Hat Yai

Hat Yai

หาดใหญ่
Skyline of Hat Yai City, June 2012 by.jpg
Official seal of Hat Yai
Seal
Hat Yai is located in Thailand
Hat Yai
Hat Yai
Location Hat Yai in Thailand
Coordinates: 7°1′N 100°28′E / 7°1′N 100°28′E / 7.017; 100.467(2018)
 • City Municipality158,910
 • Density12,676.05/km2 (35,297.55/sq mi)
 • Metro
385,927
 Registered residents only
Time zoneUTC+7 (ICT)
Postal code
90110
Area code(+66) 74
Airporthatyaicity.go.th

Hat Yai (Thai: หาดใหญ่, pronounced [hàːt jàj], also Haad Yai or Had Yai) is a city in southern Thailand near the Malaysian border. Located at 7°1′N 100°28′E / 7°1′N 100°28′E / 7.017; 100.467, it is 946 km (588 mi) south of Bangkok, and has a population of 158,218 (2012) in the city itself and about 800,000 in the greater Hat Yai area. Hat Yai is the largest city of Songkhla Province, the largest metropolitan area in the south, and the third largest metropolitan area of the country. It is often mistaken for being the provincial capital. In fact, Songkhla is the capital and the center of administration and culture while Hat Yai is the business center.

History

Originally named Khok Samet Chun (โคกเสม็ดชุน, "shore eugenia knoll"), Hat Yai was a small village until the southern railway was built there, making it one of the major rail hubs of the line. The junction which connected the town of Songkhla with the main route was formerly in the U Tapao area, but was later moved to Khok Samet Chun in 1922 when the U Tapao area turned out to be flood-prone. At that time, Khok Samet Chun had only four residents, but thanks to the investments of Khun Niphat Chinnakorn (謝枢泗, Jia Gi Si, 1886–1972, Hakka Chinese), the railway contractor for the railway line from Nakhon Si Thammarat to Pattani, it quickly grew into a small town.

In 1928 Hat Yai was made a community (chumchon), which was upgraded to a sanitary district (sukhaphiban) on December 11, 1935. It covered an area of 4.4 km², and was administered by the first mayor, Udom Bunlong. In 1938, the municipal administration building was completed. On March 16, 1949, Hat Yai was granted town status (thesaban mueang). On May 10, 1961, the area covered by the municipality was increased to 8 km². As a result of the town's continuing growth, on August 13, 1968, a larger, new municipal administration building was opened. On April 24, 1977, the total area of the municipality was enlarged for the second time to 21 km². Finally, in 1995, the town was upgraded to city status (thesaban nakhon).

The name "Hat Yai" is a short version of "mahat yai", meaning big mahat (Thai: มะหาด) tree, a relative of jackfruits in genus Artocarpus.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Hat Yai
العربية: هات ياي
བོད་ཡིག: ཧ་ཊི་ཡའི།
Cebuano: Hat Yai
dansk: Hat Yai
Deutsch: Hat Yai
español: Hat Yai
Esperanto: Hatjaj
فارسی: هت یای
français: Hat Yai
한국어: 핫야이
Bahasa Indonesia: Hat Yai
italiano: Hat Yai
עברית: האד-יאי
kalaallisut: Hat Yai
lietuvių: Hatjajus
magyar: Hatjaj
Malagasy: Hat Yai
Bahasa Melayu: Hat Yai
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဟတ်ရိုင်မြို့
Nederlands: Hat Yai (stad)
norsk: Hat Yai
پنجابی: ہات یائی
polski: Hat Yai
português: Hat Yai
русский: Хатъяй
српски / srpski: Хат Јаи
suomi: Hat Yai
svenska: Hat Yai
татарча/tatarça: Һатъяй
Türkçe: Hat Yai
Tiếng Việt: Hat Yai
Winaray: Hat Yai
中文: 合艾