Ghana Police Service

Ghana Police Service
Common name Ghana Police Service
Abbreviation GPS
Ghana Police Service (GPS) patch.jpg
Ghana Police Service patch depicting the service logo
Ghana Police Service (GPS) logo.jpg
Logo of the Ghana Police Service
Ghana Police Service (GPS) Badge.jpg
Shield of the Ghana Police Service
Motto Service With Integrity
Agency overview
Formed 1894
Preceding agencies
  • 1894 – 1957: known as the Gold Coast Police Service
  • 1957 – known as the Ghana Police Service
Employees 32,684 (30 June 2011)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency Republic of Ghana
Regions of Ghana en.svg
Map of Ghana Police Service's jurisdiction.
Size 238,530 square kilometres (92,098 sq mi)
Population 24,233,431
Governing body Government of Ghana
Constituting instruments
  • Police Act 1904
  • Police Act 1960
  • Police Act 1970
  • Policing Act 1992
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Accra, Greater Accra, Ghana
Sworn members 23,684 (30 June 2011)
Unsworn members 9,000 (30 June 2011)
Minister responsible Ambrose Dery, Minister for Interior
Agency executive David Asante-Apeatu, Inspector General of Police
Stations 651+

The Ghana Police Service (GPS) is the main law enforcement agency of Ghana. The service is under the control of the Ghanaian Ministry of the Interior, [2] and employs over 30,000 officers across its 651 stations.

Organisational structure

The Ghana Police Service operates in twelve divisions: ten covering the ten regions of Ghana, one assigned specifically to the seaport and industrial hub of Tema, and the twelfth being the Railways, Ports and Harbours Division. [3] An additional division, the Marine Police Unit, exists to handle issues that arise from the country's offshore oil and gas industry. [3]

The current head of the Ghana Police Service is Inspector General of Police (IGP) David Asante-Apeatu. [1] For each of the regional police divisions, there is a Regional Commander who is in charge of all operational and administrative functions under his jurisdiction. In direct operational matters, the Regional Commander furthermore works in tandem with the Regional Operational Commander. For administrative functions, the Regional Commander is assisted by the Deputy Regional Commander and the Regional Crime Officer. The Deputy Inspector-General of Police is assisted by the Director-General of the Police Administration, and supervises the activities of the regional commanders of police. [3]

Regional divisions

Apart from the National Police Headquarters, all the regional divisions have subdivisions under them. [3] The aim of this is to decentralize the activities of the regional police force for more effective and flexible

Special units

There are, furthermore, specialized police units in all the regional divisions. The Regional Commander has oversight over these units. These units include: [3]

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