Goths

Gothic soldiers on the Missorium of Theodosius I, made in 388 AD
The Mausoleum of Theodoric, a Gothic monarch, in Ravenna, Italy

The Goths (Gothic: Gut-þiuda; Latin: Gothi) were an East Germanic people, two of whose branches, the Visigoths and the Ostrogoths, played an important role in the fall of the Western Roman Empire through the long series of Gothic Wars and in the emergence of Medieval Europe. The Goths dominated a vast area,[1] which at its peak under the Germanic king Ermanaric and his sub-king Athanaric possibly extended all the way from the Danube to the Don, and from the Black Sea to the Baltic Sea.[2]

The Goths spoke the Gothic language, one of the extinct East Germanic languages. It was last spoken in Crimea in the 17th century by the Crimean Goths.

Etymology

Götaland, south Sweden, with the island of Gotland in the east, a possible origin of the Goths; the southernmost and westernmost parts, Scania, Halland, Blekinge and Bohuslän, were originally not a part of Götaland, but were Dano-Norwegian territory until 1658.

In the Gothic language of Ostrogothic Italy they were called the Gut-þiuda, most commonly translated as "Gothic people", but only attested as dative singular Gut-þiudai;[3] another name, Gutans, is inferred from a genitive plural form gutani in the Pietroassa inscription.[4] In Old Norse they were known as the Gutar or Gotar, in Latin as the Gothi, and in Greek as the Γότθοι, Gótthoi.

The Goths have been referred to by many names, perhaps at least in part because they comprised many separate ethnic groups, but also because in early accounts of Indo-European and later Germanic migrations in the Migration Period in general it was common practice to use various names to refer to the same group. The Goths believed (as most modern scholars do)[5] that the various names all derived from a single prehistoric ethnonym that referred originally to a uniform culture that flourished around the middle of the first millennium BC, i.e., the original Goths.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Gote
Alemannisch: Goten
Ænglisc: Gotan
العربية: قوط
aragonés: Godos
asturianu: Pueblu godu
azərbaycanca: Qotlar
Bân-lâm-gú: Goth lâng
беларуская: Готы
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Готы
български: Готи
Boarisch: Gotn
bosanski: Goti
brezhoneg: Goted
català: Gots
Чӑвашла: Готсем
čeština: Gótové
Cymraeg: Gothiaid
dansk: Gotere
Deutsch: Goten
eesti: Goodid
Ελληνικά: Γότθοι
español: Pueblo godo
Esperanto: Gotoj
euskara: Godo
فارسی: گوت‌ها
français: Goths
Frysk: Goaten
Gaeilge: Goit
galego: Godos
𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌹𐍃𐌺: 𐌲𐌿𐍄𐌰𐌽𐍃
한국어: 고트인
հայերեն: Գոթեր
हिन्दी: गोथ
hrvatski: Goti
Bahasa Indonesia: Goth
íslenska: Gotar
italiano: Goti
עברית: גותים
ქართული: გუთები
kurdî: Got
Latina: Gothi
latviešu: Goti
lietuvių: Gotai
Lingua Franca Nova: Goto
lumbaart: Goti
magyar: Gótok
македонски: Готи
മലയാളം: ഗോത്ത്
مصرى: جوث
монгол: Гот
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂေါ့သလူမျိုး
Nederlands: Goten
Nedersaksies: Goten
日本語: ゴート族
norsk: Gotere
norsk nynorsk: Gotarar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gotlar
Piemontèis: Gòt
Plattdüütsch: Goten
polski: Goci
português: Godos
română: Goți
русский: Готы
Scots: Goths
shqip: Gotët
sicilianu: Goti
Simple English: Goths
slovenčina: Góti
slovenščina: Goti
српски / srpski: Готи
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Goti
suomi: Gootit
svenska: Goter
татарча/tatarça: Готлар
Türkçe: Gotlar
українська: Готи
Tiếng Việt: Goth
粵語: 哥德人
中文: 哥特人