Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales

Henry Frederick
Prince of Wales (more)
Henry Prince of Wales after Isaac Oliver.jpg
Portrait after Isaac Oliver, c. 1610
Born19 February 1594
Stirling Castle, Scotland
Died6 November 1612(1612-11-06) (aged 18)
St James's Palace, London
Burial8 December 1612
Westminster Abbey
HouseStuart
FatherJames VI and I
MotherAnne of Denmark
Scottish and English Royalty
House of Stuart
Coat of Arms of England (1603-1649).svg
James VI and I
Children
Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales
Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia and Electress Palatine
Princess Margaret
Charles I
Prince Robert, Duke of Kintyre
Princess Mary
Princess Sophia

Henry Frederick, Prince of Wales (19 February 1594 – 6 November 1612) was the elder son of James VI and I, King of England and Scotland, and his wife, Anne of Denmark. His name derives from his grandfathers: Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, and Frederick II of Denmark. Prince Henry was widely seen as a bright and promising heir to his father's thrones. However, at the age of 18, he predeceased his father when he died of typhoid fever. His younger brother Charles succeeded him as heir apparent to the English, Irish and Scottish thrones.

Early life

Henry was born at Stirling Castle, Scotland and became Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Carrick, Baron of Renfrew, Lord of the Isles and Prince and Great Steward of Scotland automatically on his birth. Henry's baptism on 30 August 1594 was celebrated with complex theatrical entertainments written by poet William Fowler and a ceremony in a new Chapel Royal at Stirling purpose-built by William Schaw.[1] His father placed him in the care of John Erskine, Earl of Mar at Stirling Castle, out of the care of the boy's mother, because James worried that the mother's tendency toward Catholicism might affect the son. Although the child's removal caused enormous tension between Anne and James, Henry remained under the care of Mar's family until 1603, when James became King of England and his family moved south.[2]

One of his tutors until he went to England was Sir George Lauder of the Bass, a Privy Counsellor – described as the King's "familiar councillor"[3] – and he was also tutored in music by Alfonso Ferrabosco the younger. Henry's tutor Adam Newton continued to serve the Prince in England, and some Scottish servants from Stirling were retained, including poet David Murray.[4]

Other Languages