Helsinki

Helsinki

Helsingfors
Helsingin kaupunki
Helsingfors stad
City of Helsinki
Clockwise from top: Helsinki Cathedral, view of central Helsinki, Sanoma building and Kiasma, Helsinki city centre at night, beaches at Aurinkolahti, Parliament House and Suomenlinna.
Clockwise from top: Helsinki Cathedral, view of central Helsinki, Sanoma building and Kiasma, Helsinki city centre at night, beaches at Aurinkolahti, Parliament House and Suomenlinna.
Coat of arms of Helsinki
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
Stadi, Hesa[1]
Location within the Uusimaa region and the Greater Helsinki sub-region
Location within the Uusimaa region and the Greater Helsinki sub-region
Helsinki is located in Finland
Helsinki
Helsinki
Location within Finland
Helsinki is located in Europe
Helsinki
Helsinki
Location within Europe
Helsinki is located in Earth
Helsinki
Helsinki
Location on Earth
Coordinates: 60°10′15″N 24°56′15″E / 60°10′15″N 24°56′15″E / 60.17083; 24.93750UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code(s)+358-9
Municipal tax rate[6]18.5%
Climatewww.hel.fi

Helsinki (i/;[7][8] Finnish: [ˈhelsiŋki] (About this soundlisten); Swedish: Helsingfors [hɛlsɪŋˈfɔʂː] (About this soundlisten)) is the capital city and most populous municipality of Finland. Located on the shore of the Gulf of Finland, it is the seat of the region of Uusimaa in southern Finland, and has a population of 648,650.[9] The city's urban area has a population of 1,268,296,[10] making it by far the most populous urban area in Finland as well as the country's most important center for politics, education, finance, culture, and research. Helsinki is located 80 kilometres (50 mi) north of Tallinn, Estonia, 400 km (250 mi) east of Stockholm, Sweden, and 390 km (240 mi) west of Saint Petersburg, Russia. It has close historical ties with these three cities.

Together with the cities of Espoo, Vantaa, and Kauniainen, and surrounding commuter towns,[11] Helsinki forms the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which has a population of nearly 1.5 million. Often considered to be Finland's only metropolis, it is the world's northernmost metro area with over one million people as well as the northernmost capital of an EU member state. After Stockholm and Oslo, Helsinki is the third largest city in the Nordic countries. The city is served by the international Helsinki Airport, located in the neighboring city of Vantaa, with frequent service to many destinations in Europe and Asia.

Helsinki was the World Design Capital for 2012,[12] the venue for the 1952 Summer Olympics, and the host of the 52nd Eurovision Song Contest.

Helsinki has one of the highest urban standards of living in the world. In 2011, the British magazine Monocle ranked Helsinki the world's most liveable city in its liveable cities index.[13] In the Economist Intelligence Unit's 2016 liveability survey, Helsinki was ranked ninth among 140 cities.[14]

Etymology

According to a theory presented in the 1630s, settlers from Hälsingland in central Sweden had arrived to what is now known as the Vantaa River and called it Helsingå ("Helsinge River"), which gave rise to the names of Helsinge village and church in the 1300s.[15] This theory is questionable, because dialect research suggests that the settlers arrived from Uppland and nearby areas.[16] Others have proposed the name as having been derived from the Swedish word helsing, an archaic form of the word hals (neck), referring to the narrowest part of a river, the rapids.[17] Other Scandinavian cities at similar geographic locations were given similar names at the time, e.g. Helsingør in Denmark and Helsingborg in Sweden.

When a town was founded in Forsby village in 1548, it was named Helsinge fors, "Helsinge rapids". The name refers to the Vanhankaupunginkoski rapids at the mouth of the river.[18] The town was commonly known as Helsinge or Helsing, from which the contemporary Finnish name arose.[19]

Official Finnish Government documents and Finnish language newspapers have used the name Helsinki since 1819, when the Senate of Finland moved itself into the city from Turku. The decrees issued in Helsinki were dated with Helsinki as the place of issue. This is how the form Helsinki came to be used in written Finnish.[20] As part of the Grand Duchy of Finland in the Russian Empire, Helsinki was known as Gelsingfors in Russian.

In Helsinki slang, the city is called Stadi (from the Swedish word stad, meaning "city"). Hesa (short for Helsinki), is not used by natives of the city.[1][21] Helsset is the Northern Sami name of Helsinki.[22]

Other Languages
Acèh: Hèlsinki
Afrikaans: Helsinki
Alemannisch: Helsinki
አማርኛ: ሄልሲንኪ
Ænglisc: Helsinki
العربية: هلسنكي
aragonés: Helsinki
ܐܪܡܝܐ: ܗܠܣܢܩܝ
asturianu: Ḥelsinki
Aymar aru: Helsinki
azərbaycanca: Helsinki
Bân-lâm-gú: Helsinki
башҡортса: Хельсинки
беларуская: Хельсінкі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Хэльсынкі
български: Хелзинки
Boarisch: Helsinki
བོད་ཡིག: ཧེལ་སིན་ཀི།
bosanski: Helsinki
brezhoneg: Helsinki
català: Hèlsinki
Чӑвашла: Хельсинки
čeština: Helsinky
Chi-Chewa: Helsinki
chiShona: Helsinki
corsu: Helsinki
Cymraeg: Helsinki
dansk: Helsinki
davvisámegiella: Helsset
Deutsch: Helsinki
dolnoserbski: Helsinki
eesti: Helsingi
Ελληνικά: Ελσίνκι
español: Helsinki
Esperanto: Helsinko
estremeñu: Helsinki
euskara: Helsinki
eʋegbe: Helsinki
فارسی: هلسینکی
Fiji Hindi: Helsinki
føroyskt: Helsinki
français: Helsinki
Frysk: Helsinky
Gaeilge: Heilsincí
Gaelg: Helsinki
Gagauz: Helsinki
Gàidhlig: Helsinki
galego: Helsinqui
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Helsinki
한국어: 헬싱키
Hausa: Helsinki
հայերեն: Հելսինկի
हिन्दी: हेलसिंकी
hornjoserbsce: Helsinki
hrvatski: Helsinki
Bahasa Indonesia: Helsinki
interlingua: Helsinki
Interlingue: Helsinki
isiZulu: Helsinki
íslenska: Helsinki
italiano: Helsinki
עברית: הלסינקי
Basa Jawa: Helsinki
kalaallisut: Helsinki
ქართული: ჰელსინკი
kaszëbsczi: Helsinki
қазақша: Хельсинки
kernowek: Helsinki
Kiswahili: Helsinki
Kreyòl ayisyen: Èlzinki
kurdî: Helsînkî
Кыргызча: Хельсинки
кырык мары: Хельсинки
Ladino: Helsinki
لۊری شومالی: هیلسینکی
latviešu: Helsinki
Lëtzebuergesch: Helsinki
lietuvių: Helsinkis
Ligure: Helsinki
Limburgs: Helsinki
lingála: Helsinki
Livvinkarjala: Helsinki
Luganda: Helsinki
lumbaart: Helsinki
magyar: Helsinki
македонски: Хелсинки
Malagasy: Helsinki
മലയാളം: ഹെൽസിങ്കി
Malti: Ħelsinki
Māori: Helsinki
मराठी: हेलसिंकी
მარგალური: ჰელსინკი
Bahasa Melayu: Helsinki
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Helsinki
мокшень: Хельсинки
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဟယ်လ်ဆင်ကီမြို့
Dorerin Naoero: Helsinki
Nederlands: Helsinki
नेपाली: हेल्सिन्की
日本語: ヘルシンキ
нохчийн: Хельсинки
Nordfriisk: Helsinki
Norfuk / Pitkern: Helsinki
norsk nynorsk: Helsingfors
Nouormand: Ĥelsinqùi
Novial: Helsinki
occitan: Helsinki
олык марий: Хельсинки
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Helsinki
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹੈਲਸਿੰਕੀ
پنجابی: ہیلسنکی
Papiamentu: Helsinki
Patois: Elsingki
Перем Коми: Хельсинки
Picard: Helsinki
Piemontèis: Helsinki
Plattdüütsch: Helsinki
polski: Helsinki
português: Helsínquia
Qaraqalpaqsha: Xelsinki
qırımtatarca: Helsinki
română: Helsinki
rumantsch: Helsinki
Runa Simi: Helsinki
русский: Хельсинки
саха тыла: Хельсинки
sardu: Helsinki
Scots: Helsinki
Seeltersk: Helsinki
Sesotho: Helsinki
shqip: Helsinki
sicilianu: Helsinki
Simple English: Helsinki
سنڌي: هلسنڪي
slovenčina: Helsinki
slovenščina: Helsinki
ślůnski: Helsinki
Soomaaliga: Helsinki
کوردی: ھێلسینکی
српски / srpski: Хелсинки
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Helsinki
Basa Sunda: Hélsinki
suomi: Helsinki
svenska: Helsingfors
Taqbaylit: Helsinki
татарча/tatarça: Һельсинки
тоҷикӣ: Ҳелсинкӣ
Türkçe: Helsinki
Türkmençe: Helsinki
удмурт: Хельсинки
українська: Гельсінкі
اردو: ہلسنکی
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Xélsinki
vèneto: Helsinki
vepsän kel’: Hel'sinki
Tiếng Việt: Helsinki
Volapük: Helsinki
Võro: Helsingi
Winaray: Helsinki
Wolof: Elsinki
吴语: 赫尔辛基
ייִדיש: העלסינקי
Yorùbá: Helsinki
粵語: 赫爾辛基
Zazaki: Helsinki
žemaitėška: Helsėnkis
中文: 赫尔辛基