard in Southwark and One Canada Square at Canary Wharf. The Heron Tower is located on Bishopsgate and is bordered by Camomile Street, Outwich Street and Houndsditch.

Construction of the building started in 2007 and was completed in 2011. It is owned by Heron International and is generally known as the Heron Tower, though following a naming dispute in 2014 involving the tenant Salesforce.com [6] the City of London ruled in favour of the property being officially named 110 Bishopsgate. [7] The tower initially struggled to attract tenants in the depths of the Great Recession, but is now fully let. [8]

Design and planning

Designed by architects Kohn Pedersen Fox, the height of the Heron Tower was planned to be only 183 m, identical to that of Tower 42, the City of London's then tallest building since 1980.

It attracted some controversy when first announced due to its proximity to St Paul's Cathedral when viewed from Waterloo Bridge. English Heritage was notably vocal in expressing concerns. A public inquiry was subsequently held, the outcome of which was decided by deputy prime minister John Prescott, who ruled in the developers' favour. The tower was given final approval for construction in July 2002.

Three years later, the project had yet to begin construction. In September 2005 the Heron Property Corporation submitted a planning application to increase the height of its approved building. Heron's revised plans now proposed a 202-metre (663 ft) tall tower topped by a 28-metre (92 ft) mast, giving it a total height of 230 metres (755 ft). Although the design was largely identical to the previous scheme, the tower's crown and southern façades were refined. In January 2006, the revised project was approved by the City of London Corporation.

In February 2013 it was revealed in The Times that backers of the tower included Prince Abdul Aziz bin Fahd, a son of the late King Fahd of Saudi Arabia. [9]

Interior

The Heron Tower was designed to feature a concierge-style entrance and reception area, incorporating a 70,000 litre aquarium containing around 1,200 fish. [10] The aquarium is the largest privately owned example in the United Kingdom and contains over 60 species of fish in an entire sustainable ecosystem; the species were selected by expert biologists and animal curators to ensure compatibility and adaptability to the environment. The tank is attended to by a team of two full-time fish attendants, who feed the fish a diet rich in natural ingredients according to their requirements and monitor the tank for water chemistry and fish health, and two to three part-time divers who clean the rockwork and glass regularly.

A bar-restaurant called The Drift occupies part of the ground and first floors. [11] There is a restaurant and "sky bar" leased to Sushi Samba and Duck & Waffle, both open to the public, on floors 38–40. [12] Situated 175 metres (574 ft) above the City and accessed by scenic lifts from a dedicated entrance on Bishopsgate, the restaurant and bar also have external terraces. [13]

Environment

The building uses photovoltaic cells to generate renewable energy, allowing it to achieve a BREEAM rating of 'excellent' in January 2010. [14]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Herontoring
čeština: Heron Tower
Deutsch: Heron Tower
español: Heron Tower
euskara: Heron Tower
فارسی: برج هرون
français: Heron Tower
한국어: 헤론 타워
Bahasa Indonesia: Heron Tower
italiano: Heron Tower
polski: Heron Tower
slovenčina: Heron Tower
svenska: Heron Tower
Türkçe: Heron Tower
中文: 蒼鷺大廈