Guano

The nest of the Peruvian booby is made of almost pure guano.
The Guanay cormorant has historically been the most important producer of guano.

Guano (from Quechua "wani" via Spanish) is the accumulated excrement of seabirds or, for bat guano, cave-dwelling bats. [1][ unreliable source?] As a manure, guano is a highly effective fertilizer due to its exceptionally high content of nitrogen, phosphate and potassium: nutrients essential for plant growth. The 19th-century guano trade played a pivotal role in the development of modern input-intensive farming practices and inspired the formal human colonization of remote bird islands in many parts of the world. During the twentieth century, guano-producing birds became an important target of conservation programs and influenced the development of environmental consciousness. Today, guano is increasingly sought after by organic farmers. [2]

Composition

Seabird guano consists of nitrogen-rich ammonium oxalate and urate, phosphates, as well as some earth salts and impurities. Unleached guano from favored locales, such as the Chincha Islands off the coast of Peru, typically contains 8 to 16 percent nitrogen (the majority of which is uric acid), 8 to 12 percent equivalent phosphoric acid, and 2 to 3 percent equivalent potash. [3] [4] The fresh excrement of insect-eating bats can have nitrogen levels approximating that of seabird guano and high phosphate levels, but bat guano typically has less fertilizing value than seabird guano from arid areas because its nitrogen content is more easily leached within cave environments. [5]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Ghwano
العربية: ذرق الطائر
Aymar aru: Mataxi
বাংলা: গুয়ানো
беларуская: Гуана
български: Гуано
català: Guano
čeština: Guáno
dansk: Guano
Deutsch: Guano
eesti: Guaano
Ελληνικά: Γκουανό
español: Guano
Esperanto: Guano
euskara: Guano
فارسی: کود مرغی
français: Guano
Gaeilge: Guanó
galego: Guano
한국어: 구아노
hrvatski: Guano
Ido: Guano
Bahasa Indonesia: Guano
italiano: Guano
עברית: גואנו
къарачай-малкъар: Гуано
Latina: Guanum
latviešu: Gvano
lietuvių: Guanas
magyar: Guanó
Bahasa Melayu: Guano
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ငှက်ချေးမြေဩဇာ
Nederlands: Guano
日本語: グアノ
Nordfriisk: Guano
norsk: Guano
norsk nynorsk: Guano
occitan: Güano
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Guano
polski: Guano
português: Guano
română: Guano
Runa Simi: Wanay wanu
русский: Гуано
Scots: Guanae
Simple English: Guano
slovenčina: Guáno
slovenščina: Gvano
српски / srpski: Гвано
Basa Sunda: Guano
suomi: Guano
svenska: Guano
Türkçe: Guano
українська: Гуано
Tiếng Việt: Phân chim
中文: 海鸟粪