Latin: Germanicus Julius Caesar; 24 May 15 BC – 10 October AD 19) was a member of the
Julio-Claudian dynasty and a prominent general of the
Roman Empire, who was known for his campaigns in
Germania. The son of
Nero Claudius Drusus and
Antonia Minor, Germanicus was born into an influential branch of the
gens Claudia. The
agnomen Germanicus was added to his full name in 9 BC when it was posthumously awarded to his father in honor of his victories in Germania. In AD 4, he was adopted by his paternal uncle,
Tiberius who succeeded
Roman emperor a decade later. As a result, Germanicus became an official member of the
gens Julia, another prominent family which he was related to on his mother's side. His connection to the Julii was further consolidated through a marriage between himself and
Agrippina the Elder, a granddaughter of Augustus.
During the reign of Augustus, Germanicus enjoyed an accelerated political career as the heir of the emperor's heir, entering the office of
quaestor five years before the legal age in AD 7. He held that office until AD 11, and was elected
consul for the first time in AD 12. The year after, he was made
Germania Superior, and all of
Gaul. From there he commanded eight
legions, about one-third of the entire
Roman army, which he led against the Germanic tribes in his campaigns from AD 14 to 16. He avenged the Roman Empire's defeat in the
Teutoberg Forest and retrieved two of the three
legionary eagles that had been lost during the battle. In AD 17 he returned to
Rome where he received a
triumph before leaving to reorganize the provinces of
Asia Minor, whereby he incorporated the provinces of
Commagene in AD 18.
While in the eastern provinces, he came into conflict with the governor of
Gnaeus Calpurnius Piso. During their feud, Germanicus became ill in
Antioch, where he died on 10 October AD 19. His death has been attributed to poison by ancient sources, but that was never proven. As a famous general, he was widely popular and regarded as the ideal Roman long after his death.
 To the Roman people, Germanicus was the Roman equivalent of
Alexander the Great due to the nature of his death at a young age, his virtuous character, his dashing physique, and his military renown.