Hammersmith

Hammersmith
The lyric hammersmith.jpg
Lyric Theatre
Hammersmith is located in Greater London
Hammersmith
Hammersmith
Hammersmith shown within Greater London
OS grid reference TQ233786
•  Charing Cross 4.3 mi (6.9 km)  ENE
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district W6
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°29′34″N 0°13′22″W / 51°29′34″N 0°13′22″W / 51.4928; -0.2229

Hammersmith is a district of west London, England, located 4.3 miles (6.9 km) west-southwest of Charing Cross. It is the administrative centre of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, and identified in the London Plan as one of 35 major centres in Greater London.

It is bordered by Shepherd's Bush to the north, Kensington to the east, Chiswick to the west, and Fulham to the south, with which it forms part of the north bank of the River Thames. It is linked by Hammersmith Bridge to Barnes in the southwest. The area is one of west London's key commercial and employment centres, and has for some decades been a major centre of London's Polish community. It is a major transport hub for west London, with two London Underground stations and a bus station at Hammersmith Broadway.

History

In the early 1660s, Hammersmith's first parish church, which later became St Paul's, was built by Sir Nicholas Crispe who ran the brickworks in Hammersmith. [1] It contained a monument to Crispe as well as a bronze bust of King Charles I by Hubert Le Sueur. [2] In 1696 Sir Samuel Morland was buried there. The church was completely rebuilt in 1883, but the monument and bust were transferred to the new church.

Hammersmith Bridge was first designed by William Tierney Clark, opening in 1827 as the first Suspension bridge crossing the River Thames. Overloading in this original structure led to a redesign by Joseph Bazalgette, which was built over the original foundations, and reopened in 1887. [1] [3] In 1984–1985 the bridge received structural support, and between 1997 and 2000 the bridge underwent major strengthening work. [4]

In 1745, two Scots, James Lee and Lewis Kennedy, established the Vineyard Nursery, over six acres devoted to landscaping plants. During the next hundred and fifty years the nursery introduced many new plants to England, including fuchsia and the standard rose tree. [5] [6]

Major industrial sites included the Osram lamp factory at Brook Green, the J. Lyons factory (which at one time employed 30,000 people). During both World Wars, Waring & Gillow's furniture factory, in Cambridge Grove, became the site of aircraft manufacture. [7]

Other Languages
العربية: هامرسميث
Deutsch: Hammersmith
español: Hammersmith
Esperanto: Hammersmith
فارسی: همرسمیت
français: Hammersmith
Gaeilge: Hammersmith
한국어: 해머스미스
हिन्दी: हैमरस्मिथ
Nederlands: Hammersmith (wijk)
नेपाल भाषा: हैमरस्मिथ
norsk nynorsk: Hammersmith
polski: Hammersmith
português: Hammersmith
русский: Хаммерсмит
Simple English: Hammersmith
Türkçe: Hammersmith
Tiếng Việt: Hammersmith