Help:IPA/Catalan

The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Catalan language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-ca}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.

Key for Eastern and Western Catalan

Two Catalan varieties are covered here: Standard Catalan (C)—based in Central Catalonia, encompassing most Eastern Catalan features—and Standard Valencian (V)—based in Southern Valencia, encompassing most Western Catalan features. Standard Catalan is preferred on Wikipedia because it is the most prestigious and neutral variety. However, wherever clearly more relevant (for instance, in the case of a Valencian artist), Standard Valencian pronunciation should be transcribed instead.

See Catalan phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Catalan, and Catalan orthography for the correspondence between spelling and pronunciation.

IPA Consonants
Catalonia
C
Valencian Community
V
Examples English approximation
b b bell, àmbit, capgròs[1] best
v vell, envit[1][2] best (C), vest (V)
β avanç, selva[3] a vest
b abans, arbre[3] a vest (C), the best (V)
d drac, indret, ritme[1] door
dz dz tretze, tots alhora[1] pads
z utilitza pads (C), zebra (V)
joc, gespa jeep
ð cada, lladre[3] other
f força, bafs, salv face
ɡ guant, angle, guiar, ècdisi[1] get
ɣ aigües, agrat, lloguer[3] roughly like get
k cors, quan, qui, llarg, kiwi scan
l laca, cel·la,[4] val[5] US look – dark l
ʎ cella,[4] Elx[5] billion
m meu, canvi[5] mode
n neu, dansa[5] need
ɲ nyeu, penges[5] onion
ŋ sang, cigne[5] ring
p por, dubte span
r ruc, mirra, honra[6] Scots rooktrilled r
ɾ mira, truc, per[6] US ladder
s set, es sack
ʃ caixa fish (C), geisha (V)
ʃ Xixona, guix fish
xec, Barx fish (C), cheap (V)
t terra, fred stand
ts potser, tots cats
txec, mig cheap
v hafni, bafs d'aigua[1] of
z zel, esma[1] zebra
ʒ mitjà, migdia[1] rouge (C), jeep (V)
j jo rouge (C), young (V)
caixmir, peix blanc[1] rouge (C), beige (V)
ʒ guix verd[1] rouge
IPA Marginal consonants
h Hawaii, ehem[7] ham
θ Smith, Pozo thing
x kharja, Bach, Jaén Scots loch
 
IPA Semivowels[8]
Catalonia
C
Valencian Community
V
Examples English approximation
j iogurt, llei, posa-hi y oung
w quatre, Güell, lleu, posa-ho quick
IPA Vowels
Catalonia
C
Valencian Community
V
Examples English approximation
a sac, ànecs father
ɛ ɛ set, èxit pet (C), pat (V)
e sec, què[9] pet (C), face (V)
e séc, anells, ídem[10] face
ə de[11] alpha (C), face (V)
a fadrí, entens[11] alpha (C), father (V)
i naixement alpha (C), meet (V)
i sic, ties, fillet[11] meet
ɔ soc, això off
o o sóc, molt, ego, mouré[10] US crow
u oratge[11] rule (C), US crow (V)
u suc, dues, fullet, cobert[11] rule
 
IPA Suprasegmentals
Catalonia
C
Valencian Community
V
Examples Explanation
ˈ dac [ˈdiðək] (C) / [ˈdiðak] (V) primary stress
ˌ Bellpuig [ˌbeʎˈputʃ] (C / V) secondary stress
. Maria [məˈɾi.ə] (C) / [maˈɾi.a] (V) syllable break
ː Imma [ˈimːə] (C) / [ˈimːa] (V) long vowel / consonant
IPA Other representations
( ) Corts [ˈkoɾ(t)s] (C / V) optional sound