Governor of Baja California

Governor of Baja California
Coat of arms of Baja California.svg
Governor Francisco Vega with Ambassador Anthony Wayne.jpg
Francisco Vega de Lamadrid

since November 1, 2013
Inaugural holderAlfonso García González
FormationNovember 26, 1952

The Governor of Baja California represents the executive branch of the government of the state of Baja California, Mexico, per the state's constitution. The official title is "Free and Sovereign State of Baja California" (Estado Libre y Soberano de Baja California), and the position is democratically elected for a period of 6 years, and is not re-electable. The governor's term begins November 1 of the year of the election and finishes October 31, six years later.

History of the position

The present state of Baja California had its origin in 1888, when then President Porfirio Díaz, decreed the division of the Federal Territory of Baja California into two districts, the north and the south. The capital and most of the population of the old territory had been in the south, closer to the area's maritime passage. The north was mostly isolated by the sea and by the desert. Toward end of the 19th century this began to change, with more and more development, and it became necessary to divide the territory into two districts.

The initial capital of the North District was the port of Ensenada, and each one of the two districts remained governed by a political leader appointed by the territory, although officially they continued being territorial a single unit.

The constitution of 1917 maintained the existence of the Federal Territory divided into two districts, but changed the denomination of the Chief Executive into Governors, maintaining this division until 1931 when finally two independent Districts were formed from the Federal Territories.

Finally in 1952 the north territory became the State Free and Sovereign of Baja California.