Gran Canaria Airport

Gran Canaria Airport
Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria
Gran Canaria air logo.png
Gran Canaria International Airport R01.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerENAIRE
OperatorAena
ServesGran Canaria
LocationTelde and Ingenio, Spain
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL24 m / 78 ft
Coordinates27°55′55″N 015°23′12″W / 27°55′55″N 015°23′12″W / 27.93194; -15.38667
Map
LPA is located in Canary Islands
LPA
LPA
Location within the Canary Islands
Runways
DirectionLengthSurface
mft
03L/21R3,10010,171Asphalt concrete
03R/21L3,10010,171Asphalt concrete
Statistics (2017)
Passengers13,092,117
Passenger change 16-17Increase8.3%
Aircraft Movements118,554
Movements change 16-17Increase5.9%
Cargo (tonnes)18,045
Cargo change 16-17Decrease3.1%
Sources: Passenger Traffic, AENA[1]
Spanish AIP, AENA[2]

Gran Canaria Airport (IATA: LPA, ICAO: GCLP), (sometimes also known as Gando Airport), (Spanish: Aeropuerto de Gran Canaria) is a passenger and freight airport on the island of Gran Canaria. It is an important airport within the Spanish air-transport network (owned and managed by a public enterprise, AENA), as it holds the sixth position in terms of passengers, and fifth in terms of operations and cargo transported. It is also ranks first of the Canary Islands in all three categories, although the island of Tenerife has higher passenger numbers overall due to the two airports located on the island.[3]

The airport is located in the eastern part of Gran Canaria on the Bay of Gando (Bahía de Gando), 19 km (12 mi) south[4] of center of the city of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, and 25 km (16 mi) from the popular tourist areas in the south. In 2014 it handled over 10.3 million passengers, ranking as the 5th Spanish airport by passenger transit and the 1st airport by visitors in the Canary Islands.[5] Gran Canaria Airport remains as a relevant connecting airport for passengers travelling to West Africa (Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Senegal, Cape Verde, among others), and to the Atlantic Isles of Madeira and the Azores. It is the operative base for Binter Canarias, NAYSA, Canaryfly, Ryanair, Norwegian Air Shuttle and Vueling. Other airlines operate a base for connecting charter flights to Cape Verde and Gambia (TUI fly Deutschland and TUI fly Nordic), only in winter season.

History

In 1919, Frenchman Pierre George Latécoère was granted clearance from the French & Spanish governments to establish an airline route between Toulouse & Casablanca. This also included stopovers in Málaga, Alicante and Barcelona. The airport opened on 7 April 1930, after King Alfonso XIII signed a royal order announcing that the military air force installations on the Bay of Gando would become a civilian airfield. In its existence, the airport has become the largest gateway into the Canary Islands, as well as the largest in terms of passenger and cargo operations.

In 1946, the old passenger terminal opened, which took two years to build.[6] In 1948 a runway was built, which was completed and fully tarmaced in 1957.

In 1963, improvements to the airport were made. This included new parking spaces, enlargement of the terminal and the provision of a visual approach slope indicator system. In 1964, a transmission station was built. In 1966 a new control tower was completed, replacing the old control tower that was constructed in 1946.[citation needed] In 1970, work began on the current passenger terminal that is being used to operate flights today. The new terminal opened in March 1973. During this time, a second runway was being built and this was completed in 1980.[citation needed]

On 18 February 1988, Binter Canarias announced that the airline's main base was to be established at Gran Canaria. The base opened on 26 March 1989. In October 1991, the terminal was enlarged with improved facilities so it could handle more passengers.

In December 2010, low cost carrier Ryanair announced the opening of 3 new bases on the Canary Islands.[citation needed] In addition to Gran Canaria these include Lanzarote and Tenerife South. Ryanair presently operates 30 routes from Gran Canaria. The airport was an official alternative (emergency) landing site for the NASA Space Shuttle, before the ending of the Space Shuttle programme in July 2011.

As of 2011, there was a programme to expand the airport building a new terminal and a new runway.[7] In 2015 a major renovation of Gran Canaria airport was completed. Among the improvements was increasing the number of baggage belts, 16 to 24, check-in counters from 96 to 132 and gates, up to 40. The new terminal area is now fully active, doubling the previous area. There is also a plan for the building of a new runway for the airport.

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