Golden Lion

Golden Lion (Leone d'Oro)
Golden Lion size.jpg
LocationVenice
CountryItaly
Presented byVenice Film Festival
First awarded1949

The Golden Lion (Italian: Leone d'Oro) is the highest prize given to a film at the Venice Film Festival. The prize was introduced in 1949 by the organizing committee and is now regarded as one of the film industry's most distinguished prizes. In 1970, a second Golden Lion was introduced; this is an honorary award for people who have made an important contribution to cinema.

The prize was introduced in 1949 as the Golden Lion of Saint Mark (the winged lion which had appeared on the flag of the Republic of Venice).[1] Previously, the equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia (Grand International Prize of Venice), awarded in 1947 and 1948. Before that, from 1934 until 1942, the highest awards were the Coppa Mussolini (Mussolini Cups) for Best Italian Film and Best Foreign Film.

History

The prize was first awarded in 1949. Previously, the equivalent prize was the Gran Premio Internazionale di Venezia (Grand International Prize of Venice), awarded in 1947 and 1948. No Golden Lions were awarded between 1969 and 1979. According to the Biennale's official website, this hiatus was a result of the 1968 Lion being awarded to the radically experimental Die Artisten in der Zirkuskuppel: Ratlos; the website says that the awards "still had a statute dating back to the fascist era and could not side-step the general political climate. Sixty-eight produced a dramatic fracture with the past".[2] 14 French films have been awarded the Golden Lion, more than that of any other nation. However, there is considerable geographical diversity in the winners. Five American filmmakers have won the Golden Lion, with awards for John Cassavetes and Robert Altman (both times the awards were shared with other winners who tied), as well as Ang Lee (Brokeback Mountain was the first winning US film not to tie), Darren Aronofsky and Sofia Coppola.

Although prior to 1980, only 3 of 21 winners were of non-European origins, since the 1980s, the Golden Lion has been presented to a number of Asian filmmakers, particularly in comparison to the Cannes Film Festival's top prize, the Palme d'Or, which has only been awarded to five Asian filmmakers since 1980. The Golden Lion, by contrast, has been awarded to ten Asians during the same time period, with two of these filmmakers winning it twice. Ang Lee won the Golden Lion twice within three years during the 2000s, once for an American film and once for a Chinese-language film. Zhang Yimou has also won twice. Other Asians to win the Golden Lion since 1980 include Jia Zhangke, Hou Hsiao-hsien, Tsai Ming-liang, Trần Anh Hùng, Takeshi Kitano, Kim Ki-duk, Jafar Panahi, Mira Nair, and Lav Diaz. Russian filmmakers have also won the Golden Lion several times, including since the end of the USSR.

Still, to date 33 of the 54 winners were European men (including Soviet/Russian winners). Since 1949, only four women have ever won the Golden Lion for directing: Mira Nair, Sofia Coppola, German Margarethe von Trotta and Belgium's Agnès Varda.

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Goue Leeu
asturianu: Llión d'Oru
azərbaycanca: Qızıl Şir
беларуская: Залаты леў
български: Златен лъв
bosanski: Zlatni lav
català: Lleó d'Or
čeština: Zlatý lev
dansk: Guldløven
eesti: Kuldlõvi
Ελληνικά: Χρυσός Λέοντας
español: León de Oro
Esperanto: Ora Leono
فارسی: شیر طلایی
français: Lion d'or
한국어: 황금사자상
hrvatski: Zlatni lav
Bahasa Indonesia: Singa Emas
italiano: Leone d'oro
ქართული: ოქროს ლომი
lietuvių: Auksinis liūtas
მარგალური: ორქოშ ნჯილო
日本語: 金獅子賞
norsk: Gulløven
occitan: Leon d'Aur
polski: Złoty Lew
português: Leão de Ouro
română: Leul de Aur
русский: Золотой лев
slovenščina: Zlati lev
српски / srpski: Златни лав
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Zlatni lav
svenska: Guldlejonet
Türkçe: Altın Aslan
українська: Золотий лев
Tiếng Việt: Giải Sư tử vàng
吴语: 金狮奖
中文: 金獅獎