Gibraltar

Gibraltar
Motto: "Montis Insignia Calpe" ( Latin)
"Badge of the Rock of Gibraltar" [1]
Anthem: " God Save the Queen" (official)

" Gibraltar Anthem" (local) [2]
Location of  Gibraltar  (dark green)– in Europe  (green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (green)
Location of  Gibraltar  (dark green)

– in Europe  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)

Map of Gibraltar
Map of Gibraltar
Status British Overseas Territory
Capital Gibraltar
36°8′N 5°21′W / 36°8′N 5°21′W / 36.133; -5.350
Largest district
(by population)
Westside
Official languages English
Spoken languages
Ethnic groups
Demonym Gibraltarian
Llanito ( colloquial)
Government Representative democratic parliamentary dependency under constitutional monarchy
•  Monarch
Elizabeth II
•  Governor
Ed Davis
Fabian Picardo
•  Mayor
Kaiane Aldorino
Legislature Parliament
Formation
•  Captured
4 August 1704 [3]
•  Ceded
11 April 1713 [4]
10 September
• Joined the EEC
1 January 1973b
Area
• Total
6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0
Population
• 2015 estimate
32,194 [5] ( 222nd)
• Density
4,328/km2 (11,209.5/sq mi) ( 5th)
GDP ( PPP) 2013 estimate
• Total
£1.64 billion
• Per capita
£50,941 ( n/a)
HDI (2015) 0.861 [6]
very high ·  40th
Currency Gibraltar pound ( £)c ( GIP)
Time zone CET ( UTC+1)
• Summer ( DST)
CEST ( UTC+2)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the rightd
Calling code +350e
Patron saint
ISO 3166 code GI
Internet TLD .gif
  1. Of mixed Genoese, Maltese, Portuguese and Spanish descent.
  2. As a Special Member State territory of the United Kingdom.
  3. Coins and sterling notes are issued by the Government of Gibraltar.
  4. Unlike all other UK dependencies except the British Indian Ocean Territory, since 16 June 1929.
  5. 9567 from Spain before 10 February 2007.
  6. The .eu domain is also used, shared with other European Union member states.

    UK Postcode: GX11 1AA
    [7]

Gibraltar ( ər/ ji-BRAWL-tər, ər/ ji-BROL-tər or other permutations; Spanish pronunciation:  [xiβɾalˈtaɾ]) is a British Overseas Territory located on the southern end of the Iberian Peninsula. [8] [9] It has an area of 6.7 km2 (2.6 sq mi) and shares its northern border with Spain. The Rock of Gibraltar is the major landmark of the region. At its foot is a densely populated city area, home to over 30,000 Gibraltarians and other nationalities. [10]

An Anglo-Dutch force captured Gibraltar from Spain in 1704 during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of the Habsburg claim to the Spanish throne. The territory was subsequently ceded to Great Britain "in perpetuity" under the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. During World War II it was an important base for the Royal Navy as it controlled the entrance and exit to the Mediterranean Sea, which is only eight miles (13 km) wide at this naval " choke point" and remains strategically important to this day with half the world's seaborne trade passing through the strait. [11] [12] [13] Today Gibraltar's economy is based largely on tourism, online gambling, financial services, and cargo ship refuelling services. [14] [15]

The sovereignty of Gibraltar is a major point of contention in Anglo-Spanish relations as Spain asserts a claim to the territory. [15] Gibraltarians overwhelmingly rejected proposals for Spanish sovereignty in a 1967 referendum and again in 2002. Under the Gibraltar constitution of 2006, Gibraltar governs its own affairs, though some powers, such as defence and foreign relations, remain the responsibility of the British government.

Name

The name Gibraltar is the Spanish derivation of the Arabic name Jabal Ṭāriq (جبل طارق), meaning "Mountain of Tariq". It refers to the Rock of Gibraltar, which was named after the Umayyad general Tariq ibn-Ziyad who led the initial incursion into Iberia in advance of the main Umayyad force in 711 under the command of Umayyad Caliph Al-Walid I. Earlier, it was known as Mons Calpe, a name of Phoenician origin and one of the Pillars of Hercules. [16]

The pronunciation of the name in modern Spanish is [xiβɾalˈtaɾ] (IPA).

Other Languages
Acèh: Gibraltar
Afrikaans: Gibraltar
አማርኛ: ጅብራልታር
Ænglisc: Calpis
العربية: جبل طارق
aragonés: Chibraltar
arpetan: Gibraltar
asturianu: Xibraltar
azərbaycanca: Cəbəli-Tariq
تۆرکجه: جبل الطارق
Bân-lâm-gú: Gibraltar
башҡортса: Гибралтар
беларуская: Гібралтар
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Гібральтар
български: Гибралтар
Boarisch: Gibraltar
bosanski: Gibraltar
brezhoneg: Jibraltar
català: Gibraltar
Чӑвашла: Гибралтар
čeština: Gibraltar
chiTumbuka: Gibraltar
Cymraeg: Gibraltar
dansk: Gibraltar
Deutsch: Gibraltar
ދިވެހިބަސް: ޖަބަލްޠާރިޤު
dolnoserbski: Gibraltar
eesti: Gibraltar
Ελληνικά: Γιβραλτάρ
español: Gibraltar
Esperanto: Ĝibraltaro
estremeñu: Gibraltar
euskara: Gibraltar
فارسی: جبل طارق
Fiji Hindi: Gibraltar
føroyskt: Gibraltar
français: Gibraltar
Frysk: Gibraltar
Gaeilge: Giobráltar
Gaelg: Gibraaltar
Gagauz: Cebelitarık
Gàidhlig: Giobraltair
galego: Xibraltar
客家語/Hak-kâ-ngî: Gibraltar
한국어: 지브롤터
Hausa: Gibraltar
Հայերեն: Ջիբրալթար
हिन्दी: जिब्राल्टर
hornjoserbsce: Gibraltar
hrvatski: Gibraltar
বিষ্ণুপ্রিয়া মণিপুরী: জিব্রালটার
Bahasa Indonesia: Gibraltar
interlingua: Gibraltar
Interlingue: Gibraltar
íslenska: Gíbraltar
italiano: Gibilterra
עברית: גיברלטר
Basa Jawa: Gibraltar
Kapampangan: Gibraltar
ქართული: გიბრალტარი
қазақша: Гибралтар
kernowek: Jibraltar
Kinyarwanda: Giburalitari
Kiswahili: Gibraltar
Kurdî: Cîbraltar
Кыргызча: Гибралтар
Ladino: Gibraltar
лезги: Гибралтар
Latina: Gibraltaria
latviešu: Gibraltārs
Lëtzebuergesch: Gibraltar
lietuvių: Gibraltaras
Ligure: Gibiltæra
Limburgs: Gibraltar
lumbaart: Gibiltera
македонски: Гибралтар
Māori: Kāmaka
მარგალური: გიბრალტარი
مازِرونی: جبل طارق
Bahasa Melayu: Gibraltar
Mìng-dĕ̤ng-ngṳ̄: Gibraltar
монгол: Гибралтар
မြန်မာဘာသာ: ဂျီဘရော်လ်တာ
Nāhuatl: Gibraltar
Nederlands: Gibraltar
Nedersaksies: Gibraltar
नेपाल भाषा: जिब्राल्टर
Nordfriisk: Gibraltaar
Norfuk / Pitkern: Jibrulta
norsk: Gibraltar
norsk nynorsk: Gibraltar
Nouormand: Dgibrâltar
occitan: Gibartar
oʻzbekcha/ўзбекча: Gibraltar
ਪੰਜਾਬੀ: ਜਿਬਰਾਲਟਰ
پنجابی: جبرالٹر
Patois: Jibralta
Piemontèis: Gibiltèra
Plattdüütsch: Gibraltar
polski: Gibraltar
português: Gibraltar
Qaraqalpaqsha: Gibraltar
română: Gibraltar
русский: Гибралтар
sardu: Gibraltar
Scots: Gibraltar
sicilianu: Gibbilterra
Simple English: Gibraltar
slovenčina: Gibraltár
slovenščina: Gibraltar
Soomaaliga: Jibraltaar
کوردی: گیبرالتار
српски / srpski: Гибралтар
srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски: Gibraltar
Basa Sunda: Gibraltar
suomi: Gibraltar
svenska: Gibraltar
Tagalog: Gibraltar
Taqbaylit: Adrar n Ṭariq
татарча/tatarça: Гибралтар
tetun: Jibraltár
тоҷикӣ: Гибралтар
Türkçe: Cebelitarık
українська: Гібралтар
vèneto: Gibiltera
Tiếng Việt: Gibraltar
walon: Djibraltar
文言: 直布羅陀
Winaray: Gibraltar
Wolof: Jibraltaar
吴语: 直布罗陀
ייִדיש: גיבראלטאר
Yorùbá: Gibraltar
粵語: 直布羅陀
Zazaki: Cebelitarıq
Zeêuws: Hibraltar
中文: 直布罗陀