Gerry Adams

Gerry Adams

Gerry Adams Pre Election Press Conference.jpg
Leader of Sinn Féin
In office
13 November 1983 – 10 February 2018
Deputy
Preceded byRuairí Ó Brádaigh
Succeeded byMary Lou McDonald
Leader of Sinn Féin in Dáil Éireann
In office
9 March 2011 – 10 February 2018
Preceded byCaoimhghín Ó Caoláin
Succeeded byMary Lou McDonald
Teachta Dála
for Louth
Assumed office
25 February 2011
Member of the Legislative Assembly
for Belfast West
In office
25 June 1998 – 7 December 2010
Preceded byConstituency established
Succeeded byPat Sheehan
Leader of Sinn Féin in Northern Ireland
In office
10 April 1998 – 8 May 2007
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byMartin McGuinness
Member of Parliament
for Belfast West
In office
1 May 1997 – 26 January 2011
Preceded byJoe Hendron
Succeeded byPaul Maskey
In office
9 June 1983 – 9 April 1992
Preceded byGerry Fitt
Succeeded byJoe Hendron
Personal details
Born
Gerard Adams

(1948-10-06) 6 October 1948 (age 70)
Belfast, Northern Ireland
Political partysinnfein.ie/contents/20204

Gerard Adams (Irish: Gearóid Mac Ádhaimh;[1] born 6 October 1948) is an Irish republican politician who was the Leader of the Sinn Féin political party between 13 November 1983 and 10 February 2018, and has been a Teachta Dála (TD) for Louth since the 2011 general election.[2][3] From 1983 to 1992 and from 1997 to 2011, he was an abstentionist Member of Parliament (MP) of the British Parliament for the Belfast West constituency.

In 1984, Adams was seriously wounded in an assassination attempt by several gunmen from the Ulster Defence Association (UDA), including John Gregg.[4] From the late 1980s onwards, Adams was an important figure in the Northern Ireland peace process, initially following contact by the then-Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP) leader John Hume and then subsequently with the Irish and British governments.[5]

Under Adams, Sinn Féin changed its traditional policy of abstentionism towards the Oireachtas, the parliament of the Republic of Ireland, in 1986 and later took seats in the power-sharing Northern Ireland Assembly. In 2005, the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) stated that its armed campaign was over and that it was exclusively committed to peaceful politics.[6]

In 2014, he was held for four days by the Police Service of Northern Ireland for questioning in connection with the abduction and murder of Jean McConville in 1972.[7][8] He was freed without charge and a file was sent to the Public Prosecution Service,[9] which later stated there was insufficient evidence to charge him,[10] as had been expected since shortly after his release.[11][12][13]

Adams announced in November 2017 that he would step down as leader of Sinn Féin in 2018, and that he would not stand for re-election to his seat in the Dáil in the next election.[14] He was succeeded as Leader of Sinn Féin by Mary Lou McDonald at a special ardfheis (party conference) on 10 February 2018.[15]

Family background and early life

Adams was born in Belfast, Northern Ireland. His parents, Anne (Hannaway) and Gerry Adams, Sr., came from republican backgrounds.[16] His grandfather, also named Gerry Adams, was a member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) during the Irish War of Independence. Two of Adams's uncles, Dominic and Patrick Adams, had been interned by the governments in Belfast and Dublin.[17][citation needed] J. Bowyer Bell states in his book, The Secret Army,[18] that Dominic Adams was a senior figure in the IRA of the mid-1940s. Gerry Adams Sr. joined the IRA at age sixteen. In 1942, he participated in an IRA ambush on a Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) patrol but was himself shot, arrested and sentenced to eight years imprisonment.

Adams's maternal great-grandfather, Michael Hannaway, was also a member of the IRB during its dynamiting campaign in England in the 1860s and 1870s. Michael's son, Billy, was election agent for Éamon de Valera at the Irish general election, 1918 in West Belfast.

Adams attended St Finian's Primary School on the Falls Road, where he was taught by La Salle brothers. Having passed the eleven-plus exam in 1960, he attended St Mary's Christian Brothers Grammar School. He left St Mary's with six O-levels and became a barman. He was increasingly involved in the Irish republican movement, joining Sinn Féin and Fianna Éireann in 1964, after being radicalised by the Divis Street riots during that year's general election campaign.[19]

In 1971, Adams married Collette McArdle,[20] with whom he has one son, Gearoid (born 1973),[21] who has played Gaelic football for Antrim GAA senior men's team and was its assistant manager in 2012.[22]

Other Languages
Afrikaans: Gerry Adams
العربية: جيري آدمز
azərbaycanca: Cerri Adams
беларуская: Джэры Адамс
беларуская (тарашкевіца)‎: Джэры Адамз
български: Джери Адамс
brezhoneg: Gerry Adams
català: Gerry Adams
čeština: Gerry Adams
Cymraeg: Gerry Adams
Deutsch: Gerry Adams
español: Gerry Adams
Esperanto: Gerry Adams
euskara: Gerry Adams
فارسی: جری آدامز
français: Gerry Adams
Gaeilge: Gerry Adams
galego: Gerry Adams
한국어: 게리 애덤스
Bahasa Indonesia: Gerry Adams
italiano: Gerry Adams
עברית: ג'רי אדמס
لۊری شومالی: جاٛری آدامز
Nederlands: Gerry Adams
norsk nynorsk: Gerry Adams
polski: Gerry Adams
português: Gerry Adams
русский: Адамс, Джерри
Simple English: Gerry Adams
svenska: Gerry Adams
українська: Джеррі Адамс
Tiếng Việt: Gerry Adams