Helios

Helios
God of the Sun
Budapest Széchenyi-Bad Eingangshalle Kuppel 4.JPG
Helios and chariot depicted on the dome of the entrance hall of the Széchenyi Bath, Budapest.
AbodeSky
SymbolChariot, horse, aureole, rooster, powdered incense, heliotrope, sunflower
Personal information
ConsortMany including: Clymene, Klytie, Perse, Rhodos, and Leucothea
ChildrenMany including: The Charites, Phaethon, The Horae, Aeëtes, Circe, Perses (brother of Aeëtes), Pasiphaë, Heliadae, Heliades, Phaethusa and Lampetia
ParentsHyperion and Theia
SiblingsSelene, Eos
Greek equivalentZeus, Apollo
Roman equivalentSol
Hinduism equivalentIndra, Surya[1]

Helios, also Helius (s/; Ancient Greek: Ἥλιος Hēlios; Latinized as Helius; Ἠέλιος in Homeric Greek), in Ancient Greek religion and myth, is the god and personification of the Sun, often depicted in art with a radiant crown and driving a horse-drawn chariot through the sky.

Though Helios was a relatively minor deity in Classical Greece, his worship grew more prominent in late antiquity thanks to his identification with several major solar divinities of the Roman period, particularly Apollo and Sol. The Roman Emperor Julian made Helios the central divinity of his short-lived revival of traditional Roman religious practices in the 4th century AD.

Helios figures prominently in several works of Greek mythology, poetry, and literature, in which he is often described as the son of the Titans Hyperion and Theia, and brother of the goddesses Selene (the Moon) and Eos (the dawn).

Etymology

The Greek ἥλιος is the inherited word for the Sun, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂u-el,[2] which is cognate with Latin sol, Sanskrit surya, Old English swegl, Old Norse sól, Welsh haul, Avestan hvar, etc.[3] The name Helen is thought to share this etymology,[4][5][6][7] and may express an early alternate personification of the sun among Hellenic peoples.

The female offspring of Helios were called Heliades. The Greek sun god had various bynames or epithets, which over time in some cases came to be considered separate deities associated with the Sun. Among these is Hyperion (superus, "high up"), Elektor (of uncertain derivation, often translated as "beaming" or "radiant", especially in the combination elektor Hyperion), Phaëton "the radiant", Terpsimbrotos ("gladdens mortals"), and Hekatos (also Hekatebolos "far-shooter", i.e. the sun's rays considered as arrows).

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Helios
Alemannisch: Helios
asturianu: Helios
azərbaycanca: Helios
বাংলা: হেলিয়স
беларуская: Геліяс
български: Хелиос
bosanski: Helije
brezhoneg: Helios
català: Hèlios
Чӑвашла: Гелиос
čeština: Hélios
Cymraeg: Helios
dansk: Helios
Deutsch: Helios
eesti: Helios
español: Helios
Esperanto: Helio (dio)
euskara: Helios
فارسی: هلیوس
français: Hélios
Frysk: Helios
galego: Helios
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌿𐍃
한국어: 헬리오스
հայերեն: Հելիոս
hrvatski: Helije
Ido: Helios
Bahasa Indonesia: Helios
íslenska: Helíos
עברית: הליוס
ქართული: ჰელიოსი
қазақша: Гелиос
Latina: Helius
lietuvių: Helijas
magyar: Héliosz
македонски: Хелиј (митологија)
मराठी: हेलिऑस
Nederlands: Helios
日本語: ヘーリオス
norsk: Helios
norsk nynorsk: Helios
occitan: Elios
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gelios
português: Hélio (mitologia)
română: Helios
русский: Гелиос
Scots: Helios
shqip: Heliu
Simple English: Helios
slovenčina: Hélios
slovenščina: Helij (mitologija)
српски / srpski: Хелије
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Helios
suomi: Helios
svenska: Helios
Türkçe: Helios
українська: Геліос
Tiếng Việt: Helios
Winaray: Helios
中文: 赫利俄斯