Hera

Hera
Goddess of marriage, women, childbirth, and family
Hera Campana Louvre Ma2283.jpg
The Campana Hera, a Roman copy of a Hellenistic original, from the Louvre
AbodeMount Olympus
SymbolPomegranate, peacock feather, diadem, cow, lily, lotus, cuckoo, panther, scepter, throne, lion
MountChariot drawn by peacocks
Personal information
ConsortZeus
ChildrenAngelos, Ares, Eileithyia, Enyo, Eris, Hebe, Hephaestus
ParentsCronus and Rhea
SiblingsPoseidon, Hades, Demeter, Hestia, Zeus, Chiron
Roman equivalentJuno
Etruscan equivalentUni

Hera (ə/; Greek: Ἥρᾱ, Hērā; Ἥρη, Hērē in Ionic and Homeric Greek) is the goddess of women, marriage, family, and childbirth in ancient Greek religion and myth, one of the Twelve Olympians and the sister-wife of Zeus. She is the daughter of the Titans Cronus and Rhea. Hera rules over Mount Olympus as queen of the gods. A matronly figure, Hera served as both the patroness and protectress of married women, presiding over weddings and blessing marital unions. One of Hera's defining characteristics is her jealous and vengeful nature against Zeus' numerous lovers and illegitimate offspring, as well as the mortals who cross her.

Hera is commonly seen with the animals she considers sacred including the cow, lion and the peacock. Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the polos (a high cylindrical crown worn by several of the Great Goddesses), Hera may hold a pomegranate in her hand, emblem of fertile blood and death and a substitute for the narcotic capsule of the opium poppy.[1] Scholar of Greek mythology Walter Burkert writes in Greek Religion, "Nevertheless, there are memories of an earlier aniconic representation, as a pillar in Argos and as a plank in Samos."[2]

Her Roman counterpart is Juno.[3]

Etymology

The name of Hera has several possible and mutually exclusive etymologies; one possibility is to connect it with Greek ὥρα hōra, season, and to interpret it as ripe for marriage and according to Plato ἐρατή eratē, "beloved"[4] as Zeus is said to have married her for love.[5] According to Plutarch, Hera was an allegorical name and an anagram of aēr (ἀήρ, "air").[6] So begins the section on Hera in Walter Burkert's Greek Religion.[7] In a note, he records other scholars' arguments "for the meaning Mistress as a feminine to Heros, Master." John Chadwick, a decipherer of Linear B, remarks "her name may be connected with hērōs, ἥρως, 'hero', but that is no help, since it too is etymologically obscure."[8] A. J. van Windekens,[9] offers "young cow, heifer", which is consonant with Hera's common epithet βοῶπις (boōpis, "cow-eyed"). R. S. P. Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek origin.[10] Her name is attested in Mycenaean Greek written in the Linear B syllabic script as 𐀁𐀨, e-ra, appearing on tablets found in Pylos and Thebes.[11]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Hera
Alemannisch: Hera
العربية: هيرا
aragonés: Hera
asturianu: Hera
azərbaycanca: Hera
বাংলা: হেরা
Bân-lâm-gú: Hera
беларуская: Гера
български: Хера
Boarisch: Hera
bosanski: Hera
brezhoneg: Hera
català: Hera
čeština: Héra
Cymraeg: Hera
dansk: Hera
Deutsch: Hera
eesti: Hera
Ελληνικά: Ήρα (μυθολογία)
español: Hera
Esperanto: Hera
euskara: Hera
فارسی: هرا
français: Héra
Gaeilge: Héire
galego: Hera
한국어: 헤라
հայերեն: Հերա
हिन्दी: हीरा (देवी)
hrvatski: Hera
Ido: Hera
Bahasa Indonesia: Hera
interlingua: Hera
íslenska: Hera (gyðja)
italiano: Era (divinità)
עברית: הרה
Basa Jawa: Hera
ქართული: ჰერა
қазақша: Гера
Kiswahili: Hera
Latina: Hera
latviešu: Hēra
Lëtzebuergesch: Hera
lietuvių: Hera
magyar: Héra
македонски: Хера
മലയാളം: ഹീര
मराठी: हिअरा
مصرى: هيرا
مازِرونی: هرا
Bahasa Melayu: Hera
Nederlands: Hera
日本語: ヘーラー
norsk: Hera
norsk nynorsk: Hera
occitan: Èra
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਈਰਾ
Plattdüütsch: Hera (Mythologie)
polski: Hera
português: Hera
română: Hera
русский: Гера
Scots: Hera
shqip: Hera
Simple English: Hera
slovenčina: Héra (bohyňa)
slovenščina: Hera
српски / srpski: Хера
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hera
svenska: Hera
Tagalog: Hera
தமிழ்: எரா
татарча/tatarça: Hera
ไทย: ฮีรา
тоҷикӣ: Гера
Türkçe: Hera
українська: Гера
اردو: ہیرہ
vepsän kel’: Gera
Tiếng Việt: Hera
Winaray: Hera
吴语: 赫拉
粵語: 赫拉
Zazaki: Hera
中文: 赫拉