Gulf of Naples

Gulf of Naples at Naples, with Mount Vesuvius on the horizon.
Regional map of the Gulf of Naples.
Topographic map of the Gulf of Naples and Mount Vesuvius

The Gulf of Naples (Italian: Golfo di Napoli; Neapolitan: Gurfo 'e Napule; Latin: Crater), also called the Bay of Naples, is a roughly 15-kilometer-wide (9.3 mi) gulf located along the south-western coast of Italy (province of Naples, Campania region). It opens to the west into the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered on the north by the cities of Naples and Pozzuoli, on the east by Mount Vesuvius, and on the south by the Sorrentine Peninsula and the main town of the peninsula, Sorrento. The Peninsula separates the Gulf of Naples from the Gulf of Salerno, which includes the Amalfi coast.

The islands of Capri, Ischia and Procida are located in the Gulf of Naples.[1] The area is a tourist destination, with the seaside Roman ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum at the foot of Mount Vesuvius (destroyed in the AD 79 eruption of Vesuvius), along the north coast.

Along with the island of Ischia and gulfs of Pozzuoli and Gaeta,[2][3] local waters are home to varieties of whales and dolphins including fin and sperm whales.[4][5][6]

History

It is said that the Roman emperor Caligula built a bridge of boats across the bay and rode across it in a chariot wearing the armor of Alexander the Great.[7]

The Gulf of Naples hosted the sailing events for the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome.

According to information Mario Scaramella twenty nuclear torpedo sea mines were alleged by the International Atomic Energy Agency to have been laid on 10 January 1970, by a Soviet November class attack submarine, in the Gulf of Naples in a time of war to destroy or deny access to the US Sixth Fleet; they are believed to still be on the seabed.[8]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Golf van Napels
العربية: خليج نابولي
azərbaycanca: Neapol körfəzi
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Нэапалітанскі заліў
български: Неаполски залив
bosanski: Napuljski zaliv
Esperanto: Golfo de Napolo
فارسی: خلیج ناپل
français: Baie de Naples
한국어: 나폴리 만
Bahasa Indonesia: Teluk Napoli
italiano: Golfo di Napoli
lietuvių: Neapolio įlanka
македонски: Неаполски Залив
Nederlands: Golf van Napels
日本語: ナポリ湾
Napulitano: Gurfo 'e Napule
norsk nynorsk: Napolibukta
português: Golfo de Nápoles
română: Golful Napoli
sicilianu: Gulfu di Napuli
Simple English: Gulf of Naples
slovenščina: Neapeljski zaliv
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Napuljski zaljev
svenska: Neapelbukten
Tiếng Việt: Vịnh Napoli