Flag terminology is the , or system of terms, used in nomenclature , the study of vexillology , to describe precisely the parts, patterns, and other attributes of flags and their display. flags
or bannerol Banderole A small flag or streamer carried on the lance of a
, or a long narrow flag flown from the mast-head of a ship. knight
Banner Generically, a synonym for a flag of any kind, and in heraldry specifically, a square or rectangular flag whose design is identical to the shield of a
; also denominated a coat of arms . banner of arms
Burgee A distinguishing flag of a recreational boating organisation, which commonly has the shape of a
, Civil ensign merchant flag, or merchant ensign A version of a national flag that is flown on civil ships to denote their nationality.
Civil flag A version of a national flag that is flown on civil installations or craft.
or color Colour The flag of a military unit.
or courtesy ensign Courtesy flag A flag that is flown on a visiting ship in foreign waters as a sign of respect for the foreign nation.
Ensign The flag of any ship or military unit, or, generically, a synonym for any kind of flag.
Fanion A small flag that the French military uses.
, gonfanon, or gonfalone Gonfalon A heraldic flag that is suspended and pendent from a crossbar.
Guidon A small flag that a military unit flies; in
, a smaller version of the standard (see below). Scottish heraldry
or pennant Pennon A flag that is wider at the hoist than at the fly.
Pipe banner A decorative flag for Scottish Highland bagpipes.
Prayer flag A kind of flag that is flown along mountain ridges and peaks in the
in order to bless the surrounding land. Himalayas
or distinguishing flag Rank flag A flag that a superior naval officer flies on his
or headquarters. flagship
Signal flag A flag or pennant that communicates or signals information that is not
, a long tapering flag that bears heraldry and the heraldic badges of the motto ; it may also refer to a armiger that cavalry units fly or a military colour of a monarch or member of a royal family. royal standard
or governmental flag State flag A version of a national flag that represents and may be restricted in use only to the national government and agencies thereof; the design of many state flags consists of the civil flag (see above)
with a defaced or other coat of arms . heraldic charge
Vexilloid A flag-like object that is used in a similar symbolic manner as a flag, but that differs from a conventional flag in some way.
Vexillum A flag-like object that is suspended from a horizontal crossbar; the Ancient Roman army used it as its military standard.
, military flag, or battle flag War flag A variant of a national flag that a nation's military forces use on land.
Windsock A conical textile tube that is used to indicate the direction and strength of wind.