Help:IPA/Korean

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Korean language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. It is based on the standard dialect of South Korea.

See Korean phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Korean.

Korean consonants
IPAHangulRREnglish approximation
b[1]bball
d[2]ddoll
[3]jroughly like gee, Japanese ji
ɡ[4]ggall, Spanish amigo
hhhall
j[ㅛ, ㅠ,ㅑ,ㅕ,
ㅖ, ㅒ][5]
yyou
kㄱ, [ㅋ][6]g, kkid
kkskin
ㅋ, [ㅎㄱ]kcup
lㄹ, [ㄴ][7]llip
mㅁ, ㅂ[8]mmall
n
[ㄹ, ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ][9]
nnot
ŋㅇ, [ㄱ][10]ngking
pㅂ, [ㅍ][11]b, ppaint
ppspit
ㅍ, [ㅎㅂ]ppaint
ɾrlike Scottish r or American ladder
sslike see, but aspirated, with more breath
sssee
ɕ[12]sroughly like she, Mandarin xi
ɕ͈[13]sssee
t
[ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ][14]
d
t
tall
ttstall
ㅌ, [ㅎㄷ]ttall
jroughly like cheek, Japanese chi
tɕ͈jjroughly like picture, Mandarin ji
tɕʰㅊ, [ㅎㅈ]chroughly like cheek, Mandarin qi
w[ㅜ, ㅗ][15]wwall
Korean vowels and diphthongs
IPAHangulRREnglish approximation
aabot, box
spa
eeset, Spanish queso
says, Brazilian Portuguese peixes
ɛaebet, Italian bella
ɛːrays, French fête
iimean
oocore
øoeweld
øː
uumoon
ʌeomud, yawn
əːpearl (RP), with spread lips
ɯeusomewhat like book; moon but without rounded lips , Mandarin si
ɯː
ɰiuilike wee but with spread lips, French huit but with spread lips

Notes

  1. ^ Allophone of /p/ between voiced sounds.
  2. ^ Allophone of /t/ between voiced sounds.
  3. ^ Allophone of /tɕ/ between voiced sounds.
  4. ^ Allophone of /k/ between voiced sounds.
  5. ^ Spelled by doubling the short line on the vowel.
  6. ^ ㅋ is [k] at the end of a syllable.
  7. ^ ㄹ is [l] at the end of a syllable. ㄹㄴ and ㄴㄹ may be [l:].
  8. ^ ㅂ is [m] before [n] or [m].
  9. ^ ㄹ may be [n] at the start of a word. ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ are [n] before [n] or [m].
  10. ^ ㅇ is [ŋ] at the end of a syllable. ㄱ is [ŋ] before [n], [m], or [ɾ].
  11. ^ ㅍ is [p] at the end of a syllable.
  12. ^ Allophone of /s/ before /i/ and /j/.
  13. ^ Allophone of /s͈/ before /i/ and /j/.
  14. ^ All are [t] and RR t at the end of a syllable.
  15. ^ Spelled ㅜ before [ʌ], [e], [i]; ㅗ before [ɛ], [a]; ㅚ [ø] can also be pronounced [we]