Gulf of Tonkin

Gulf of Tonkin
Gulf of Tonkin location.gif
Chinese name
Traditional Chinese1. 東京灣
2. 北部灣
Simplified Chinese1. 东京湾
2. 北部湾
Literal meaning1. Gulf of Tonkin
2. Gulf of the northern part
Vietnamese name
Vietnamese1. Vịnh Bắc Bộ
2. Vịnh Bắc Phần
3. Vịnh Bắc Việt
Chữ Nôm1. 泳北部
2. 泳北分
3. 泳北越
True color satellite image of the Gulf of Tonkin

The Gulf of Tonkin (Vietnamese: Vịnh Bắc Bộ, simplified Chinese: 北部湾; traditional Chinese: 北部灣; formerly known as 东京湾/東京灣 during ROC period) is a body of water located off the coast of northern Vietnam and southern China. It is a northern arm of the South China Sea. The Gulf is defined in the west by the northern coastline of Vietnam, in the north by China's Guangxi province, and to the east by China's Leizhou Peninsula and Hainan Island.

Etymology

The bay's Vietnamese and Chinese names – Vịnh Bắc Bộ and Běibù Wān, respectively – both mean "Northern Bay". The name Tonkin, written "東京" in Hán-Nôm characters and Đông Kinh in the Vietnamese alphabet, means "eastern capital", and is the former toponym for Hanoi, the present capital of Vietnam. It should not to be confused with Tokyo, which is also written "東京" and also means "eastern capital". During Vietnam's French colonial era, the northern region was called Tonkin.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Golf van Tonkin
العربية: خليج تونكين
беларуская: Бакбо
български: Тонкин (залив)
bosanski: Tonkinski zaliv
brezhoneg: Pleg-mor Tonkin
Esperanto: Vjetnama golfo
français: Golfe du Tonkin
한국어: 통킹만
Bahasa Indonesia: Teluk Tonkin
íslenska: Tonkinflói
Кыргызча: Бакбо булуңу
latviešu: Tonkinas līcis
lietuvių: Tonkino įlanka
македонски: Тонкински Залив
Nederlands: Golf van Tonkin
Nedersaksies: Golf van Tonkin
日本語: トンキン湾
português: Golfo de Tonquim
русский: Бакбо
slovenčina: Bacboský záliv
српски / srpski: Тонкиншки залив
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Tonkinski zaljev
svenska: Tonkinbukten
Türkçe: Tonkin Körfezi
українська: Тонкінська затока
Tiếng Việt: Vịnh Bắc Bộ
吴语: 北部湾
粵語: 北部灣
中文: 北部湾