Gipsy Kings

The Gipsy Kings
Gipsy Kings.jpg
The Gipsy Kings performing in Brussels, Belgium, in 2007
Background information
OriginArles, Provence, France
GenresCatalan rumba, pop, rock
Years active1978–present
LabelsElektra, Nonesuch, Columbia/SME
Websitewww.gipsykings.com
MembersNicolas Reyes
Tonino Baliardo
Past membersCanut Reyes
Chico Bouchikhi
Andre Reyes
Jacques Baliardo
Maurice Baliardo
Pablo Reyes
Patchai Reyes
Jorge Trasante

The Gipsy Kings are a group of flamenco, salsa and pop musicians from Arles and Montpellier in the south of France, who perform in Andalusian Spanish. Although group members were born in France, their parents were mostly gitanos, Spanish gypsies who fled Catalonia during the 1930s Spanish Civil War. They are known for bringing Catalan rumba, a pop-oriented music distantly derived from traditional flamenco music, to worldwide audiences. The group originally called itself Los Reyes.

Their music has a particular rumba flamenca style, with pop influences; many songs of the Gipsy Kings fit social dances, such as salsa and rumba. Their music has been described as a place where "Spanish flamenco and gypsy rhapsody meet salsa funk".[1]

Career

The Gipsy Kings, born in France but brought up with Spanish culture, are largely responsible for bringing the sounds of progressive pop-oriented flamenco to a worldwide audience. The band started out in Arles, a town in southern France, during the 1970s, when brothers Nicolas and Andre Reyes, the sons of flamenco artist Jose Reyes, teamed up with their cousins Jacques, Maurice, and Tonino Baliardo.[1] Manitas de Plata and Jose Reyes were a duo who triggered the wider popularity of rumba flamenca (also known as Spanish or gypsy rumba). It was famous singer Reyes, however, who was mostly responsible for the new surge of popular interest when he left Manitas de Plata and started a band of his own, made up of his own sons, which he called "Los Reyes" (as well as being the family name, reyes means "kings" in Spanish).

Los Reyes started out as a gypsy band. They traveled around France, playing at weddings, festivals, and in the streets. Because they lived so much like gypsies, the band adopted the name Gipsy Kings. Later, they were hired to add colour to upper-class parties in such places as St. Tropez, but their first two albums attracted little notice. At this point, the Gipsies played traditional flamenco invigorated by Tonino Baliardo's guitar playing and Nicolas Reyes' voice.

The Gipsy King line-up featured a combination of left, and right-handed guitarists; three of the Reyes brothers (Nicolas, Andre', and Patchai) play guitar left-handed, and play left-hand (and sometimes right-hand) guitars that are strung for right-handers (i.e. with the low "E" string on the bottom), while Diego Baliardo plays a left-handed guitar that is strung for left hand (i.e. with the low "E" string on the top). Together with right-handers Canut and Paul Reyes, and Paco Baliardo, these guitarists focus on delivering the strong underpinning rhythms while the more complex leads are performed by the right-handed and conventionally styled Tonino Baliardo.[citation needed]

Success

They became popular with their self-titled third album, Gipsy Kings, which included the songs "Djobi Djoba", "Bamboléo", and the romantic ballad "Un Amor". Gipsy Kings was popular throughout Europe and in Africa, as well as in the Middle East.[citation needed]

Gipsy Kings was released in the United States in 1989 and spent 40 weeks on the charts, one of few Spanish language albums to do so.[2] The band covered "I've Got No Strings" for the 1991 Disney video and compilation album Simply Mad About the Mouse. Their cover version of "Hotel California" was an example of fast flamenco guitar leads and rhythmic strumming: it was featured in the 1998 Coen Brothers' movie The Big Lebowski.[3] The 2010 film Toy Story 3 featured their rendition of "You've Got a Friend in Me", a Spanish-language version titled "Hay un Amigo en Mi" and performed in a recognisably flamenco style.[4]

The band have been criticised by flamenco purists, but Nicolas Reyes said in an interview that the flamenco world is not in great shape itself and that the band are proud of their success; the Compas album contains more traditional flamenco music.[5]

Other Languages
العربية: جيبسي كينغز
български: Gipsy Kings
bosanski: Gipsy Kings
brezhoneg: Gipsy Kings
català: Gipsy Kings
čeština: Gipsy Kings
Deutsch: Gipsy Kings
español: Gipsy Kings
Esperanto: Gipsy Kings
euskara: Gipsy Kings
français: Gipsy Kings
galego: Gipsy Kings
한국어: 집시 킹스
hrvatski: Gipsy Kings
Bahasa Indonesia: Gipsy Kings
íslenska: Gipsy Kings
italiano: Gipsy Kings
עברית: Gipsy Kings
kurdî: Gipsy Kings
Latina: Gipsy Kings
magyar: Gipsy Kings
Nederlands: Gipsy Kings
norsk nynorsk: Gipsy Kings
occitan: Gipsy Kings
polski: Gipsy Kings
português: Gipsy Kings
română: Gipsy Kings
Romani: Gipsy Kings
русский: Gipsy Kings
svenska: Gipsy Kings
Türkçe: Gipsy Kings
українська: Gipsy Kings