Harbor

New York Harbor and the Hudson River in the foreground; the East River in the background.
Capri harbor, Italy seen from Anacapri.

A harbor or harbour (see spelling differences; synonyms: wharves, haven) is a sheltered body of water where ships, boats, and barges can be docked. The term harbor is often used interchangeably with port, which is a man-made facility built for loading and unloading vessels and dropping off and picking up passengers. Ports usually include one or more harbors. Alexandria Port in Egypt is an example of a port with two harbors.

Harbors may be natural or artificial. An artificial harbor can have deliberately constructed breakwaters, sea walls, or jettys or they can be constructed by dredging, which requires maintenance by further periodic dredging. An example of an artificial harbor is Long Beach Harbor, California, United States which was an array of salt marshes and tidal flats too shallow for modern merchant ships before it was first dredged in the early 20th century.[1] In contrast, a natural harbor is surrounded on several sides by prominences of land. Examples of natural harbors include Sydney Harbour, Australia and Trincomalee Harbour in Sri Lanka.

Artificial harbors

Artificial harbors are frequently built for use as ports. The oldest artificial harbor known is the Ancient Egyptian site at Wadi al-Jarf, on the Red Sea coast, which is at least 4500 years old (ca. 2600-2550 BC, reign of King Khufu). The largest artificially created harbor is Jebel Ali in Dubai.[2] Other large and busy artificial harbors include:

The Ancient Carthaginians constructed fortified, artificial harbors called cothons.

Other Languages
Адыгэбзэ: Гаван
العربية: مرفأ
azərbaycanca: Havan (körfəz)
Bân-lâm-gú: Káng
беларуская: Гавань
Deutsch: Naturhafen
فارسی: بندرگاه
français: Havre
Gaeilge: Cuan
Gàidhlig: Acarsaid
한국어: 항만
հայերեն: Նավահանգիստ
हिन्दी: बन्दरगाह
íslenska: Höfn
italiano: Porto
עברית: מעגן
қазақша: Гавань
Limburgs: Natuurleke have
മലയാളം: തുറമുഖം
Nederlands: Natuurlijke haven
日本語: 泊地
norsk: Havn
norsk nynorsk: Hamn
олык марий: Гавань
português: Abra
русский: Гавань
Scots: Herbour
Simple English: Harbor
татарча/tatarça: Лиман
тыва дыл: Гавань
українська: Гавань
Tiếng Việt: Cảng
Winaray: Darangpan
粵語: 海港
中文: 港灣