Government of Canada

Her Majesty's Government
Gouvernement de Sa Majesté
Government of Canada signature.svg
The bilingual Government of Canada wordmark
Formation1867 July 1
Head of stateQueen Elizabeth II
Viceregal representativeGovernor General Julie Payette
SeatRideau Hall
Legislative (Queen-in-Parliament)
Meeting placeCentre Block
Executive (Queen-in-Council)
Main bodyQueen's Privy Council for Canada
LeaderPresident of the Privy Council
Main organCabinet
Head of governmentPrime Minister Justin Trudeau
Meeting placeOffice of the Prime Minister and Privy Council
Judicial (Queen on the Bench)
CourtSupreme court
St Edward's Crown with maple leaves.svg
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The Government of Canada (French: Gouvernement du Canada), officially Her Majesty's Government[1][2][3] (French: Gouvernement de Sa Majesté), is the federal administration of Canada. In Canadian English, the term can mean either the collective set of institutions or specifically the Queen-in-Council. In both senses, the current construct was established at Confederation through the Constitution Act, 1867—as a federal constitutional monarchy, wherein the Canadian Crown acts as the core, or "the most basic building block",[4] of its Westminster-style parliamentary democracy.[5] The Crown is thus the foundation of the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Canadian government.[6][7][8] Further elements of governance are outlined in the rest of the Canadian Constitution, which includes written statutes, court rulings, and unwritten conventions developed over centuries.[9]

The monarch (currently Queen Elizabeth II) is personally represented by the Governor General of Canada (currently Julie Payette). The Queen's Privy Council for Canada is the body that advises the sovereign or viceroy on the exercise of executive power. However, in practice, that task is performed only by the Cabinet, a committee within the Privy Council composed of ministers of the Crown, who are drawn from and responsible to the elected House of Commons in parliament. The Cabinet is headed by the prime minister (currently Justin Trudeau), who is appointed by the governor general after securing the confidence of the House of Commons.


The wordmark of the Government of Canada

In Canadian English, the word government is used to refer both to the whole set of institutions that govern the country (as in American usage, but where Britons would use state), and to the current political leadership (as in British usage, but where Americans would use administration).

In federal department press releases, the government has sometimes been referred to by the phrase [last name of prime minister] Government; this terminology has been commonly employed in the media. [10] In late 2010, an informal instruction from the Office of the Prime Minister urged government departments to consistently use in all department communications the term (at that time Harper Government) in place of Government of Canada.[11] The same cabinet earlier directed its press department to use the phrase Canada's New Government.[10]