Hail Mary

The Annunciation, by Fra Angelico

The Hail Mary, also commonly called the Ave Maria (Latin), is a traditional Catholic prayer asking for the intercession of the Blessed Virgin Mary, the mother of Jesus. In Roman Catholicism, the prayer forms the basis of the Rosary and the Angelus prayers. In the Oriental Orthodox Churches, Eastern Orthodox and Eastern Catholic Churches, a similar prayer is used in formal liturgies, both in Greek and in translations. It is also used by many other groups within the catholic tradition of Christianity including Anglicans, Independent Catholics, and Old Catholics. Some Protestant denominations, such as Lutherans, also make use of a form of the prayer.

Based on the greeting of St Elizabeth Mary's cousin, mother of John the Baptist to the Virgin Mary in the Gospel of Luke, the prayer takes different forms in various traditions. It has often been set to music.

Origins

Angelic Salutation

The first element of the Hail Mary was the Angelic Salutation of the Angel Luke 1:28). [1]

Evangelical Salutation

The Evangelical Salutation was the greeting of Elizabeth, mother of Luke 1:42). It was not until the sixth century that the Catholic Church combined the Angelic Salutation with the Evangelical Salutation. [1].

Complete Standard Form

The full, standard form of the Hail Mary, with petitionary clause including "Pray for us sinners, now and the hour of our death" , was established by Pope Pius V in 1568 as part of a revision of the Liturgy of the Hours but had been in use earlier. Until the 11th century, the Hail Mary prayer consisted only of the combination of the Angelic Salutation and the Evangelical Salutation. [1]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Ave Maria
aragonés: Ave María
armãneashti: Ave Maria
asturianu: Ave María
Avañe'ẽ: Maria maitei
беларуская: Авэ Марыя
Boarisch: Ave Maria
brezhoneg: Ave Maria
català: Avemaria
čeština: Zdrávas Maria
Chavacano de Zamboanga: Ave Maria
corsu: Ave Maria
Deutsch: Ave Maria
eesti: Ave Maria
Ελληνικά: Άβε Μαρία
español: Avemaría
Esperanto: Ave Maria
euskara: Agur Maria
Gàidhlig: Fàilte Mhoire
galego: Avemaría
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: नमान मारये मागणें
한국어: 성모송
Հայերեն: Ավե Մարիա
hornjoserbsce: Strowa sy, Marija
hrvatski: Zdravo Marijo
Bahasa Indonesia: Salam Maria
interlingua: Ave Maria
Interlingue: Ave Maria
italiano: Ave Maria
עברית: אווה מריה
Basa Jawa: Sembah Bekti
Kapampangan: Bapu Maria
ქართული: ავე მარია
kernowek: Hayl Maria
Kiswahili: Salamu Maria
Latina: Ave Maria
lietuvių: Sveika, Marija
Limburgs: Weesgegroetje
lingála: Maria Losáko
lumbaart: Ave Maria
magyar: Üdvözlégy
Dorerin Naoero: A kamawireij uw Maria
Nederlands: Weesgegroet
norsk nynorsk: Ave Maria
occitan: Ave Maria
Pangasinan: Ave Maria
português: Ave Maria
Ripoarisch: Ave Maria
română: Ave Maria
rumantsch: Ave Maria
русский: Аве Мария
Simple English: Hail Mary
SiSwati: Yetzi' Maria
slovenčina: Zdravas’ Mária
slovenščina: Zdrava Marija
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zdravo Marijo
suomi: Ave Maria
svenska: Ave Maria
tarandíne: Àve Marije
українська: Радуйся, Маріє
vèneto: Ave Maria
Tiếng Việt: Kinh Kính Mừng
粵語: 聖母經
žemaitėška: Svēka Marėjė
中文: 聖母經