Grímnismál

"No one gave him a thought of pity save little Agnar" by George Wright. The younger Agnarr offering the tortured Grímnir something to drink.

Grímnismál (Sayings of Grímnir) is one of the mythological poems of the Poetic Edda. It is preserved in the Codex Regius manuscript and the AM 748 I 4to fragment. It is spoken through the voice of Grímnir, one of the many guises of the god Odin. The very name suggests guise, or mask or hood. Through an error, King Geirröth tortured Odin-as-Grímnir, a fatal mistake, since Odin caused him to fall upon his own sword. The poem is written mostly in the ljóðaháttr metre,[1] typical for wisdom verse.

Structure and history

The work starts out with a lengthy prose section describing the circumstances leading up to Grímnir's monologue. The monologue itself comprises 54 stanzas of poetic verse describing the worlds and Odin's many guises. The third and last part of the poem is also prose, a brief description of Geirröth's demise, his son's ascension, and Odin's disappearance.

The prose sections were most likely not part of the original oral versions of Grímnismál. Henry Adams Bellows suggests that they were added in the 12th or 13th century and based on some sort of narrative tradition regarding the poem. This is not entirely certain. The poem itself was likely composed in the first half of the 10th century.[2]

Other Languages
български: Гримнисмал
català: Grímnismál
Deutsch: Grímnismál
español: Grímnismál
Esperanto: Grímnismál
euskara: Grimnismal
français: Grímnismál
italiano: Grímnismál
Nederlands: Grímnismál
norsk nynorsk: Grimnesmål
português: Grímnismál
українська: Мова Ґрімніра