Helmuth von Moltke the Elder


Helmuth von Moltke the Elder
Helmuth Karl Bernhard von Moltke.jpg
Chief of the German General Staff
In office
18 January 1871 – 10 August 1888
ChancellorOtto von Bismarck
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byAlfred von Waldersee
Personal details
Born(1800-10-26)26 October 1800
Parchim, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin in the Holy Roman Empire
Died24 April 1891(1891-04-24) (aged 90)
Berlin, Province of Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia in the German Empire
Awardssee below
Military service
Nickname(s)Moltke the Elder (Moltke der Ältere)
The Great Silent One (Der große Schweiger)
Allegiance Denmark–Norway
 Kingdom of Prussia
 German Empire
Ottoman Empire
Service/branch Prussian Army
 Imperial German Army
Years of service1819–88
RankField Marshal
Battles/warsSecond Schleswig War
Austro-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
Battle of Nezib

Helmuth Karl Bernhard Graf[1] von Moltke (German: [ˈhɛlmuːt fɔn ˈmɔltkə]; 26 October 1800 - 24 April 1891) was a German field marshal. The chief of staff of the Prussian Army for thirty years, he is regarded as the creator of a new, more modern method of directing armies in the field. He is described as embodying "Prussian military organization and tactical genius."[2] He is often referred to as Moltke the Elder to distinguish him from his nephew Helmuth Johann Ludwig von Moltke, who commanded the German Army at the outbreak of World War I.

Early life

Moltke was born in Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, son of the German Generalleutnant in Danish service Friedrich Philipp Victor von Moltke (1768–1845). In 1805, his father settled in Holstein, but about the same time was left impoverished when the French burned his country house and plundered his town house in Lübeck, where his wife and children were during the War of the Fourth Coalition of 1806-1807. Young Moltke therefore grew up under difficult circumstances. At nine he was sent as a boarder to Hohenfelde in Holstein, and at age twelve went to the cadet school at Copenhagen, being destined for the Danish army and court. In 1818 he became a page to the king of Denmark and a second lieutenant in a Danish infantry regiment.

At twenty-one Moltke resolved to enter the Prussian service, in spite of the loss of seniority. In 1822 he became a second lieutenant in the 8th Infantry Regiment stationed at Frankfurt an der Oder. At twenty-three he was allowed to enter the general war school (later called the Prussian Military Academy), where he studied the full three years, graduating in 1826.

Other Languages
português: Helmuth von Moltke
کوردی: مۆلتکە