Gioachino Rossini

Gioachino Rossini
Composer Rossini G 1865 by Carjat - Restoration.jpg
Photograph by Étienne Carjat, 1865
Born29 February 1792
Died13 November 1868(1868-11-13) (aged 76)
OccupationComposer
Works
List of compositions
Signature
Rossini Signature.png

Gioachino Antonio Rossini[1][2] (Italian: [dʒoaˈkiːno anˈtɔːnjo rosˈsiːni] (About this soundlisten); 29 February 1792 – 13 November 1868) was an Italian composer who wrote 39 operas as well as some sacred music, songs, chamber music, and piano pieces. He was a precocious composer of operas, and he made his debut at age 18 with La cambiale di matrimonio. His best-known operas include the Italian comedies The Barber of Seville (Il barbiere di Siviglia), The Italian Girl in Algiers (L'italiana in Algeri), and Cinderella (La Cenerentola). He also wrote a string of serious operas in Italian, including works such as Tancredi, Otello, and Semiramide. The Thieving Magpie (La gazza ladra) features one of his most celebrated overtures.

Rossini moved to Paris in 1824 where he began to set French librettos to music. His last opera was the epic William Tell (Guillaume Tell), featuring its iconic overture which helped to usher in grand opera in France. A tendency for inspired, song-like melodies is evident throughout his scores, which earned him the nickname "the Italian Mozart." He was a rapid and prolific composer, quoted as joking, "Give me the laundress' bill and I will even set that to music."[3] He also earned the nickname "Signor Crescendo" for his use of an exciting buildup of orchestral sound over a repeated phrase, which is now commonly known as a "Rossini crescendo". Until his retirement in 1829, Rossini had been the most popular opera composer in history.[4]

Early life

Portrait of Rossini as a young man

Gioachino Antonio Rossini was born into a family of musicians in Pesaro, a town on the Adriatic coast of Italy that was then part of the Papal States. His father, Giuseppe, was a horn player and inspector of slaughterhouses. His mother, Anna, was a singer and a baker's daughter.

Rossini's father was sympathetic to the French Revolution and welcomed Napoleon's troops when they arrived in northern Italy. When Austria restored the old regime, Rossini's father was sent to prison in 1799, where he remained until June 1800.[5] Rossini's mother took him to Bologna, making a living as leading singer at various theatres of the Romagna region. Her husband would ultimately join her in Bologna. During this time, Rossini was frequently left in the care of his aging grandmother, who had difficulty supervising the boy.

He remained at Bologna in the care of a pork butcher while his father played the horn in the orchestras of the theatres at which his wife sang. The boy had three years of instruction in the playing of the harpsichord from Giuseppe Prinetti, originally from Novara, who played the scale with two fingers only; Prinetti also owned a business selling beer and had a propensity to fall asleep while standing. These qualities made him a subject for ridicule in the eyes of the young Rossini.[6]

Other Languages
Alemannisch: Gioacchino Rossini
azərbaycanca: Coakkino Rossini
Bân-lâm-gú: Gioachino Rossini
беларуская: Джаакіна Расіні
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Джаакіна Расіні
български: Джоакино Росини
Bahasa Indonesia: Gioachino Rossini
interlingua: Gioachino Rossini
Kapampangan: Gioachino Rossini
Lëtzebuergesch: Gioachino Rossini
македонски: Џоакино Росини
Bahasa Melayu: Gioachino Rossini
Nederlands: Gioachino Rossini
norsk nynorsk: Gioacchino Rossini
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Rossini Joakkino Antonio
Piemontèis: Gioachino Rossini
Plattdüütsch: Gioachino Rossini
português: Gioachino Rossini
Simple English: Gioachino Rossini
slovenčina: Gioacchino Rossini
slovenščina: Gioachino Rossini
српски / srpski: Ђоакино Росини
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gioachino Rossini
Tiếng Việt: Gioachino Rossini