Herbivore

A deer and two fawns feeding on foliage
A caterpillar feeding on a leaf
Tracks made by terrestrial gastropods with their radulas, scraping green algae from a surface inside a greenhouse

A herbivore is an animal anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material, for example foliage, for the main component of its diet. As a result of their plant diet, herbivorous animals typically have mouthparts adapted to rasping or grinding. Horses and other herbivores have wide flat teeth that are adapted to grinding grass, tree bark, and other tough plant material.

A large percentage of herbivores have mutualistic gut flora that help them digest plant matter, which is more difficult to digest than animal prey.[1] This flora is made up of cellulose-digesting protozoans or bacteria.[2]

Etymology

Herbivore is the anglicized form of a modern Latin coinage, herbivora, cited in Charles Lyell's 1830 Principles of Geology.[3] Richard Owen employed the anglicized term in an 1854 work on fossil teeth and skeletons.[3] Herbivora is derived from the Latin herba meaning a small plant or herb,[4] and vora, from vorare, to eat or devour.[5]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Herbivoor
aragonés: Herbivorismo
asturianu: Herbívoru
azərbaycanca: Fitofaqlar
беларуская: Фітафагія
bosanski: Biljožderi
brezhoneg: Geotdebrer
català: Herbivorisme
čeština: Býložravec
Cymraeg: Llysysydd
eesti: Herbivoor
Ελληνικά: Φυτοφάγο
español: Herbívoro
Esperanto: Herbovorulo
euskara: Belarjale
føroyskt: Plantuátar
français: Herbivore
Frysk: Herbivoar
Gaeilge: Luibhiteoir
galego: Herbívoro
한국어: 초식성
hrvatski: Biljožderi
Bahasa Indonesia: Herbivor
íslenska: Jurtaæta
italiano: Erbivoro
Basa Jawa: Hèrbivor
қазақша: Фитофаг
kernowek: Gwelsdebrer
Kreyòl ayisyen: Èbivò
Latina: Herbivora
latviešu: Zālēdāji
magyar: Növényevő
മലയാളം: സസ്യഭുക്ക്
Malti: Erbivoru
मराठी: शाकाहारी
Bahasa Melayu: Maun
Nederlands: Herbivoor
नेपाली: साकाहारी
日本語: 草食動物
norsk nynorsk: Planteetar
occitan: Erbivòr
پنجابی: پتے کھانے
polski: Fitofag
português: Herbívoro
română: Erbivore
Runa Simi: Yura mikhuq
русский: Фитофагия
Scots: Yerbivore
Simple English: Herbivore
slovenčina: Bylinožravec
slovenščina: Rastlinojedec
Soomaaliga: Dhircun
српски / srpski: Биљојед
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Biljojedi
Basa Sunda: Hérbivora
svenska: Växtätare
Tagalog: Erbiboro
Türkçe: Otoburlar
українська: Рослиноїдні
Tiếng Việt: Động vật ăn cỏ
Winaray: Erbiboro
中文: 食草动物