Hedonism

Hedonism is a school of thought that argues that pleasure and happiness are the primary or most important intrinsic goods and the aim of human life. [1] A hedonist strives to maximize net pleasure (pleasure minus pain), but when having finally gained that pleasure, either through intrinsic or extrinsic goods, happiness remains stationary.

Ethical hedonism is the idea that all people have the right to do everything in their power to achieve the greatest amount of pleasure possible to them. It is also the idea that every person's pleasure should far surpass their amount of pain. Ethical hedonism is said to have been started by Aristippus of Cyrene, a student of Socrates. He held the idea that pleasure is the highest good. [2]

Hedonism is a sub-philosophy of utilitarianism, which says to act in a way that maximizes utility. Hedonists equate pleasure with utility and believe that pleasure is the master of all humankind, and acts as the ultimate life goal. Hedonists believe that there are only two motivators of human action, pleasure and pain, and that decisions should only be made to further our pleasurable experiences and minimize or completely eliminate our painful ones. [3]

Etymology and lexicon

The name derives from the Greek word for "delight" (ἡδονισμός hēdonismos from ἡδονή hēdonē "pleasure", cognate[ according to whom?] with English sweet + suffix -ισμός -ismos " ism"). An extremely strong aversion to hedonism is hedonophobia.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Hedonisme
العربية: مذهب المتعة
azərbaycanca: Hedonizm
беларуская: Геданізм
български: Хедонизъм
bosanski: Hedonizam
català: Hedonisme
čeština: Hédonismus
dansk: Hedonisme
Deutsch: Hedonismus
eesti: Hedonism
español: Hedonismo
Esperanto: Hedonismo
euskara: Hedonismo
فارسی: هدونیسم
français: Hédonisme
贛語: 享樂主義
한국어: 쾌락주의
Հայերեն: Հեդոնիզմ
hrvatski: Hedonizam
Bahasa Indonesia: Hedonisme
íslenska: Sældarhyggja
italiano: Edonismo
עברית: נהנתנות
Basa Jawa: Hedonisme
қазақша: Гедонизм
Кыргызча: Гедонизм
Latina: Hedonismus
latviešu: Hedonisms
lietuvių: Hedonizmas
magyar: Hedonizmus
Bahasa Melayu: Hedonisme
Nederlands: Hedonisme
日本語: 快楽主義
norsk: Hedonisme
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gedonizm
Patois: Iidonizim
polski: Hedonizm
português: Hedonismo
română: Hedonism
русский: Гедонизм
Scots: Hedonism
shqip: Hedonizmi
Simple English: Hedonism
slovenčina: Hedonizmus
српски / srpski: Хедонизам
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Hedonizam
suomi: Hedonismi
svenska: Hedonism
Türkçe: Hazcılık
українська: Гедонізм
Zazaki: Hedonizm
中文: 享樂主義