Haarlem

Haarlem
City and municipality
Grote Kerk ("Great Church") on the Grote Markt, Haarlem's central square
Grote Kerk ("Great Church") on the Grote Markt, Haarlem's central square
Flag of Haarlem
Flag
Coat of arms of Haarlem
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Bloemenstad, Spaarnestad
Motto: Vicit vim virtus (Virtue conquered force)
Highlighted position of Haarlem in a municipal map of North Holland
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°23′N 4°38′E / 52°23′N 4°38′E / 52.383; 4.633
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
Government [1]
 • Body Municipal council
 •  Mayor Jos Wienen ( CDA)
Area [2]
 • Municipality 32.09 km2 (12.39 sq mi)
 • Land 29.22 km2 (11.28 sq mi)
 • Water 2.87 km2 (1.11 sq mi)
Elevation [3] 2 m (7 ft)
Population (Municipality, August 2017; Urban and Metro, May 2014) [4] [5]
 • Municipality 159,556
 • Density 5,461/km2 (14,140/sq mi)
 •  Urban 204,429
 •  Metro 420,447
Demonym(s) Haarlemmer
Time zone CET ( UTC+1)
 • Summer ( DST) CEST ( UTC+2)
Postcode 2000–2037, 2063
Area code 023
Website www.haarlem.nl

Haarlem (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦaːrlɛm] ( About this sound  listen); predecessor of Harlem in the English language) is a city and municipality in the Netherlands. It is the capital of the province of North Holland and is situated at the northern edge of the Randstad, one of the most populated metropolitan areas in Europe. Haarlem had a population of 159,556 in 2017. It is a 15-minute train ride from Amsterdam, and many residents commute to the country's capital for work.

Haarlem was granted city status or stadsrechten in 1245, although the first city walls were not built until 1270. The modern city encompasses the former municipality of Schoten as well as parts that previously belonged to Bloemendaal and Heemstede. Apart from the city, the municipality of Haarlem also includes the western part of the village of Spaarndam. Newer sections of Spaarndam lie within the neighbouring municipality of Haarlemmerliede en Spaarnwoude.

Geography

Topographic map image of Haarlem (city), March 2014

The city is located on the river Spaarne, giving it its nickname 'Spaarnestad' (Spaarne city). It is situated about 20 km (12 mi) west of Amsterdam and near the coastal dunes. Haarlem has been the historical centre of the tulip bulb-growing district for centuries and bears its other nickname 'Bloemenstad' (flower city) for this reason.

Other Languages
aragonés: Haarlem
Bân-lâm-gú: Haarlem
беларуская: Харлем
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гаарлем
български: Харлем
brezhoneg: Haarlem
català: Haarlem
čeština: Haarlem
Cymraeg: Haarlem
dansk: Haarlem
Deutsch: Haarlem
eesti: Haarlem
Ελληνικά: Χάαρλεμ
español: Haarlem
euskara: Haarlem
føroyskt: Haarlem
français: Haarlem
Frysk: Haarlim
Gaeilge: Haarlem
Gaelg: Haarlem
Gàidhlig: Haarlem
galego: Haarlem
한국어: 하를럼
Հայերեն: Հաառլեմ
Ido: Haarlem
Bahasa Indonesia: Haarlem
Ирон: Харлем
íslenska: Haarlem
italiano: Haarlem
Basa Jawa: Haarlem
ქართული: ჰაარლემი
Kiswahili: Haarlem
коми: Харлем
Latina: Harlemum
latviešu: Hārlema
Lëtzebuergesch: Haarlem
lietuvių: Harlemas
Limburgs: Haarlem
magyar: Haarlem
македонски: Харлем
Bahasa Melayu: Haarlem
монгол: Хаарлем
Nederlands: Haarlem
Nedersaksies: Haorlem
日本語: ハールレム
norsk: Haarlem
norsk nynorsk: Haarlem
occitan: Haarlem
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Xarlem
پنجابی: ہارلم
polski: Haarlem
português: Haarlem
română: Haarlem
Runa Simi: Haarlem
русский: Харлем
Scots: Haarlem
Seeltersk: Haarlem
shqip: Haarlem
Simple English: Haarlem
slovenčina: Haarlem
slovenščina: Haarlem
ślůnski: Haarlem
Soomaaliga: Haarlem
српски / srpski: Харлем
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Haarlem
suomi: Haarlem
svenska: Haarlem
Türkçe: Haarlem
українська: Гарлем
اردو: ہارلیم
Tiếng Việt: Haarlem
Volapük: Haarlem
West-Vlams: Haarlem
Winaray: Haarlem
Zeêuws: Haerlem
中文: 哈勒姆