Guantanamo Bay Naval Base

United States Naval Station
Guantanamo Bay
Guantánamo Bay, Cuba
Gitmo Aerial.jpg
Aerial view of McCalla Field, Guantanamo Bay (looking north-east)
Seal of Guantanamo Bay Naval Base.svg
TypeMilitary base
Site information
Controlled by United States Navy
Site history
In use1898–present
Battles/warsBattle of Guantánamo Bay
Garrison information
Captain John A. Fisher, USN
Map of Guantánamo Bay showing approximate U.S. Naval Base boundaries

Guantanamo Bay Naval Base (Spanish: Base Naval de la Bahía de Guantánamo), officially known as Naval Station Guantanamo Bay or NSGB (also called GTMO because of the abbreviation of Guantanamo or Gitmo because of the common pronunciation of this word by the U.S. military[1]), is a United States military base and detention camp located on 120 square kilometers (45 sq mi) of land and water at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, which the U.S. leased for use as a coaling station and naval base in 1903. The lease was $2,000 in gold per year until 1934, when the payment was set to match the value in gold in dollars;[2] in 1974, the yearly lease was set to $4,085.[3] The base is on the shore of Guantánamo Bay at the southeastern end of Cuba. It is the oldest overseas U.S. Naval Base.[4] Since the Cuban Revolution of 1959, the Cuban government has consistently protested against the U.S. presence on Cuban soil and called it illegal under international law, alleging that the base was imposed on Cuba by force.

Since 2002, the naval base has contained a military prison, the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, for alleged unlawful combatants captured in Afghanistan, Iraq, and other places during the War on Terror.[5] Cases of torture of prisoners,[6] and their denial of protection under the Geneva Conventions, have been condemned internationally.[7][8]

Units and commands

Resident units

  • Headquarters, Naval Station Guantanamo Bay
  • Customer Service Desk (CSD)[9]
  • Joint Task Force Guantanamo[9][10][11]
    • Headquarters, JTF Guantanamo
    • Joint Detention Group
    • Joint Intelligence Group
    • Joint Medical Group
    • U.S. Coast Guard Maritime Security Detachment Guantanamo Bay
  • Marine Corps Security Force Company[9]
  • Naval Computer and Telecommunications Area Master Station Atlantic Detachment Guantanamo Bay[9]
  • Naval Hospital Guantanamo Bay[10]
  • Navy Supply[9]
  • Navy Security Forces
  • SEABEE Detachment
  • U.S. Coast Guard Aviation Detachment Guantanamo Bay

Assigned units

Homeported watercraft

  • YC 1639 (open lighter)[15][16][17]
  • Leeward (YFB-92) (ferry boat)[15][18]
  • Windward (YFB-93) (ferry boat)[15][19]
  • YON 258 (non-self propelled fuel oil barge)[15][20]
  • USS Wanamassa (YTB-820) (large Harbor Tug)[15][21]
  • LCU 1671 and MK-8: landing craft used as an alternate ferry for transportation to areas inaccessible by the primary ferry and for moving hazardous cargo.[22]
  • GTMO-5, GTMO-6 and GTMO-7 (50-ft. utility boats): used for personnel transportation during off-ferry hours.[22]

Civilian contractors

Besides servicemembers, the base houses a large number of civilian contractors working for the military. Many of these contractors are migrant workers from Jamaica and the Philippines, and are thought to constitute up to 40% of the base's population.[23]

Major contractors working at NSGB have included the following:

  • KBR
  • Schuyler Line Navigation Company (SYLF)
  • Satellite Communication Systems Incorporated
  • Centerra
  • Islands Mechanical Contractor
  • Munilla Construction Management
  • RQ Construction
  • MCM Construction
  • J&J Worldwide Services
  • Vectrus -

Cargo shipping

Ocean transportation is provided by Schuyler Line Navigation Company, a U.S. Flag Ocean Carrier. Schuyler Line operates under government contract to supply sustainment and building supplies to the base.[24]

Other Languages
Nederlands: Guantanamo Bay
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Vojna baza Guantanamo