Golden Lion

Golden Lion (Leone d'Oro)
Golden Lion size.jpg
LocationVenice
CountryItaly
Presented byVenice Film Festival
First awarded1949

The Golden Lion (Italian: Leone d'Oro) is the highest prize given to a film at the Venice Film Festival. The prize was introduced in 1949 by the organizing committee and is now regarded as one of the film industry's most distinguished prizes. In 1970, a second Golden Lion was introduced; this is an honorary award for people who have made an important contribution to cinema.

The prize was introduced in 1949 as the Golden Lion of Saint Mark (the winged lion which had appeared on the flag of the Republic of Venice).[1] Previously, the equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia (Grand International Prize of Venice), awarded in 1947 and 1948. Before that, from 1934 until 1942, the highest awards were the Coppa Mussolini (Mussolini Cups) for Best Italian Film and Best Foreign Film.

No Golden Lions were awarded between 1969 and 1979. According to the Biennale's official website, this hiatus was a result of the 1968 Lion being awarded to the radically experimental Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos; the website says that the awards "still had a statute dating back to the fascist era and could not side-step the general political climate. Sixty-eight produced a dramatic fracture with the past".[2]

14 French films have been awarded the Golden Lion, more than that of any other nation. However, there is considerable geographical diversity in the winners. Five American filmmakers have won the Golden Lion, with awards for John Cassavetes and Robert Altman (both times the awards were shared with other winners who tied), as well as Ang Lee (Brokeback Mountain was the first winning US film not to tie), Darren Aronofsky and Sofia Coppola.

Although prior to 1980, only 3 of 21 winners were of non-European origins, since the 1980s, the Golden Lion has been presented to a number of Asian filmmakers, particularly in comparison to the Cannes Film Festival's top prize, the Palme d'Or, which has only been awarded to five Asian filmmakers since 1980. The Golden Lion, by contrast, has been awarded to ten Asians during the same time period, with two of these filmmakers winning it twice. Ang Lee won the Golden Lion twice within three years during the 2000s, once for an American film and once for a Chinese-language film. Zhang Yimou has also won twice. Other Asians to win the Golden Lion since 1980 include Jia Zhangke, Hou Hsiao-hsien, Tsai Ming-liang, Trần Anh Hùng, Takeshi Kitano, Kim Ki-duk, Jafar Panahi, Mira Nair, and Lav Diaz. Russian filmmakers have also won the Golden Lion several times, including since the end of the USSR.

Still, to date 33 of the 54 winners were European men (including Soviet/Russian winners). Since 1949 only four women have ever won the Golden Lion for directing: Mira Nair, Sofia Coppola, German Margarethe von Trotta and Belgium's Agnès Varda. In comparison to the other major Western European festivals, the Berlinale's Golden Bear has also been awarded to four women. In the history of Cannes, only one woman filmmaker has been awarded the Palme d'Or.

Golden Lion

The following films received the Golden Lions or the major awards of the Venice Film Festival:[3]

Year English title Original title Director Country of origin
1940s
1946-1948 - Awarded as Grand International Prize of Venice
1946 The Southerner Jean Renoir USA
1947 The Strike Siréna Karel Steklý Czechoslovakia
1948 Hamlet Laurence Olivier UK
1949-present - Awarded as Golden Lion
1949 Manon Henri-Georges Clouzot France
1950s
1950 Justice Is Done Justice est faite André Cayatte France
1951 Rashōmon Akira Kurosawa Japan
1952 Forbidden Games Jeux interdits René Clément France
1953 No award
1954 Romeo and Juliet Renato Castellani Italy
1955 The Word Ordet Carl Theodor Dreyer Denmark
1956 No award [4]
1957 The Unvanquished Aparajito Satyajit Ray India
1958 Rickshaw Man Muhomatsu no issho Hiroshi Inagaki Japan
1959 General della Rovere (tie) Il generale della Rovere Roberto Rossellini Italy
The Great War (tie) La grande guerra Mario Monicelli
1960s
1960 Tomorrow Is My Turn Le passage du Rhin André Cayatte France
1961 Last Year in Marienbad L'année dernière à Marienbad Alain Resnais France
1962 Family Diary (tie) Cronaca familiare Valerio Zurlini Italy
Ivan's Childhood (tie) Ivanovo detstvo Andrei Tarkovsky Soviet Union
1963 Hands Over the City Le mani sulla città Francesco Rosi Italy
1964 Red Desert Il deserto rosso Michelangelo Antonioni Italy
1965 Sandra of a Thousand Delights Vaghe stelle dell'Orsa Luchino Visconti Italy
1966 The Battle of Algiers La battaglia di Algeri Gillo Pontecorvo Italy / Algeria
1967 Beauty of the Day Belle de jour Luis Buñuel France
1968 Artists Under the Big Top: Perplexed Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos Alexander Kluge West Germany
1969–79 No award
1980s
1980 Atlantic City (tie) Louis Malle Canada / France
Gloria (tie) John Cassavetes United States
1981 Marianne and Juliane Die Bleierne Zeit Margarethe von Trotta West Germany
1982 The State of Things Der Stand der Dinge Wim Wenders West Germany
1983 First Name: Carmen Prénom Carmen Jean-Luc Godard France
1984 A Year of the Quiet Sun Rok spokojnego słońca Krzysztof Zanussi Poland
1985 Vagabond Sans toit ni loi Agnès Varda France
1986 The Green Ray Le rayon vert Éric Rohmer France
1987 Au revoir les enfants Louis Malle France
1988 The Legend of the Holy Drinker La leggenda del santo bevitore Ermanno Olmi Italy
1989 A City of Sadness Bei qing cheng shi Hou Hsiao-hsien Taiwan
1990s
1990 Rosencrantz & Guildenstern Are Dead Tom Stoppard UK / USA
1991 Close to Eden Urga Nikita Mikhalkov Soviet Union
1992 The Story of Qiu Ju Qiu Ju da guan si Zhang Yimou China
1993 Short Cuts (tie) Robert Altman USA
Three Colors: Blue (tie) Trois couleurs: Bleu Krzysztof Kieślowski France / Poland
1994 Vive L'Amour (tie) Ai qing wan sui Tsai Ming-liang Taiwan
Before the Rain (tie) Пред дождот (Pred doždot) Milčo Mančevski Republic of Macedonia
1995 Cyclo Xich lo Anh Hung Tran France / Vietnam
1996 Michael Collins Neil Jordan Ireland
1997 Fireworks Hana-bi Takeshi Kitano Japan
1998 The Way We Laughed Così ridevano Gianni Amelio Italy
1999 Not One Less Yi ge dou bu neng shao Zhang Yimou China
2000s
2000 The Circle Dayereh Jafar Panahi Iran
2001 Monsoon Wedding Mira Nair USA / India
2002 The Magdalene Sisters Peter Mullan Ireland
2003 The Return Vozvrashcheniye Andrey Zvyagintsev Russia
2004 Vera Drake Mike Leigh United Kingdom
2005 Brokeback Mountain Ang Lee United States
2006 Still Life Sanxia haoren Jia Zhangke China
2007 Lust, Caution Se, jie Ang Lee USA / China / Taiwan
2008 The Wrestler Darren Aronofsky United States
2009 Lebanon Samuel Maoz Israel
2010s
2010 Somewhere Sofia Coppola United States
2011 Faust Alexander Sokurov Russia
2012 Pietà Kim Ki-duk South Korea
2013 Sacro GRA Gianfranco Rosi Italy
2014 A Pigeon Sat on a Branch Reflecting on Existence En duva satt på en gren och funderade på tillvaron Roy Andersson Sweden
2015 From Afar Desde allá Lorenzo Vigas Venezuela
2016 The Woman Who Left Ang Babaeng Humayo Lav Diaz Philippines
2017 The Shape of Water Guillermo del Toro United States
Other Languages
Afrikaans: Goue Leeu
asturianu: Llión d'Oru
azərbaycanca: Qızıl Şir
беларуская: Залаты леў
български: Златен лъв
bosanski: Zlatni lav
català: Lleó d'Or
čeština: Zlatý lev
dansk: Guldløven
eesti: Kuldlõvi
Ελληνικά: Χρυσός Λέοντας
español: León de Oro
Esperanto: Ora Leono
فارسی: شیر طلایی
français: Lion d'or
한국어: 황금사자상
hrvatski: Zlatni lav
Bahasa Indonesia: Singa Emas
italiano: Leone d'oro
ქართული: ოქროს ლომი
lietuvių: Auksinis liūtas
მარგალური: ორქოშ ნჯილო
日本語: 金獅子賞
norsk: Gulløven
occitan: Leon d'Aur
polski: Złoty Lew
português: Leão de Ouro
română: Leul de Aur
русский: Золотой лев
slovenščina: Zlati lev
српски / srpski: Златни лав
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zlatni lav
svenska: Guldlejonet
Türkçe: Altın Aslan
українська: Золотий лев
Tiếng Việt: Giải Sư tử vàng
中文: 金獅獎