Helmuth von Moltke the Elder

Helmuth von Moltke the Elder
Helmuth Karl Bernhard von Moltke.jpg
Chief of the German General Staff
In office
18 January 1871 – 10 August 1888
Chancellor Otto von Bismarck
Preceded by Position established
Succeeded by Alfred von Waldersee
Personal details
Born (1800-10-26)26 October 1800
Parchim, Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Holy Roman Empire
Died 24 April 1891(1891-04-24) (aged 90)
Berlin, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire
Awards see below
Military service
Nickname(s) Moltke the Elder (Moltke der Ältere)
The Great Silent One (Der große Schweiger)
Allegiance Denmark–Norway
  Kingdom of Prussia
  German Empire
Service/branch   Prussian Army
  Imperial German Army
Years of service 1819–88
Rank Field Marshal
Battles/wars Second Schleswig War
Austro-Prussian War
Franco-Prussian War
Battle of Nezib

Helmuth Karl Bernhard Graf [1] von Moltke (26 October 1800, Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin – 24 April 1891, Berlin) was a German Field Marshal. The chief of staff of the Prussian Army for thirty years, he is regarded as the creator of a new, more modern method of directing armies in the field. He is described as embodying "Prussian military organization and tactical genius". [2] He is often referred to as Moltke the Elder to distinguish him from his nephew Helmuth Johann Ludwig von Moltke, who commanded the German Army at the outbreak of World War I.In 1835 on his promotion as captain, Moltke obtained six months leave to travel in south-eastern Europe. After a short stay in Constantinople he was requested by the Sultan Mahmud II to help modernize the Ottoman Empire army, and being duly authorized from Berlin he accepted the offer. He remained two years at Constantinople, learned Turkish and surveyed the city of Constantinople, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles. He travelled through Wallachia, Bulgaria and Rumelia, and made many other journeys on both sides of the Strait.

Early life

Moltke was born in Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, son of the Danish Generalleutnant Friedrich Philipp Victor von Moltke (1768–1845). In 1805, his father settled in Holstein, but about the same time was left impoverished when the French burned his country house and plundered his town house in Lübeck, where his wife and children were during the Fourth Coalition. Young Moltke therefore grew up under difficult circumstances. At nine he was sent as a boarder to Hohenfelde in Holstein, and at age twelve went to the cadet school at Copenhagen, being destined for the Danish army and court. In 1818 he became a page to the king of Denmark and a second lieutenant in a Danish infantry regiment.

At twenty-one Moltke resolved to enter the Prussian service, in spite of the loss of seniority. In 1822 he became a second lieutenant in the 8th Infantry Regiment stationed at Frankfurt (Oder). At twenty-three, he was allowed to enter the general war school (later called the Prussian Military Academy), where he studied the full three years and passed in 1826.

Other Languages
português: Helmuth von Moltke
کوردی: مۆلتکە