Henry Norris Russell

Henry Norris Russell
Portrait of Henry Norris Russell.jpg
Born (1877-10-25)October 25, 1877
Oyster Bay, New York, USA
Died February 18, 1957(1957-02-18) (aged 79)
Princeton, New Jersey, USA
Nationality American
Alma mater Princeton University
Known for
Scientific career
Fields Astronomy
Institutions Princeton University
Doctoral advisor Charles Augustus Young [2]
Doctoral students

Henry Norris Russell (October 25, 1877 – February 18, 1957) was an American astronomer who, along with Ejnar Hertzsprung, developed the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram (1910). In 1923, working with Frederick Saunders, he developed Russell–Saunders coupling, which is also known as LS coupling. [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10]


Russell was born in 1877 in Oyster Bay, New York. He studied astronomy at Princeton University, obtaining his B.A. In 1897 and his doctorate in 1899, studying under Charles Augustus Young. From 1903 to 1905, he worked at the Cambridge Observatory with Arthur Robert Hinks as a research assistant of the Carnegie Institution and came under the strong influence of George Darwin.

He returned to Princeton to become an instructor in astronomy (1905–1908), assistant professor (1908–1911), professor (1911–1927) and research professor (1927–1947). He was also the director of the Princeton University Observatory from 1912 to 1947. He died in Princeton, New Jersey in 1957 at the age of 79. [11]

In November 1908 Russell married Lucy May Cole (1881-1968). They had four children. Their youngest daughter, Margaret, married the astronomer Frank K. Edmondson in the 1930s.

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