Help:IPA/Korean

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Korean language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. It is based on the standard dialect of South Korea.

See Korean phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Korean.

Korean consonants
IPAHangulRREnglish approximation
b[a]bball
d[a]ddoll
dz[b]jbeds
[a]jroughly like gee
ɡ[a]ggall
hhhall
ɦ[a]hahead
j[ㅛ, ㅠ,ㅑ,ㅕ,
ㅖ, ㅒ][c]
yyou
kㄱ, [ㅋ][d]g, kcup
kkskin
ㅋ, [ㅎㄱ]kcup
lㄹ, [ㄴ][e]llip
mㅁ, [ㅂ][f]mmall
n
[ㄹ, ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ][g]
nnot
ŋㅇ, [ㄱ][h]ngking
p, [ㅍ][i]b, ppaint
ppspit
, [ㅎㅂ]ppaint
ɾrlike Scottish r or American ladder
sslike see, but aspirated, with more breath
sssee
ɕ[j]sroughly like she
ɕ͈[j]sssee
t
[ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ][k]
d
t
tall
ttstall
, [ㅎㄷ]ttall
ts[b]jcats
ts͈[b]jjcats
tsʰ[b]ㅊ, [ㅎㅈ]chmitts
jroughly like cheek
tɕ͈jjroughly like pitcher
tɕʰㅊ, [ㅎㅈ]chroughly like cheek
w[ㅜ, ㅗ][l]wwall
z[a]slike zee, but murmured, with more breath
ʑ[m]sroughly like illusion
Korean vowels and diphthongs
IPAHangulRREnglish approximation
aabot
spa
eeset
says
ɛaebet
ɛːrays
iimean
oocore
øoeweld
øː
uumoon
ʌeomud
əːSomewhat like pearl
ɯeusomewhat like book
ɯː
ɰiuiSomewhat like we

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f The plain stops and affricate /p t tɕ k/ and the fricatives /h s/ are voiced to [b d dʑ ɡ ɦ z] respectively between voiced sounds.
  2. ^ a b c d [ts ts͈ tsʰ dz] occur before back vowels.
  3. ^ /j/ is spelled by doubling the short line on the vowel.
  4. ^ ㅋ is [k] at the end of a syllable.
  5. ^ ㄹ is [l] at the end of a syllable. ㄹㄴ and ㄴㄹ may be [l:].
  6. ^ ㅂ is [m] before [n] or [m].
  7. ^ ㄹ may be [n] at the start of a word. ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ are [n] before [n] or [m].
  8. ^ ㅇ is [ŋ] at the end of a syllable. ㄱ is [ŋ] before [n], [m], or [ɾ].
  9. ^ ㅍ is [p] at the end of a syllable.
  10. ^ a b [ɕ ɕ͈] are the allophones of /s s͈/ before /i/ and /j/.
  11. ^ ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ are [t] and RR t at the end of a syllable.
  12. ^ [w] is spelled ㅜ before [ʌ], [e], [i]; ㅗ before [ɛ], [a]; ㅚ [ø] can also be pronounced [we].
  13. ^ [ʑ] is the allophone of /z/ before /i/ and /j/.