Good Friday

Good Friday
Wüger Kreuzigung.jpg
A Stabat Mater depiction, 1868
TypeChristian
SignificanceCommemorates the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ
CelebrationsNo traditional celebrations
ObservancesWorship services, prayer and vigil services, fasting, almsgiving
DateThe Friday immediately preceding Easter Sunday
2018 date
  • March 30 (Western)
  • April 6 (Eastern)
2019 date
  • April 19[1] (Western)
  • April 26 (Eastern)
2020 date
  • April 10 (Western)
  • April 17 (Eastern)
2021 date
  • April 2 (Western)
  • April 30 (Eastern)
FrequencyAnnual
Related toPassover, Christmas (which celebrates the birth of Jesus), Septuagesima, Quinquagesima, Shrove Tuesday, Ash Wednesday, Lent, Palm Sunday, Spy Wednesday, Maundy Thursday, and Holy Saturday which lead up to Easter, Easter Sunday (primarily), Divine Mercy Sunday, Ascension, Pentecost, Whit Monday, Trinity Sunday, Corpus Christi and Feast of the Sacred Heart which follow it. It is related to the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, which focuses on the benefits, graces, and merits of the Cross, rather than Jesus's death.

Good Friday is a Christian holiday commemorating the crucifixion of Jesus and his death at Calvary. It is observed during Holy Week as part of the Paschal Triduum on the Friday preceding Easter Sunday, and may coincide with the Jewish observance of Passover. It is also known as Holy Friday, Great Friday, and Black Friday.[2][3][4]

Members of many Christian denominations, including the Anglican, Catholic, Protestant, Eastern Orthodox, Lutheran, Methodist, Oriental Orthodox, and Reformed traditions, observe Good Friday with fasting and church services.[5][6][7]

The date of Good Friday varies from one year to the next on both the Gregorian and Julian calendars. Eastern and Western Christianity disagree over the computation of the date of Easter and therefore of Good Friday. Good Friday is a widely instituted legal holiday around the world, including in most Western countries and 12 U.S. states.[8] Some countries, such as Germany, have laws prohibiting certain acts, such as dancing and horse racing, that are seen as profaning the solemn nature of the day.[9][10]

Name

Etymology

A common folk etymology claims "Good Friday" is a corruption of "God Friday", as was the case with the contraction goodbye. The term in fact comes from the sense "pious, holy" of the word good.[11] The Oxford English Dictionary also gives other examples with the sense "of a day or season observed as holy by the church" as an archaic sense of good (good, adj. 8c) as in good tide meaning "Christmas" or "Shrove Tuesday", and Good Wednesday meaning the Wednesday in Holy Week.[12]

The Baltimore Catechism states that this day is called "Good Friday" because Jesus "showed his great love for man, and purchased for him every blessing".[13]

Other languages

In Dutch Good Friday is known as Goede Vrijdag, in Frisian as Goedfreed. In German-speaking countries, Good Friday is generally referred to as Karfreitag (Kar from Old High German kara‚ "bewail", "grieve"‚ "mourn", Freitag for "Friday"): Mourning Friday. The Kar prefix is a cognate of the English word "care" in the sense of cares and woes; it meant mourning. The day is also known as Stiller Freitag ("Silent Friday") and Hoher Freitag ("High Friday, Holy Friday"). In the Nordic countries it is called "The Long Friday". In Greek, Polish and Hungarian, Good Friday is generally referred to as Great Friday (Μεγάλη Παρασκευή, Wielki Piątek, Nagypéntek). In Bulgarian, Good Friday is called either Велики петъкGreat Friday, or, more commonly, Разпети петък (approximate pronunciation 'razpeti petak') which literally translates to "Crucified Friday".

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Goeie Vrydag
Alemannisch: Karfreitag
aragonés: Viernes Santo
অসমীয়া: গুড ফ্ৰাইডে
беларуская: Вялікая пятніца
Bikol Central: Biyernes Santo
български: Разпети петък
bosanski: Veliki petak
brezhoneg: Gwener-ar-Groaz
čeština: Velký pátek
dansk: Langfredag
davvisámegiella: Guhkesbearjadat
Deitsch: Karfreidaag
Deutsch: Karfreitag
eesti: Suur reede
español: Viernes Santo
Esperanto: Granda vendredo
فارسی: آدینه نیک
français: Vendredi saint
Frysk: Goedfreed
furlan: Vinars Sant
galego: Venres Santo
ગુજરાતી: ગુડફ્રાઈડે
한국어: 성금요일
հայերեն: Ավագ Ուրբաթ
hrvatski: Veliki petak
Bahasa Indonesia: Jumat Agung
Interlingue: Sant Venerdí
italiano: Venerdì santo
Kiswahili: Ijumaa Kuu
Lëtzebuergesch: Karfreideg
Limburgs: Goje Vriedig
magyar: Nagypéntek
македонски: Велики Петок
მარგალური: დიდი ობიშხა
Bahasa Melayu: Jumaat Agung
Nederlands: Goede Vrijdag
日本語: 聖金曜日
norsk: Langfredag
norsk nynorsk: Langfredag
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗੁਡ ਫਰਾਈਡੇ
Pälzisch: Karfreitag
Plattdüütsch: Stillfreedag
português: Sexta-feira Santa
română: Vinerea Mare
rumantsch: Venderdi Sontg
Simple English: Good Friday
slovenčina: Veľký piatok
slovenščina: Veliki petek
српски / srpski: Велики петак
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Veliki petak
svenska: Långfredagen
Türkçe: Kutsal Cuma
українська: Страсна п'ятниця
Tiếng Việt: Thứ sáu Tuần Thánh
Zazaki: Yeneyo Eziz
中文: 聖週五