Helios

Helios
Personification of the Sun
Head Helios AM Rhodes E49.jpg
Head of Helios, middle period, Archaeological Museum of Rhodes
AbodeSky
SymbolChariot, horse, aureole, rooster, incense, heliotrope, sunflower
Personal information
ConsortMany including: Clymene, Klytie, Perse, Rhodos, and Leucothea
ChildrenMany including: The Charites, Phaethon, The Horae, Aeëtes, Circe, Perses (brother of Aeëtes), Pasiphaë, Heliadae, Heliades, Phaethusa and Lampetia
ParentsHyperion and Theia
SiblingsSelene, Eos
Roman equivalentSol
Hinduism equivalentSurya[1]

Helios (s/; Ancient Greek: Ἥλιος Hēlios; Latinized as Helius; Ἠέλιος in Homeric Greek) is the god and personification of the Sun in Greek mythology. He is the son of the Titan Hyperion and the Titaness Theia (according to Hesiod), also known as Euryphaessa (in Homeric Hymn 31) and brother of the goddesses Selene, the moon, and Eos, the dawn.

Helios was described as a handsome young man crowned with the shining aureole of the Sun, who drove the chariot of the sun across the sky each day to earth-circling Oceanus and through the world-ocean returned to the East at night. In the Homeric Hymn to Helios, Helios is said to drive a golden chariot drawn by steeds (HH 31.14–15); and Pindar speaks of Helios's "fire-darting steeds" (Olympian Ode 7.71). Still later, the horses were given fire related names: Pyrois, Aeos, Aethon, and Phlegon.

The equivalent of Helios in Roman mythology was Sol, and his Etruscan mythology one Usil.

Etymology

The Greek ἥλιος is the inherited word for the Sun, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂u-el,[2] which is cognate with Latin sol, Sanskrit surya, Old English swegl, Old Norse sól, Welsh haul, Avestan hvar, etc.[3] The name Helen is thought to share this etymology,[4][5][6][7] and may express an early alternate personification of the sun among Hellenic peoples.

The female offspring of Helios were called Heliades. The Greek sun god had various bynames or epithets, which over time in some cases came to be considered separate deities associated with the Sun. Most notably, Helios is closely associated with, and sometimes consciously identified with, Apollo.

Among these is Hyperion (superus, "high up"), Elektor (of uncertain derivation, often translated as "beaming" or "radiant", especially in the combination elektor Hyperion), Phaëton "the radiant", Hekatos (of Apollo, also Hekatebolos "far-shooter", i.e. the sun's rays considered as arrows).

Diodorus Siculus of Sicily reported that the Chaldeans called Cronus (Saturn) by the name Helios, or the sun, and he explained that this was because Saturn was the most conspicuous of the planets.[8]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Helios
Alemannisch: Helios
asturianu: Helios
azərbaycanca: Helios
বাংলা: হেলিয়স
беларуская: Геліяс
български: Хелиос
bosanski: Helije
brezhoneg: Helios
català: Hèlios
čeština: Hélios
Cymraeg: Helios
dansk: Helios
Deutsch: Helios
eesti: Helios
español: Helios
Esperanto: Helios
euskara: Helios
فارسی: هلیوس
français: Hélios
Frysk: Helios
galego: Helios
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌿𐍃
한국어: 헬리오스
հայերեն: Հելիոս
hrvatski: Helije
Ido: Helios
Bahasa Indonesia: Helios
íslenska: Helíos
עברית: הליוס
ქართული: ჰელიოსი
қазақша: Гелиос
Latina: Helius
lietuvių: Helijas
magyar: Héliosz
македонски: Хелиј (митологија)
मराठी: हेलिऑस
Nederlands: Helios
日本語: ヘーリオス
norsk: Helios
norsk nynorsk: Helios
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gelios
português: Hélio (mitologia)
română: Helios
русский: Гелиос
Scots: Helios
shqip: Heliu
Simple English: Helios
slovenčina: Hélios
slovenščina: Helij (mitologija)
српски / srpski: Хелије
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Helios
suomi: Helios
svenska: Helios
Türkçe: Helios
українська: Геліос
Tiếng Việt: Helios
Winaray: Helios
中文: 赫利俄斯