Glasgow

Glasgow
Glesga
Glaschu
City and council area
Clockwise from top-left: night view of the SEC Armadillo and River Clyde; the Clyde Arc bridge; George Square with Glasgow City Chambers in the background; the main building of the University of Glasgow; Glasgow Harbour; Pacific Quay area, home of BBC Scotland and the Glasgow Science Centre
Clockwise from top-left: night view of the SEC Armadillo and River Clyde; the Clyde Arc bridge; George Square with Glasgow City Chambers in the background; the main building of the University of Glasgow; Glasgow Harbour; Pacific Quay area, home of BBC Scotland and the Glasgow Science Centre
Coat of arms of Glasgow
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): "Glesga", "The Dear Green Place"
Glasgow is located in Scotland
Glasgow
Glasgow
Location within Scotland
Glasgow is located in the United Kingdom
Glasgow
Glasgow
Location within the United Kingdom
Glasgow is located in Europe
Glasgow
Glasgow
Location within Europe
Coordinates: 55°51′28.8″N 4°15′32.4″W / 55°51′28.8″N 4°15′32.4″W / 55.858000; -4.259000
Sovereign StateUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Constituent CountryScotland Scotland
Council AreaGlasgow City
Subdivisions23 Wards
FoundedLate-sixth century
Burgh Charter1170s[2]
Government
 • Governing bodyGlasgow City Council
 • MSPs
 • MPs
Area
 • City and council area175 km2 (68 sq mi)
 • Urban368.5 km2 (142.3 sq mi)
 • Metro3,338 km2 (1,289 sq mi)
Population
 • City and council area621,020[1]
 • Density3,555/km2 (9,210/sq mi)
 • Urban1,209,143
 • Metro1,817,870
 • Language(s)English, Scots, Gaelic
Demonym(s)Glaswegian
Time zoneUTC±0 (Greenwich Mean Time)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (British Summer Time)
Postcode areasG1-G80
Area code(s)0141
OS grid referenceNS590655
International AirportsGlasgow Airport (GLA)
Glasgow Prestwick Airport (PIK)
Main Railway StationsGlasgow Central
Glasgow Queen Street
WebsiteCity website

Glasgow (s-/;[3][4] Scots: Glesga [ˈɡlezɡə]; Scottish Gaelic: Glaschu [ˈkl̪ˠas̪əxu]) is the most populous city in Scotland, and the third most populous city in the United Kingdom, as of the 2017 estimated city population of 621,020. Historically part of Lanarkshire, the city now forms the Glasgow City council area, one of the 32 council areas of Scotland; the local authority is Glasgow City Council. Glasgow is situated on the River Clyde in the country's West Central Lowlands. Inhabitants of the city are referred to as "Glaswegians" or "Weegies". It is the fifth most visited city in the UK.

Glasgow grew from a small rural settlement on the River Clyde to become the largest seaport in Britain. Expanding from the medieval bishopric and royal burgh, and the later establishment of the University of Glasgow in the fifteenth century, it became a major centre of the Scottish Enlightenment in the eighteenth century. From the eighteenth century onwards, the city also grew as one of Great Britain's main hubs of transatlantic trade with North America and the West Indies.

With the onset of the Industrial Revolution, the population and economy of Glasgow and the surrounding region expanded rapidly to become one of the world's pre-eminent centres of chemicals, textiles and engineering; most notably in the shipbuilding and marine engineering industry, which produced many innovative and famous vessels. Glasgow was the "Second City of the British Empire" for much of the Victorian era and Edwardian period, although many cities argue the title was theirs.[5][6][7][8]

In the late-19th and early-20th centuries, Glasgow's population grew rapidly, reaching a peak of 1,127,825 people in 1938.[9] Comprehensive urban renewal projects in the 1960s, resulting in large-scale relocation of people to designated new towns; such as Cumbernauld, Livingston, East Kilbride and peripheral suburbs, followed by successive boundary changes, reduced the population of the City of Glasgow council area to an estimated 615,070, with 1,209,143 people living in the Greater Glasgow urban area.[10] The wider metropolitan area is home to over 1,800,000 people, equating to around 33% of Scotland's population. The city has one of the highest densities of any locality in Scotland at 4,023/km2.

Glasgow hosted the 2014 Commonwealth Games and is also well known in the sporting world for the football rivalry referred to as the Old Firm, between Celtic and Rangers. Glasgow is also known for the Glasgow patter, a distinct dialect that is noted for being difficult to understand by those from outside the city.

Etymology

The origin of the name Glasgow is disputed.[11] It is common to derive the toponym from the older Cumbric glas cau or a Middle Gaelic cognate, which would have meant green basin or green valley. The settlement probably had an earlier Cumbric name, Cathures; the modern name appears for the first time in the Gaelic period (1116), as Glasgu. It is also recorded that the King of Strathclyde, Rhydderch Hael, welcomed Saint Kentigern (also known as Saint Mungo), and procured his consecration as bishop about 540. For some thirteen years Kentigern laboured in the region, building his church at the Molendinar Burn where Glasgow Cathedral now stands, and making many converts. A large community developed around him and became known as Glasgu (often glossed as "the dear Green" or "dear green place").

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Glasgow
አማርኛ: ግላዝጎ
Ænglisc: Glasgow
العربية: غلاسكو
armãneashti: Glasgow
asturianu: Glasgow
azərbaycanca: Qlazqo
تۆرکجه: قلاسقو
বাংলা: গ্লাসগো
Bân-lâm-gú: Glasgow
башҡортса: Глазго
беларуская: Глазга
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Глазга
български: Глазгоу
Boarisch: Glasgow
bosanski: Glasgow
brezhoneg: Glasc'ho
català: Glasgow
čeština: Glasgow
corsu: Glasgow
Cymraeg: Glasgow
dansk: Glasgow
Deutsch: Glasgow
dolnoserbski: Glasgow
eesti: Glasgow
Ελληνικά: Γλασκώβη
español: Glasgow
Esperanto: Glasgovo
estremeñu: Glasgow
euskara: Glasgow
فارسی: گلاسگو
føroyskt: Glasgow
français: Glasgow
Frysk: Glasgow
Gaeilge: Glaschú
Gaelg: Glaschu
Gàidhlig: Glaschu
galego: Glasgow
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Kak-là-sṳ̂-kô
한국어: 글래스고
Hausa: Glasgow
հայերեն: Գլազգո
हिन्दी: ग्लासगो
hornjoserbsce: Glasgow
hrvatski: Glasgow
Ido: Glasgow
Bahasa Indonesia: Glasgow
interlingua: Glasgow
Interlingue: Glasgow
Ирон: Глазго
íslenska: Glasgow
italiano: Glasgow
עברית: גלאזגו
Basa Jawa: Glasgow
ქართული: გლაზგო
қазақша: Глазго
kernowek: Glasgow
Kiswahili: Glasgow
коми: Глазго
kurdî: Glasgow
Кыргызча: Глазго
Ladino: Glasgow
Latina: Glasgua
latviešu: Glāzgova
lietuvių: Glazgas
Limburgs: Glasgow
magyar: Glasgow
македонски: Глазгов
മലയാളം: ഗ്ലാസ്ഗോ
मराठी: ग्लासगो
მარგალური: გლაზგო
مصرى: جلاسجو
Bahasa Melayu: Glasgow
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂလပ်စဂိုးမြို့
Nederlands: Glasgow
日本語: グラスゴー
Napulitano: Glasgow
нохчийн: Глазго
norsk: Glasgow
norsk nynorsk: Glasgow
occitan: Glasgow
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Glazgo
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਗਲਾਸਗੋ
پنجابی: گلاسگو
Piemontèis: Glasgow
polski: Glasgow
português: Glasgow
română: Glasgow
Runa Simi: Glasgow
русский: Глазго
संस्कृतम्: ग्लास्गो
Scots: Glesga
shqip: Glasgow
sicilianu: Glasgow
Simple English: Glasgow
slovenčina: Glasgow
slovenščina: Glasgow
ślůnski: Glasgow
کوردی: گلاسگۆ
српски / srpski: Глазгов
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Glasgow
suomi: Glasgow
svenska: Glasgow
Tagalog: Glasgow
தமிழ்: கிளாஸ்கோ
татарча/tatarça: Glazgo
తెలుగు: గ్లాస్గో
tetun: Glázgua
Türkçe: Glasgow
Twi: Glasgow
удмурт: Глазго
українська: Глазго
اردو: گلاسگو
ئۇيغۇرچە / Uyghurche: Glasgow
vèneto: Glasgow
vepsän kel’: Glazgo
Tiếng Việt: Glasgow
Volapük: Glasgow
West-Vlams: Glasgow
Winaray: Glasgow
吴语: 格拉斯哥
ייִדיש: גלאזגא
Yorùbá: Glasgow
粵語: 格拉斯哥
Zeêuws: Glasgow
žemaitėška: Glazgos
中文: 格拉斯哥