Hammerfest

Hammerfest kommune

Hámmerfeastta suohkan
View of Hammerfest in mid-June 2005
View of Hammerfest in mid-June 2005
Flag of Hammerfest kommune
Flag
Coat of arms of Hammerfest kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Hammerfest kommune
Finnmark within
Norway
Hammerfest within Finnmark
Hammerfest within Finnmark
Coordinates: 70°39′45″N 23°41′00″E / 70°39′45″N 23°41′00″E / Data from Statistics Norway

Hammerfest (About this soundpronunciation; Northern Sami: Hámmárfeasta) is a municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Hammerfest. Some of the main villages in the municipality include Rypefjord, Forsøl, Hønsebybotn, Akkarfjord i Kvaløya, Akkarfjord i Sørøya, and Kårhamn.

The 848-square-kilometre (327 sq mi) municipality is the 130th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Hammerfest is the 110th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 10,533. The municipality's population density is 12.9 inhabitants per square kilometre (33/sq mi) and its population has increased by 12% over the last decade.[2][3]

The municipality encompasses parts of three large islands: Kvaløya, Sørøya, and Seiland. Other small islands such as Håja, Lille Kamøya and Kamøya are also located here. Most of the area municipality does not have a road connection with the rest of Norway. Only Kvaløya island is connected via the Kvalsund Bridge.

General information

The municipality called Hammerfest by og landdistrikt was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). It included the town of Hammerfest and the vast rural district surrounding it. The law required that all towns should be separated from their rural districts, but because of low population, and very few voters, this was impossible to carry out for Hammerfest in 1838. (This was also the case in the nearby towns of Vadsø and Vardø.) In 1839, the northern district (population: 498) was separated to become the new municipality of Maasø. This left Hammerfest by og landdistrikt with 2,024 residents. On 1 January 1852, the rural district outside of the town (population: 1,256) was separated from the town of Hammerfest to form the new municipality of Hammerfest landdistrikt. This left the town with 1,125 residents. (The rural district was later divided into two municipalities with Sørøysund in the north and Kvalsund in the south.)

On 1 January 1992, the municipality of Sørøysund (population: 2,341) was merged with the town of Hammerfest (population: 6,909) to form a new, larger municipality called Hammerfest.[4]

In 2017, the two neighboring municipalities of Hammerfest and Kvalsund voted to merge into one large municipality effective 1 January 2020. The new municipality will be named Hammerfest and it's administrative centre will be the town of Hammerfest.[5] The new municipality will have two parallel, bilingual, interchangeable names: Hammerfest kommune (Norwegian) and Hámmerfeastta suohkan (Northern Sami).[6]

Name

The municipality is named after the town of Hammerfest that was established in 1789. The town was named after an old anchorage. The first element is hammer, referring to a number of large rocks, good for mooring boats, called Hamran (Old Norse: Hamarr meaning "steep mountainside"). The Hamran were covered up in land reclaiming during the early post-war years. The last element is fest, from Old Norse festr which means "fastening" (for boats).[7]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms is from relatively recent times; they were granted on 16 December 1938. The arms of Hammerfest, a polar bear on a red background, were prepared for the celebration of the 150th anniversary of the town's foundation in 1939. The polar bear was chosen as a symbol for the fishing in the polar seas north of Norway. The polar bear itself is not native to mainland Norway. Because of its town status, the arms often have a crown above them.[8]

Churches

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Hammerfest. It is part of the Hammerfest prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Nord-Hålogaland.

Churches in Hammerfest
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Hammerfest Hammerfest Church Hammerfest 1961
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Hammerfest
العربية: هامرفست
Bân-lâm-gú: Hammerfest
български: Хамерфест
català: Hammerfest
čeština: Hammerfest
dansk: Hammerfest
davvisámegiella: Hámmárfeasta
Deutsch: Hammerfest
español: Hammerfest
Esperanto: Hammerfest
euskara: Hammerfest
فارسی: هامرفست
Frysk: Hammerfest
հայերեն: Համերֆեսթ
hrvatski: Hammerfest
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: হাম্মেরফিস্ট
Bahasa Indonesia: Hammerfest
Interlingue: Hammerfest
íslenska: Hammerfest
italiano: Hammerfest
עברית: המרפסט
Basa Jawa: Hammerfest
Latina: Hammerfest
Lëtzebuergesch: Hammerfest
lietuvių: Hamerfestas
Limburgs: Hammerfest
Bahasa Melayu: Hammerfest
Nederlands: Hammerfest
norsk: Hammerfest
norsk nynorsk: Hammerfest kommune
Piemontèis: Hammerfest
Plattdüütsch: Kommun Hammerfest
polski: Hammerfest
português: Hammerfest
română: Hammerfest
русский: Хаммерфест
Scots: Hammerfest
shqip: Hammerfest
slovenščina: Hammerfest
српски / srpski: Хамерфест
suomi: Hammerfest
Türkçe: Hammerfest
українська: Гаммерфест
Tiếng Việt: Hammerfest
Winaray: Hammerfest
中文: 亨墨菲斯