Gujarat

Gujarat
State
Gir Forest National Park is home to the only wild population of the Asiatic lion in the world.
Gir Forest National Park is home to the only wild population of the Asiatic lion in the world.
Gujarat
Seal
Gujarat in India
Location of Gujarat in India
Coordinates (Gandhinagar): 23°13′N 72°41′E / 23°13′N 72°41′E / 23.217; 72.683
Country India
Formation1 May 1960
CapitalGandhinagar
Largest cityAhmedabad
Districts33
Government
 • GovernorOm Prakash Kohli
 • Chief MinisterVijay Rupani
 • LegislatureUnicameral (182 seats)
 • Parliamentary constituency26
 • High CourtGujarat High Court
Area
 • Total196,024 km2 (75,685 sq mi)
Area rank6th
Population (2011)
 • Total60,383,628
 • Rank9th
 • Density308/km2 (800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Gujarati
GDP (2018–19)[1][2]
 • Total14.96 lakh crore (US$220 billion)
 • Per capita156,691 (US$2,300)
Time zoneIST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 codeIN-GJ
Vehicle registrationGJ
HDIIncrease 0.6164
HDI rank11th (2015)[3]
Literacy Rate79.31% (2011 census)
Official languages
Websitegujaratindia.com

The state of Bombay was divided into two states i.e. Maharashtra and Gujarat by the Bombay (Reorganisation) Act 1960

Symbols of Gujarat[6] (de facto)
LanguageGujarati[4]
Song"Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat" by Narmad[7]
CalendarSaka
AnimalAsiatic lion[6]
BirdGreater flamingo[6]
FlowerMarigold (galgota)[6]
FruitMango[8]
TreeBanyan[6]

Gujarat (t/ Gujarat  ['gudʒəɾɑt̪] (About this sound listen)) is a state in Western India[4][9][10][11][12] and Northwest India[13][14][15][16] with an area of 196,024 km2 (75,685 sq mi), a coastline of 1,600 km (990 mi) – most of which lies on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million. It is bordered by Rajasthan to the northeast, Daman and Diu to the south, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Maharashtra to the southeast, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad.[17] The Gujarati-speaking people of India are indigenous to the state. Gujarat is the third-largest state economy in India with 14.96 lakh crore (US$220 billion) in gross domestic product.

The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, such as Lothal, Dholavira, and Gola Dhoro. Lothal is believed to be one of the world's first seaports. Gujarat's coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and trading centers in the Maurya and Gupta empires, and during the succession of royal Saka dynasties from the Western Satraps era. Along with Bihar and Nagaland, Gujarat is one of the three Indian states to prohibit the sale of alcohol.

Etymology

Modern-day Gujarat is derived from Sanskrit term Gurjaradesa, meaning the land of the Gurjars, supposedly a subtribe of the Huns who ruled Gujarat in the 8th and 9th centuries CE.[18][19][20][21] Parts of modern Rajasthan and Gujarat have been known as Gurjaratra or Gurjarabhumi (land of the Gurjars) for centuries before the Mughal period.[22]

Other Languages
Acèh: Gujarat
Afrikaans: Gujarat
አማርኛ: ጉጀራት
Ænglisc: Gujarat
العربية: كجرات
aragonés: Gucharat
অসমীয়া: গুজৰাট
asturianu: Guyarat
azərbaycanca: Qucarat
تۆرکجه: قجرات
বাংলা: গুজরাত
Bân-lâm-gú: Gujarat
беларуская: Гуджарат
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гуджарат
भोजपुरी: गुजरात
български: Гуджарат
བོད་ཡིག: གྷུ་ཇ་རཱཏ།
brezhoneg: Gujarat
català: Gujarat
čeština: Gudžarát
Cymraeg: Gujarat
dansk: Gujarat
Deutsch: Gujarat
ދިވެހިބަސް: ގުޖުރާތު
dolnoserbski: Gudžarat
eesti: Gujarat
Ελληνικά: Γκουτζαράτ
español: Guyarat
Esperanto: Guĝarato
euskara: Gujarat
فارسی: گجرات
Fiji Hindi: Gujarat
français: Gujarat
ગુજરાતી: ગુજરાત
गोंयची कोंकणी / Gõychi Konknni: गुजरात
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Gujarat
한국어: 구자라트 주
Հայերեն: Գուջարաթ
हिन्दी: गुजरात
hornjoserbsce: Gudźarat
hrvatski: Gudžerat
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: গুজরাত
Bahasa Indonesia: Gujarat
interlingua: Gujarat
íslenska: Gújarat
italiano: Gujarat
עברית: גוג'ראט
ಕನ್ನಡ: ಗುಜರಾತ್
Kapampangan: Gujarat
ქართული: გუჯარათი
कॉशुर / کٲشُر: گجرات
Kiswahili: Gujarat
лезги: Гуджарат
لۊری شومالی: گوجرات
Latina: Guzarata
latviešu: Gudžarāta
lietuvių: Gudžaratas
magyar: Gudzsarát
मैथिली: गुजरात
македонски: Гуџарат
Malagasy: Gujarat
മലയാളം: ഗുജറാത്ത്‌
मराठी: गुजरात
მარგალური: გუჯარათი
مصرى: جوجرات
Bahasa Melayu: Gujarat
монгол: Гужарат
Nederlands: Gujarat
नेपाली: गुजरात
नेपाल भाषा: गुजरात
нохчийн: Гуджарат
Nordfriisk: Gujarat
norsk: Gujarat
norsk nynorsk: Gujarat
occitan: Gujarat
ଓଡ଼ିଆ: ଗୁଜରାଟ
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gujarot
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗੁਜਰਾਤ
پښتو: گوجرات
polski: Gudźarat
português: Gujarate
română: Gujarat
русский: Гуджарат
संस्कृतम्: गुजरातराज्यम्
Scots: Gujarat
shqip: Guxharat
සිංහල: ගුජරාටය
Simple English: Gujarat
سنڌي: گجرات
slovenčina: Gudžarát
slovenščina: Gudžarat
српски / srpski: Гуџарат
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gujarat
suomi: Gujarat
svenska: Gujarat
Tagalog: Gujarat
తెలుగు: గుజరాత్
тоҷикӣ: Гуҷарот
ತುಳು: ಗುಜರಾತ್
Türkçe: Gucerat
Türkmençe: Güjerat
українська: Гуджарат
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: گۇجارات
vèneto: Gujarat
Tiếng Việt: Gujarat
Winaray: Gujarat
ייִדיש: גודזשאראט
Yorùbá: Gujarat
Zazaki: Gucerat
डोटेली: गुजरात