Hawaii

State of Hawaii
Mokuʻāina o Hawaiʻi  (Hawaiian)
Flag of HawaiiState seal of Hawaii
FlagSeal
Nickname(s): The Aloha State (official), Paradise of the Pacific,[1] The Islands of Aloha
Motto(s): Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono
("The Life of the Land is Perpetuated in Righteousness")[2]
State song(s): "ʻī
(Hawaiʻi's Own True Sons)[3]"
Map of the United States with Hawaii highlighted
Official languageEnglish, Hawaiian
DemonymHawaiian[a]
Capital
(and largest city)
Honolulu
Largest metroIsland of Oʻahu
AreaRanked 43rd
 • Total10,931 sq mi
(28,311 km2)
 • Widthn/a miles (n/a km)
 • Length1,522 miles (2,450 km)
 • % water41.2
 • Latitude18° 55′ N to 28° 27′ N
 • Longitude154° 48′ W to 178° 22′ W
PopulationRanked 40th
 • Total1,427,538 (2017 est.)[4]
 • Density221/sq mi  (82.6/km2)
Ranked 13th
 • Median household income$64,514[5] (12th)
Elevation
 • Highest pointMauna Kea[6][7][8][9]
13,796 ft (4205.0 m)
 • Mean3,030 ft  (920 m)
 • Lowest pointPacific Ocean[7]
Sea level
Before statehoodTerritory of Hawaii
Admission to UnionAugust 21, 1959 (50th)
GovernorDavid Ige (D)
Lieutenant GovernorDoug Chin (D)
LegislatureState Legislature
 • Upper houseSenate
 • Lower houseHouse of Representatives
U.S. Senators
U.S. House delegation1: Colleen Hanabusa (D)
2: Tulsi Gabbard (D) (list)
Time zoneHawaii: UTC −10
(no DST)
ISO 3166US-HI
AbbreviationsHI, H.I.
Websitewww.hawaii.gov
Hawaii state symbols
Flag of Hawaii.svg
Seal of the State of Hawaii.svg
Living insignia
BirdNene
FishHumuhumunukunukuāpuaʻa
FlowerPua aloalo
InsectPulelehua
TreeKukui tree
Inanimate insignia
DanceHula
FoodKalo (taro)
GemstoneʻĒkaha kū moana (black coral)
OtherHeʻe nalu (surfing) (state individual sport)
State route marker
Hawaii state route marker
State quarter
Hawaii quarter dollar coin
Released in 2008
Lists of United States state symbols

Hawaii (i/ (About this sound listen) WY-ee; Hawaiian: Hawaiʻi [həˈvɐjʔi]) is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States, having received statehood on August 21, 1959.[10] Hawaii is the only U.S. state located in Oceania, the only U.S. state located outside North America, and the only one composed entirely of islands. It is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an archipelago in the central Pacific Ocean.[11]

The state encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian archipelago, which comprises hundreds of islands spread over 1,500 miles (2,400 km). At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight main islands are—in order from northwest to southeast: ʻihau, ʻi, ʻahu, ʻi, ʻi, ʻolawe, Maui, and the ʻi. The last is the largest island in the group; it is often called the "Big Island" or "Hawaiʻi Island" to avoid confusion with the state or archipelago. The archipelago is physiographically and ethnologically part of the Polynesian subregion of Oceania.

Hawaii's diverse natural scenery, warm tropical climate, abundance of public beaches, oceanic surroundings, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and volcanologists. Because of its central location in the Pacific and 19th-century labor migration, Hawaii's culture is strongly influenced by North American and East Asian cultures, in addition to its indigenous Hawaiian culture. Hawaii has over a million permanent residents, along with many visitors and U.S. military personnel. Its capital is Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu.

Hawaii is the 8th-smallest and the 11th-least populous, but the 13th-most densely populated of the 50 U.S. states. It is the only state with an Asian plurality. The state's oceanic coastline is about 750 miles (1,210 km) long, the fourth longest in the U.S. after the coastlines of Alaska, Florida, and California.

Etymology

The state of Hawaii derives its name from the name of its largest island, ʻi. A common Hawaiian explanation of the name of Hawaiʻi is that was named for ʻiloa, a legendary figure from Hawaiian myth. He is said to have discovered the islands when they were first settled.[12][13]

The Hawaiian language word Hawaiʻi is very similar to Proto-Polynesian *Sawaiki, with the reconstructed meaning "homeland".[14] Cognates of Hawaiʻi are found in other Polynesian languages, including Māori (Hawaiki), Rarotongan (ʻAvaiki) and Samoan (ʻi) . According to linguists Pukui and Elbert,[15] "[e]lsewhere in Polynesia, Hawaiʻi or a cognate is the name of the underworld or of the ancestral home, but in Hawaii, the name has no meaning".[16]

Spelling of state name

A somewhat divisive political issue arose in 1978 when the Constitution of the State of Hawaii added Hawaiian as a second official state language.[17] The title of the state constitution is The Constitution of the State of Hawaii. Article XV, Section 1 of the Constitution uses The State of Hawaii.[18] Diacritics were not used because the document, drafted in 1949,[19] predates the use of the ʻokina (ʻ) and the kahakō in modern Hawaiian orthography. The exact spelling of the state's name in the Hawaiian language is Hawaiʻi.[b] In the Hawaii Admission Act that granted Hawaiian statehood, the federal government recognized Hawaii as the official state name. Official government publications, department and office titles, and the Seal of Hawaii use the traditional spelling with no symbols for glottal stops or vowel length.[20] In contrast, the National and State Parks Services, the University of Hawaiʻi and some private enterprises implement these symbols. No precedent for changes to U.S. state names exists since the adoption of the United States Constitution in 1789. However, the Constitution of Massachusetts formally changed the Province of Massachusetts Bay to the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in 1780, and in 1819, the Territory of Arkansaw was created but was later admitted to statehood as the State of Arkansas.

Other Languages
Acèh: Hawaii
Afrikaans: Hawaii
Alemannisch: Hawaii
አማርኛ: ሃዋይኢ
Ænglisc: Hawaii
العربية: هاواي
aragonés: Hawaii
arpetan: Havayi
asturianu: Ḥawai
Avañe'ẽ: Havái'i
Aymar aru: Hawaii suyu
azərbaycanca: Havay
বাংলা: হাওয়াই
Bân-lâm-gú: Hawaiʻi
башҡортса: Гавай (штат)
беларуская: Гаваі
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гаваі
भोजपुरी: हवाई
Bikol Central: Hawaii
Bislama: Hawaii
български: Хаваи
Boarisch: Hawaii
བོད་ཡིག: ཧ་ཝ་ཡི།
bosanski: Havaji
brezhoneg: Hawaii
буряад: Һавай
català: Hawaii
Чӑвашла: Гавайи
Cebuano: Hawaii
čeština: Havaj
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Hawaii
corsu: Hawaii
Cymraeg: Hawaii
dansk: Hawaii
davvisámegiella: Haváija
Deutsch: Hawaii
Ελληνικά: Χαβάη
emiliàn e rumagnòl: Hawaii
español: Hawái
Esperanto: Havajo
euskara: Hawaii
فارسی: هاوایی
Fiji Hindi: Hawaii
føroyskt: Hawaii
français: Hawaï
Frysk: Hawaï
Gaeilge: Haváí
Gaelg: Hawaii
Gagauz: Hawaii
Gàidhlig: Hawaii
galego: Hawai
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Hawaii
хальмг: Хавайи
한국어: 하와이주
Hawaiʻi: Hawai‘i
հայերեն: Հավայի
हिन्दी: हवाई
hornjoserbsce: Hawaii
hrvatski: Havaji
Ido: Havayi
Igbo: Hawaii
Ilokano: Hawai'i
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: হাৱাই
Bahasa Indonesia: Hawaii
interlingua: Stato Hawaii
Interlingue: Hawaii
Iñupiak: Hawaii
Ирон: Гавайи
isiZulu: Hawaii
íslenska: Hawaii
italiano: Hawaii
עברית: הוואי
Basa Jawa: Hawaii
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಹವಾಯಿ
Kapampangan: Hawaii
ქართული: ჰავაის შტატი
қазақша: Гавайи
kernowek: Hawaii
Kiswahili: Hawaii
Kreyòl ayisyen: Awayi
kurdî: Hawaii
Кыргызча: Гавайи
кырык мары: Гавайи
Ladino: Hawaii
لۊری شومالی: ھاڤایی
latviešu: Havajas
Lëtzebuergesch: Hawaii
lietuvių: Havajai
Ligure: Hawaii
Limburgs: Hawaï
lumbaart: Hawaii
magyar: Hawaii
मैथिली: हवाई
македонски: Хаваи
Malagasy: Hawaii
മലയാളം: ഹവായി
Māori: Hawai'i
मराठी: हवाई
მარგალური: ჰავაი (შტატი)
مصرى: هاواى
مازِرونی: هاوایی
Bahasa Melayu: Hawaii
Baso Minangkabau: Hawaii
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Hawaii
монгол: Хавай
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဟာဝိုင်ယီပြည်နယ်
Dorerin Naoero: Hawaii
Nederlands: Hawaï
Nedersaksies: Hawaï (stoat)
नेपाली: हवाई
नेपाल भाषा: हवाइ
日本語: ハワイ州
нохчийн: Гавайи
Nordfriisk: Hawaii
Norfuk / Pitkern: Hawaii
norsk: Hawaii
norsk nynorsk: Hawaii
occitan: Hawaii
олык марий: Гавайи
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gavayi
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਹਵਾਈ
पालि: हवाई
Pangasinan: Hawaii
پنجابی: ہوائی
Piemontèis: Hawaii
Plattdüütsch: Hawaii
polski: Hawaje
português: Havaí
română: Hawaii
rumantsch: Hawai
Runa Simi: Hawaii suyu
русиньскый: Гавай (США)
русский: Гавайи
саха тыла: Һауайи
Gagana Samoa: Hawai'i
संस्कृतम्: हवाई
sardu: Hawaii
Scots: Hawaii
Seeltersk: Hawaii
Sesotho sa Leboa: Hawaii
shqip: Hawaii
sicilianu: Hawaii
Simple English: Hawaii
slovenčina: Havaj (štát USA)
slovenščina: Havaji
ślůnski: Hawaje
Soomaaliga: Hawaay
کوردی: ھاوایی
српски / srpski: Хаваји
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Havaji
Basa Sunda: Hawaii
suomi: Havaiji
svenska: Hawaii
Tagalog: Hawaii
தமிழ்: ஹவாய்
Taqbaylit: Hawaii
татарча/tatarça: Гавайлар (штат)
తెలుగు: హవాయి
lea faka-Tonga: Hauaiʻi
Türkçe: Hawaii
Türkmençe: Gawaý adalary
українська: Гаваї
اردو: ہوائی
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Haway Shitati
vèneto: Hawaii
Tiếng Việt: Hawaii
Volapük: Hawaii
文言: 夏威夷州
Winaray: Hawaii
吴语: 夏威夷州
ייִדיש: האוואי
Yorùbá: Hawaii
粵語: 夏威夷州
Zazaki: Hawaii
žemaitėška: Havajē
中文: 夏威夷州
Kabɩyɛ: Hawayii
Lingua Franca Nova: Hawaii