Gilaki language

Gilaki
گیلکی Giləki
Native toIran, province of Gilan and parts of the province of Mazandaran and Qazvin
RegionSouthwest coast of the Caspian Sea
Native speakers
2.4 million (2016)[1]
Dialects
  • Western Gilaki
  • Eastern Gilaki
  • Galeshi
Language codes
ISO 639-3glk
Glottologgila1241[2]
Linguasphere58-AAC-eb
Gilaki Language Location Map.PNG
Areas where Gilaki is spoken as the mother tongue
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The Gilaki language (گیلکی Giləki) is a Caspian language, and a member of the northwestern Iranian language branch, spoken in Iran's Gīlān Province. According to many researchers Gilaki and Mazandarani are dialects of middle Persian [3][4] Gilaki is closely related to Mazandarani and Persian, and the three languages have similar vocabularies. The Gilaki and Mazandarani languages (but not other Iranian languages) share certain typological features with Caucasian languages (specifically South Caucasian languages),[5][6][7] reflecting the history, ethnic identity, and close relatedness to the Caucasus region and Caucasian peoples of the Gilaki people and Mazandarani people.

Classification

The Gilaki language is closely related to Mazanderani, and the two languages have similar vocabularies. The language is divided into three dialects: Western Gilaki, Eastern Gilaki, and Galeshi (in the mountains of Gilan). The western and eastern dialects are separated by the Sefid River.[8] According to Ethnologue, there were more than 3 million native speakers of Gilaki in 1993.[9] By 2006 there were 4 million native speakers of Gilaki.

There are three main dialects but larger cities in Gilan have slight variations to the way they speak. These "sub-dialects" are Rashti, Rudbari, Some’e Sarai, Lahijani, Langerudi, Rudsari, Bandar Anzali and Fumani.[10]

Easteen Gilaki is also spoken in the city of Ramsar, Mazandaran and surrounding areas. It has been influenced by the Mazandarani language and is sometimes referred to as Gil-Mazani although most refer to it as Ramsari, it is still considering to be a sub-dialect of Gilaki.

Other Languages
አማርኛ: ጊላኪኛ
العربية: لغة كيلكية
azərbaycanca: Gilan dili
Bân-lâm-gú: Gilaki-gí
български: Гилянски език
brezhoneg: Gilakeg
català: Gilaki
Deutsch: Gilaki
español: Idioma guilakí
Esperanto: Gila lingvo
euskara: Gilandera
Fiji Hindi: Gilaki language
français: Gilaki
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Gilaki-ngî
italiano: Lingua gilaki
لۊری شومالی: زۊن گیلکی
lietuvių: Gilekių kalba
مصرى: جيلاكى
مازِرونی: گیلکی
Nederlands: Gilaki (taal)
日本語: ギラキ語
norsk: Gileki
پنجابی: گیلاکی بولی
Piemontèis: Lenga Gilaki
português: Língua gilaki
svenska: Gilaki
Tagalog: Wikang Gilaki
Türkçe: Gilanca
українська: Ґілакі
Zazaki: Gileki