Harpy eagle

Harpy eagle
Harpia harpyja 001 800.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Vieillot, 1816
H. harpyja
Binomial name
Harpia harpyja
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Harpy Eagle Range.svg
The harpy eagle is rare throughout its range, which extends from Mexico to Brazil (throughout its territory)[2] and Argentina (Only the north).

Vultur harpyja Linnaeus, 1758

The harpy eagle (Harpia harpyja) is a neotropical species of eagle. It is also called the American harpy eagle to distinguish it from the Papuan eagle, which is sometimes known as the New Guinea harpy eagle or Papuan harpy eagle.[3] It is the largest and most powerful raptor found in the rainforest,[4] and among the largest extant species of eagles in the world. It usually inhabits tropical lowland rainforests in the upper (emergent) canopy layer. Destruction of its natural habitat has caused it to vanish from many parts of its former range, and it is nearly extirpated in Central America. In Brazil, the harpy eagle is also known as royal-hawk (in Portuguese: gavião-real).[5]


The harpy eagle was first described by Linnaeus in his Systema Naturae in 1758 as Vultur harpyja,[6] after the mythological beast harpy. The only member of the genus Harpia, the harpy eagle is most closely related to the crested eagle (Morphnus guianensis) and the New Guinea harpy eagle (Harpyopsis novaeguineae), the three composing the subfamily Harpiinae within the large family Accipitridae. Previously thought to be closely related, the Philippine eagle has been shown by DNA analysis to belong elsewhere in the raptor family, as it is related to the Circaetinae.[7]

The species name harpyja and the word harpy in the common name harpy eagle both come from Ancient Greek harpyia (ἅρπυια). They refer to the Harpies of Ancient Greek mythology. These were wind spirits that took the dead to Hades, and were said to have a body like an eagle and the face of a human.[8]

Other Languages
Avañe'ẽ: Taguato ruvicha
Aymar aru: Chullu walli
беларуская: Harpia harpyja
български: Харпия (птица)
brezhoneg: Herpida ferv
català: Harpia grossa
Ελληνικά: Άρπυια
español: Harpia harpyja
Esperanto: Amerika harpio
français: Harpie féroce
Gaeilge: Rapiolar
hrvatski: Orao harpija
italiano: Harpia harpyja
қазақша: Гарпия
Кыргызча: Буудайыктар
Bahasa Melayu: Burung Lang Harpy
Nederlands: Harpij (roofvogel)
日本語: オウギワシ
norsk: Harpyørn
پنجابی: ہارپی عقاب
پښتو: هارپي
português: Harpia harpyja
română: Harpia harpyja
Runa Simi: Chullu walli
Simple English: Harpy eagle
slovenščina: Harpijski orel
српски / srpski: Харпија (орао)
Türkçe: Harpia Kartalı
українська: Гарпія велика
Tiếng Việt: Đại bàng Harpy
中文: 角雕