Globe

A globe is a three- dimensional, spherical, scale model of Earth (terrestrial globe or geographical globe) or other celestial body such as a planet or moon. While models can be made of objects with arbitrary or irregular shapes, the term globe is used only for models of objects that are approximately spherical. The word “globe” comes from the Latin word globus, meaning round mass or sphere. Some terrestrial globes include relief to show mountains and other features on the Earth’s surface.

There are also globes, called celestial globes or astronomical globes, which are spherical representations of the celestial sphere, showing the apparent positions of the stars and constellations in the sky.

Terrestrial and planetary

Flat maps are created using a map projection that inevitably introduces an increasing amount of distortion the larger the area that the map shows. A globe is the only representation of the Earth that does not distort either the shape or the size of large features – land masses, bodies of water, etc.

The circumference of the Earth is quite close to 40 million metres. [1] [2] Many globes are made with a circumference of one metre, so they are models of the Earth at a scale of 1:40 million. In imperial units, many globes are made with a diameter of one  foot, yielding a circumference of 3.14 feet and a scale of 1:41,777,000. Globes are also made in many other sizes.

Sometimes a globe has surface texture showing topography; in these, elevations are exaggerated, otherwise they would be hardly visible. Most modern globes are also imprinted with parallels and meridians, so that one can tell the approximate coordinates of a specific place. Globes may also show the boundaries of countries and their names, a feature that can quickly become out of date, as countries change their name or borders.

Many terrestrial globes have one celestial feature marked on them: a diagram called the analemma, which shows the apparent motion of the Sun in the sky during a year.

Globes generally show north at the top, but many globes allow the axis to be swiveled so that southern portions can be viewed conveniently. This capability also permits exploring the earth from different orientations to help counter the north-up bias caused by conventional presentation.

Other Languages
asturianu: Globu terraqueu
azərbaycanca: Qlobus
башҡортса: Глобус
беларуская: Глобус
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Глёбус
български: Глобус
bosanski: Globus
Чӑвашла: Глобус
čeština: Glóbus
dansk: Globus
Deutsch: Globus
eesti: Gloobus
Esperanto: Globuso
euskara: Mundu bola
Gaeilge: Cruinneog
한국어: 지구의
Հայերեն: Գլոբուս
hrvatski: Globus (svijet)
Ido: Globo
Bahasa Indonesia: Globe
italiano: Globo
עברית: גלובוס
Basa Jawa: Globe
ქართული: გლობუსი
қазақша: Глобус
Кыргызча: Глобус
latviešu: Globuss
lietuvių: Gaublys
magyar: Földgömb
македонски: Глобус
Bahasa Melayu: Glob
Nederlands: Globe
日本語: 地球儀
norsk: Globus
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Globus
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਧਰਤ-ਗੋਲ਼ਾ
پنجابی: گلوب
polski: Globus
português: Globo terrestre
русский: Глобус
Scots: Globe
sicilianu: Crobbu
සිංහල: ලෝක ගෝලය
Simple English: Globe
slovenčina: Glóbus
slovenščina: Globus
српски / srpski: Глобус
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Globus
svenska: Jordglob
Tagalog: Globo
татарча/tatarça: Глобус
తెలుగు: గ్లోబు
тоҷикӣ: Глобус
українська: Глобус
اردو: کرہ ارض
vepsän kel’: Globus
Tiếng Việt: Quả địa cầu
Winaray: Globo
粵語: 地球儀
中文: 地球儀