Hasselt

Hasselt
Hasselt City Hall
Hasselt City Hall
Flag of Hasselt
Flag
Coat of arms of Hasselt
Coat of arms
Hasselt is located in Belgium
Hasselt
Hasselt
Location in Belgium
Location of Hasselt in Limburg
Hasselt Limburg Belgium Map.png
Coordinates: 50°55′48″N 05°20′15″E / 50°55′48″N 05°20′15″E / 50.93000; 5.33750 (CD&V)
 • Governing party/iesHelemaal Hasselt (SP.A, Groen!),
CD&V
Area
 • Total102.24 km2 (39.48 sq mi)
Population
(1 January 2017)[1]
 • Total77,124
 • Density750/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Postal codes
3500, 3501, 3510, 3511, 3512
www.hasselt.be

Hasselt (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦɑsəlt]) is a Flemish city and municipality, and capital of the province of Limburg in Belgium. The Hasselt municipality includes the original city of Hasselt, plus the old communes of Sint-Lambrechts-Herk, Wimmertingen, Kermt, Spalbeek, Kuringen, Stokrooie, Stevoort and Runkst, as well as the hamlets and parishes of Kiewit, Godsheide and Rapertingen.

On 31 December 2007 Hasselt had a total population of 71,520 (34,951 men and 36,569 women). Both the Demer river and the Albert Canal run through the municipality. Hasselt is located in between the Campine region, north of the Demer river, and the Hesbaye region, to the south. On a larger scale, it is also situated in the Meuse-Rhine Euroregion.

History

Historical affiliations

County of Loon 1165–1366
Prince-Bishopric of Liège 1366–1789
Republic of Liège 1789–1791
Prince-Bishopric of Liège 1791–1795
French Republic 1795–1804
French Empire 1804–1815
Kingdom of the Netherlands 1815–1830
 Kingdom of Belgium 1830–present

Hasselt on the Ferraris map (around 1775)

Hasselt was founded in approximately the 7th century on the Helbeek, a tributary of the Demer river. The name Hasselt came from Hasaluth, which means hazel wood. During the Middle Ages, it became one of the free cities of the county of Loon (which had borders approximately the same as the current province of Limburg). Hasselt was first named in a document in 1165. In 1232 Arnold IV, Count of Loon gave the city the freedoms like those enjoyed in Liège. Even though the city of Borgloon was the original capital of Loon, Hasselt was to become the biggest city thanks to its favourable setting, and the proximity of the count’s castle and Herkenrode in Kuringen. In 1366 the county of Loon became part of the Prince-Bishopric of Liège and remained so until the annexation by France in 1794.

During the First French Empire, after the French revolution, the city of Maastricht became the capital of the area called the French Department of the Lower Meuse. This comprised not only the area of the modern province of Limburg in Belgium, but also the neighbouring province of the same name in the Netherlands. After the defeat of Napoleon in 1815, Belgium became part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. During this time, King William I confusingly named the area after the medieval Duchy of Limburg, which had been centered in Limbourg on the Vesdre river, (now in the Liège province of Belgium), which had never encompassed Hasselt or Maastricht. Belgium split from the Netherlands in 1830, but the status of Limburg was only resolved nine years later in 1839, with the division of Limburg into Belgian and Dutch parts. Hasselt became the provisional capital of the Belgian province of Limburg. In ecclesiastical terms Belgian Limburg became an independent entity from the Diocese of Liège in 1967, and Hasselt became the seat of the new Diocese of Hasselt.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Hasselt, België
aragonés: Hasselt
беларуская: Хаселт
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гасэльт
български: Хаселт
brezhoneg: Hasselt (Belgia)
català: Hasselt
čeština: Hasselt
Cymraeg: Hasselt
dansk: Hasselt
eesti: Hasselt
Ελληνικά: Άσσελτ
español: Hasselt
Esperanto: Haselto
euskara: Hasselt
فارسی: اسلت
français: Hasselt
Gaeilge: Hasselt
Gaelg: Hasselt
한국어: 하셀트
հայերեն: Հասելտ
Bahasa Indonesia: Hasselt, Belgia
Ирон: Хасселт
íslenska: Hasselt
italiano: Hasselt
Kiswahili: Hasselt
Latina: Hasseletum
latviešu: Haselta
Lëtzebuergesch: Hasselt (Belsch)
lietuvių: Haseltas
Limburgs: Hasselt
magyar: Hasselt
Nederlands: Hasselt (België)
Nedersaksies: Hasselt (België)
日本語: ハッセルト
norsk: Hasselt
polski: Hasselt
português: Hasselt
română: Hasselt
русский: Хасселт
Scots: Hasselt
Simple English: Hasselt
slovenčina: Hasselt
ślůnski: Hasselt
српски / srpski: Хаселт
suomi: Hasselt
svenska: Hasselt
Türkçe: Hasselt
українська: Гасселт
اردو: ہاسیلت
Tiếng Việt: Hasselt
Volapük: Hasselt
West-Vlams: Hasselt
Winaray: Hasselt
中文: 哈瑟尔特