Gujarat

Gujarat
State
Gujarat
Seal
Gujarat in India
Location of Gujarat in India
Coordinates (Gandhinagar): 23°13′N 72°41′E / 23°13′N 72°41′E / 23.217; 72.683
Country   India
Formation 1 May 1960
Capital Gandhinagar
Largest city Ahmedabad
Districts 33
Government
 •  Governor Om Prakash Kohli
 •  Chief Minister Vijay Rupani ( BJP)
 •  Legislature Unicameral ( 182 seats)
 •  Parliamentary constituency 26
 •  High Court Gujarat High Court
Area
 • Total 196,024 km2 (75,685 sq mi)
Area rank 5th
Population (2011)
 • Total 60,383,628
 • Rank 9th
 • Density 308/km2 (800/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Gujarati
Time zone IST ( UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-GJ
Vehicle registration GJ
HDI Increase 0.527 [1] (medium)
HDI rank 11th (2011)
Literacy 79.31% (2011 census)
Official language Gujarati [2]
Website gujaratindia.com

The state of Bombay was divided into two states i.e. Maharashtra and Gujarat by the Bombay (Reorganisation) Act 1960

Symbols of Gujarat [3]( de facto)
Language Gujarati [2]
Song " Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat" by Narmad [4]
Calendar Saka
Animal Asiatic lion [3]
Bird Greater flamingo [3]
Flower Marigold (galgota) [3]
Fruit Mango [5]
Tree Banyan [3]

Gujarat ( t/ Gujǎrāt  [ˈɡudʒ(ə)ɾaːt̪]) is a state in Western India, [6] It has an area of 196,024 km2 (75,685 sq mi) with a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi), most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula, and a population in excess of 60 million. The state is bordered by Rajasthan to the north, Maharashtra to the south, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad.[ citation needed] Gujarat is native place to the Gujarati-speaking people of India.

The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and trading centres in the Maurya and Gupta empires, and during the succession of royal Saka dynasties from the Western Satraps era.

Etymology

Modern-day Gujarat is derived from Sanskrit term Gurjaradesa, the Gurjar nation. [7] [8] [9] Parts of modern Rajasthan and Gujarat have been known as Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi (land of the Gurjars) for centuries before the Mughal period. [10]

Other Languages
Acèh: Gujarat
Afrikaans: Gujarat
አማርኛ: ጉጀራት
Ænglisc: Gujarat
العربية: كجرات
aragonés: Gucharat
অসমীয়া: গুজৰাট
azərbaycanca: Qucarat
تۆرکجه: قجرات
বাংলা: গুজরাত
Bân-lâm-gú: Gujarat
беларуская: Гуджарат
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гуджарат
भोजपुरी: गुजरात
български: Гуджарат
བོད་ཡིག: གྷུ་ཇ་རཱཏ།
brezhoneg: Gujarat
català: Gujarat
čeština: Gudžarát
Cymraeg: Gujarat
dansk: Gujarat
Deutsch: Gujarat
ދިވެހިބަސް: ގުޖުރާތު
dolnoserbski: Gudžarat
eesti: Gujarat
Ελληνικά: Γκουτζαράτ
español: Guyarat
Esperanto: Guĝaratio
euskara: Gujarat
فارسی: گجرات
Fiji Hindi: Gujarat
français: Gujarat
ગુજરાતી: ગુજરાત
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: गुजरात
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Gujarat
한국어: 구자라트 주
Հայերեն: Գուջարաթ
हिन्दी: गुजरात
hornjoserbsce: Gudźarat
hrvatski: Gudžerat
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: গুজরাত
Bahasa Indonesia: Gujarat
interlingua: Gujarat
íslenska: Gújarat
italiano: Gujarat
עברית: גוג'ראט
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಗುಜರಾತ್
Kapampangan: Gujarat
ქართული: გუჯარათი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: گجرات
Kiswahili: Gujarat
лезги: Гуджарат
لۊری شومالی: گوجأرات
Latina: Guzarata
latviešu: Gudžarāta
lietuvių: Gudžaratas
magyar: Gudzsarát
मैथिली: गुजरात
македонски: Гуџарат
Malagasy: Gujarat
മലയാളം: ഗുജറാത്ത്‌
मराठी: गुजरात
მარგალური: გუჯარათი
مصرى: جوجرات
Bahasa Melayu: Gujarat
монгол: Гужарат
Nederlands: Gujarat
नेपाली: गुजरात
नेपाल भाषा: गुजरात
нохчийн: Гуджарат
norsk: Gujarat
norsk nynorsk: Gujarat
occitan: Gujarat
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଗୁଜରାଟ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gujarot
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗੁਜਰਾਤ
پښتو: گوجرات
polski: Gudźarat
português: Gujarate
română: Gujarat
русский: Гуджарат
संस्कृतम्: गुजरातराज्यम्
Scots: Gujarat
shqip: Guxharat
සිංහල: ගුජරාටය
Simple English: Gujarat
سنڌي: گجرات
slovenčina: Gudžarát
slovenščina: Gudžarat
српски / srpski: Гуџарат
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gujarat
suomi: Gujarat
svenska: Gujarat
Tagalog: Gujarat
తెలుగు: గుజరాత్
тоҷикӣ: Гуҷарот
ತುಳು: ಗುಜರಾತ್
Türkçe: Gucerat
Türkmençe: Güjerat
українська: Гуджарат
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: گۇجارات
vèneto: Gujarat
Tiếng Việt: Gujarat
Winaray: Gujarat
ייִדיש: גודזשאראט
Yorùbá: Gujarat
Zazaki: Gucerat
डोटेली: गुजरात