A heptathlon is a
There are two heptathlons – the women's heptathlon and the men's – composed of different events. The men's heptathlon is older and is held indoors, while the women's is held outdoors and was introduced in the 1980s, first appearing in the
Women's heptathlon is the combined event for women contested in the
The heptathlon has been contested by female athletes since the early 1980s, when it replaced the
There is also a
The heptathlon scoring system was devised by Dr Karl Ulbrich, a Viennese mathematician. The formulae are constructed so that, for each event, a designated "standard" performance (for example, approximately 1.82 m for the high jump) scores 1000 points. Each event also has a minimum recordable performance level (e.g. 0.75 m for the high jump), corresponding to zero points. The formulae are devised so that successive constant increments in performance correspond to gradually increasing increments in points awarded.
|100 metres hurdles||9.23076||26.7||1.835|
The events are split into three groups, and the scores are calculated according to the three formulae:
P is for points, T is for time in seconds, M is for height or length in centimeters and D is length in meters. a, b and c have different values for each of the events (see table).
The following table shows the benchmark levels needed to earn 1000, 900, 800 and 700 points in each event.
|Event||1000 pts||900 pts||800 pts||700 pts||Unit|
|100 m hurdles||13.85||14.56||15.32||16.12||Seconds|
|Event||Type||Athlete||Record||Score||Percentage /Points difference||Notes/Ref|
|100 m hurdles|
|WR||72.28 m||1295||84.26%||current 1999 model|
|HB||60.90 m||1072||−223||current 1999 model|
|WR||80.00 m||1448||80.80%||old model|
|HB||64.64 m||1145||−303||old model|